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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934


Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported):   November 30, 2023

CREDIT ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Michigan
000-20202
38-1999511
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
  25505 West Twelve Mile Road
Southfield,
Michigan
48034-8339
  (Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:   (248) 353-2700
Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.01 par valueCACCThe Nasdaq Stock Market


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o




Item 1.01 Entry Into a Material Definitive Agreement.

The information set forth below under Item 2.03 is hereby incorporated by reference into this Item 1.01.

Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of
a Registrant.

On November 30, 2023, Credit Acceptance Corporation (the “Company”, “Credit Acceptance”, “we”, “our”, or “us”) entered into a $200.0 million asset-backed non-recourse secured financing (the “Financing”). Pursuant to this transaction, we conveyed loans having a value of approximately $252.0 million to a wholly owned special purpose entity, Credit Acceptance Funding 2023-A (“Funding 2023-A”) that pledged the loans to an institutional lender under a loan and security agreement. We issued three classes of notes:

Note Class
Amount
Interest Rate
A
$
100,830,000
6.98 %
B
$
45,050,000
7.81 %
C
$
54,120,000
8.24 %

The Financing will:
have an expected average annualized cost of approximately 8.6% including the initial purchasers’ fees and other costs;
revolve for 24 months after which it will amortize based upon the cash flows on the conveyed loans; and
be used by us to repay outstanding indebtedness and for general corporate purposes.

We will receive 4.0% of the cash flows related to the underlying consumer loans to cover servicing expenses. The remaining 96.0%, less amounts due to dealers for payments of dealer holdback, will be used to pay principal and interest to the institutional lender as well as the ongoing costs of the Financing. The Financing is structured so as not to affect our contractual relationships with our dealers and to preserve the dealers’ rights to future payments of dealer holdback.

The Financing provides for certain events, referred to as “Termination Events”, including nonpayment, misrepresentation, breach of covenants, bankruptcy and failure to maintain certain financial ratios and results, including in respect of the performance of the pledged loans. It is also a Termination Event (i) if an event with a material adverse effect occurs, (ii) if we fail to make any required payment on debt for borrowed money having a principal amount in excess of a specified amount or default in the performance of any conditions, covenants or agreements under agreements relating to any such debt that results in such debt being (or permits such debt to be) accelerated or (iii) with respect to our role as servicer of the loans, if any “Servicer Termination Event” occurs. Upon the occurrence of any Termination Event, in addition to those described above, the creditors may, after the applicable grace period, declare the entire unpaid principal amount outstanding under the Financing and all accrued interest thereon to be immediately due and payable and exercise other remedies, including foreclosing on the collateral.

The above summary of the terms and conditions of this transaction does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by the agreement attached as Exhibit 4.138 through 4.141 to this Form 8-K which agreements are incorporated herein by reference.

Item 8.01 Other Events.

On November 30, 2023, we issued a press release regarding this transaction. The press release is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.





Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits.

Exhibit No.
Description
Loan and Security Agreement dated as of November 30, 2023 among the Company, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-A, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
Backup Servicing Agreement dated as of November 30, 2023 among the Company, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-A, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and Computershare Trust Company, N.A.
Amended and Restated Intercreditor Agreement dated November 30, 2023, among the Company, CAC Warehouse Funding LLC II, CAC Warehouse Funding LLC IV, CAC Warehouse Funding LLC V, CAC Warehouse Funding LLC VI, CAC Warehouse Funding LLC VIII, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-A, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-3, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-2, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-1, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2022-3, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2022-2, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2022-1, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2021-4, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2021-3, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2021-2, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2021-1, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2020-3, Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2019-2, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2023-3, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2023-2,Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2023-1, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2022-3, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2022-1, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2021-4, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2021-3, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2021-2, Credit Acceptance Auto Loan Trust 2020-3, Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as trustee, Fifth Third Bank, National Association, Bank of Montreal, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as agent, Flagstar Bank, National Association, as agent, Citizens Bank, N.A., as agent and Comerica Bank, as agent.
Sale and Contribution Agreement dated as of November 30, 2023, between the Company and Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-A.
Press release dated November 30, 2023.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document




SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

CREDIT ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION
Date: December 4, 2023By:/s/ Douglas W. Busk
Douglas W. Busk
Chief Treasury Officer





Exhibit 4.138

$200,000,000
LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT
Dated as of November 30, 2023
Among
CREDIT ACCEPTANCE FUNDING LLC 2023-A
as the Borrower
CREDIT ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION
as the Originator, the Servicer and the Custodian
THE LENDERS FROM TIME TO TIME PARTY HERETO
WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
as the Deal Agent
and
COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY, N.A.
as the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent





TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
i



    iii







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EXHIBITS
EXHIBIT A    Form of Assignment and Acceptance
EXHIBIT B    Form of Monthly Report
EXHIBIT C    Form of Officer’s Certificate as to Solvency
EXHIBIT D-1    Form of Note (Class A Loan)
EXHIBIT D-2    Form of Note (Class B Loan)
EXHIBIT D-3    Form of Note (Class C Loan)
EXHIBIT E    Form of Dealer Agreement
EXHIBIT F    Forms of Contracts
EXHIBIT G    Form of Purchase Agreement

SCHEDULES
SCHEDULE I    Credit Guidelines
SCHEDULE II    Tradenames, Fictitious Names and “Doing Business As” Names
SCHEDULE III    Location of Records and Contract Files
SCHEDULE IV    List of Loans, Contracts, Dealer Agreements and Pools
SCHEDULE V    Forecasted Collections
SCHEDULE VI    Commitment Amount of Each Lender
SCHEDULE VII    Condition Precedent Documents

    iii



This LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) is made as of November 30, 2023 among:
(1)    CREDIT ACCEPTANCE FUNDING LLC 2023-A, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Borrower”);
(2)    CREDIT ACCEPTANCE CORPORATION, a Michigan corporation (“Credit Acceptance,” the “Originator,” the “Servicer” or the “Custodian”);
(3)    the lenders from time to time party hereto (each, a “Lender,” and together with each other lender from time to time party hereto, the “Lenders”);
(5)    WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, as deal agent (the “Deal Agent”); and
(6)    COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY, N.A., through its Computershare Corporate Trust division (“Computershare”), as backup servicer (the “Backup Servicer”) and as collateral agent (the “Collateral Agent”).
WHEREAS, the Borrower was formed for the purpose of taking assignments of, and holding, various assets, including loans to dealers and motor vehicle finance contracts, amounts received on or in respect of such finance contracts and proceeds of the foregoing;
WHEREAS, the Borrower has requested that the Lenders make loans to the Borrower on the Closing Date, the proceeds of which will be used to finance the purchase price of certain dealer loans and motor vehicle finance contracts as described herein; and
WHEREAS, the Lenders have agreed to make such loans to the Borrower upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein;
NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:
Article I

DEFINITIONS
Section 1.1.Certain Defined Terms.
(a)Certain capitalized terms used throughout this Agreement are defined above or in this Section 1.1.
(b)As used in this Agreement and its schedules, exhibits and other attachments, unless the context requires a different meaning, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
Accrual Period: For any Payment Date, the period from and including the fifteenth (15th) calendar day of the prior calendar month—or, in the case of the first Payment Date, from and
1


including the Closing Date—to but excluding the fifteenth (15th) calendar day of the current calendar month.
Addition Date: (a) With respect to any Dealer Loan, the date on which such Dealer Loan is contributed or otherwise transferred by Credit Acceptance to the Borrower pursuant to the Contribution Agreement; and (b) with respect to any Purchased Loan, the date on which such Purchased Loan is contributed or otherwise transferred by Credit Acceptance to the Borrower pursuant to the Contribution Agreement.
Additional Amount: Defined in Section 2.14(a).
Additional Cut-Off Date: Each date on and after which Collections on an Additional Loan are to be transferred to the Collateral.
Additional Loans: All Loans that become part of the Collateral after the Closing Date.
Adjusted Collateral Amount: On any Payment Date during the Revolving Period, an amount equal to the sum of: (i) the Collateral Amount; and (ii) the amount on deposit in the Principal Collection Account.
Adjusted Forecasted Collections: On any Payment Date during the Revolving Period, an amount equal to the sum of (i) the Forecasted Collections, plus (ii) the quotient obtained by dividing (A) the amount on deposit in the Principal Collection Account, by (B) 0.60.
Affected Party: Each of the Lenders, any permitted assignee or participant of any Lender, the Deal Agent, any successor to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association as Deal Agent or any sub-agent of the Deal Agent.
Affiliate: With respect to a Person, means any other Person that, directly or indirectly, controls, is controlled by or under common control with such Person, or is a director or officer of such Person. For purposes of this definition, “control” (including the terms “controlling,” “controlled by” and “under common control with”) when used with respect to any specified Person means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to vote 5% or more of the voting securities of such Person or to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise.
Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance: On any date of determination, the sum of the Outstanding Balances of all Eligible Loans on such day.
Aggregate Term Loan Balance: On any date of determination, the sum of the Class A Loan Balance, the Class B Loan Balance and the Class C Loan Balance; provided, however, if any portion of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance shall have been reduced by any distribution and thereafter all or a portion of such distribution is rescinded or must otherwise be returned for any reason, such portion of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance shall be increased by the amount of such rescinded or returned distribution, as though it had not been made.
Aggregate Unpaids: At any time, an amount, equal to the sum of any due and unpaid Aggregate Term Loan Balance, all accrued and unpaid interest and all other amounts owed by the
    2



Borrower hereunder or under any other Transaction Document or by the Borrower or any other Person under any fee letter delivered in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (whether due or accrued) and any unpaid fees, expenses and indemnities due to the Collateral Agent and to the Backup Servicer hereunder, both before and after the Assumption Date.
Agreement: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
Amortization Event: The occurrence of any of the following events:
(i)on any Payment Date after giving effect to all purchases of Additional Loans (or the funding of any additional Dealer Loan Contracts allocated to an open pool of Dealer Loan Contracts securing a Dealer Loan) on such date, the amount on deposit in the Principal Collection Account is greater than 5.0% of the Adjusted Collateral Amount for two (2) or more Business Days;
(ii)on any Payment Date after giving effect to all purchases of Additional Loans (or the funding of any additional Dealer Loan Contracts allocated to an open pool of Dealer Loan Contracts securing a Dealer Loan), either (x) the Adjusted Collateral Amount is less than the Minimum Collateral Amount or (y) the Adjusted Forecasted Collections are less than the Minimum Forecasted Collections Amount, and, in either such case, such deficiency continues for two (2) or more Business Days;
(iii)a Reserve Advance is made, except if on the date of such Reserve Advance, the Aggregate Term Loan Balance is zero;
(iv)cumulative Collections through the end of the related Collection Period, expressed as a percentage of the cumulative Forecasted Collections though the end of the related Collection Period, are less than 90.0% for any three (3) consecutive Collection Periods;
(v)on any Payment Date, the Weighted Average Spread Rate is less than the Minimum Weighted Average Spread Rate;
(vi)the Borrower fails to make a payment or deposit when required under this Agreement or within any applicable grace or cure period;
(vii)the Scheduled Amortization Date;
(viii)a Servicer Termination Event; or
(ix)a Termination Event (except that in the case of the Termination Events described in clauses (c), (f), (g), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n) and (p) of Section 10.1, no such Termination Event shall constitute an Amortization Event unless and until a Termination Date has been declared with respect to such Termination Event).
Amortization Period: With respect to each Lender, the period beginning on the occurrence of an Amortization Event and ending on the Collection Date.
    3



Anti-Corruption Laws: (a) The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended; (b) the U.K. Bribery Act 2010, as amended; and (c) any other anti-bribery or anti-corruption laws, regulations or ordinances in any jurisdiction in which the Borrower or any member of the Borrowing Group is located or doing business.
Anti-Money Laundering Laws: The applicable laws or regulations in any jurisdiction in which the Borrower or any member of the Borrowing Group is located or doing business that relates to money laundering, any predicate crime to money laundering, or any financial record keeping and reporting requirements related thereto.
Applicable Law: For any Person, all existing and future applicable laws, rules, regulations (including proposed, temporary and final income tax regulations), statutes, treaties, codes, ordinances, permits, certificates, orders and licenses of and interpretations by any Governmental Authority (including, without limitation, usury laws, the Federal Truth in Lending Act, and Regulation Z and Regulation B of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System), and applicable judgments, decrees, injunctions, writs, orders, or action of any court, arbitrator or other administrative, judicial, or quasi-judicial tribunal or agency of competent jurisdiction.
Approved Fund: Defined in the definition of “Eligible Assignee.”
Assignment and Acceptance: An assignment and acceptance entered into by a Lender and an Eligible Assignee, and accepted by the Deal Agent, in substantially the form of Exhibit A hereto (or in such other form as may be approved by the Deal Agent and the Borrower in their reasonable discretion).
Assumption Date: Defined in the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Authoritative Electronic Copy: With respect to any Contract stored in an electronic medium, the single electronic “authoritative copy” (within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC) of such Contract (i) that constitutes the single authoritative copy of the record or records comprising the related chattel paper which is unique, identifiable and, except as otherwise provided in clauses (iv), (v) and (vi) below, unalterable, (ii) that identifies Credit Acceptance as the sole assignee thereof, (iii) that is communicated to and maintained by Credit Acceptance, (iv) copies or revisions to which that add or change an identified assignee thereof can only be made with the participation of Credit Acceptance, (v) for which any copy thereof is readily identifiable as a copy that is not the authoritative copy and (vi) for which any revision of the authoritative copy is readily identifiable as an authorized or unauthorized revision.
Available Funds: With respect to any Payment Date: (i) all amounts deposited in the Collection Account and Principal Collection Account during the Collection Period (other than Dealer Collections and Repossession Expenses) that ended on the last day of the calendar month immediately preceding the calendar month in which such Payment Date occurs and investment earnings thereon; (ii) all Reserve Advances (which shall be applied in accordance with Section 2.7(c) hereof); (iii) all amounts paid by the Borrower pursuant to Section 4.5 hereof with respect to the prior Collection Period in respect of Ineligible Loans; (iv) all amounts paid under any Dealer Agreement; and (v) any other funds on deposit in the Collection Account on such date (other than Dealer Collections and Repossession Expenses).
    4



Backup Servicer: Computershare or any Person designated as a successor backup servicer following Computershare’s removal or resignation as Backup Servicer pursuant to the terms of the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Backup Servicing Agreement: The Backup Servicing Agreement, dated as of November 30, 2023, among the Backup Servicer, the Servicer, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Borrower, as the same may be amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
Backup Servicing Fee: Defined in the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Bankruptcy Code: The United States Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (11 U.S.C. § 101, et seq.), as amended from time to time.
Beneficial Ownership Certification: A certification regarding beneficial ownership to the extent required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.
Beneficial Ownership Regulation: 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.
Benefit Plan: Any employee benefit plan as defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA in respect of which the Borrower or any ERISA Affiliate of the Borrower is, or at any time during the immediately preceding six years was, an “employer” as defined in Section 3(5) of ERISA.
Borrower: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
Borrowing Group: (a) The Borrower, (b) the parent of the Borrower, (c) any affiliate or subsidiary of the Borrower, (d) the owner of any collateral securing any part of the credit or this Agreement and (e) any officer, director or agent acting on behalf of any of the parties referred to in items (a) through (c) with respect to the credit, this Agreement or any other Transaction Document.
Business Day: Any day other than a Saturday or a Sunday on which banks are not required or authorized to be closed in New York, New York; Detroit, Michigan; or St. Paul, Minnesota.
Capped Backup Servicer and Collateral Agent Expenses: In respect of any expenses and indemnities due to the Backup Servicer (in its capacity as Backup Servicer) and Collateral Agent (in its capacity as Collateral Agent), an amount not to exceed $17,000 for any Payment Date, in the aggregate.
Capped Servicing Fee: With respect to any Collection Period when the Backup Servicer has become the Servicer, the greater of (x) an amount equal to the product of (i) 8.00% and (ii) Collections received during such Collection Period and (y) $5,000.
Certificate of Title: With regard to each Financed Vehicle (i) the original certificate of title relating thereto, or copies of correspondence and application made in accordance with applicable law to the appropriate state title registration agency, and all enclosures thereto, for issuance of its original certificate of title or (ii) if the appropriate state title registration agency issues a letter or other form of evidence of Lien (whether in paper or electronic) in lieu of a certificate of title, the original lien entry letter or form or copies of correspondence and application made in accordance
    5



with applicable law to such state title registration agency, and all enclosures thereto, for issuance of the original lien entry letter or form.
Change-in-Control: Any of the following:
(a)the creation or imposition of any Lien on any limited liability company interests of the Borrower; or
(b)the failure by the Originator to own all of the issued and outstanding limited liability company interests of the Borrower.
Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall: As of the close of business on any Payment Date, the excess of the Class A Interest Distributable Amount for such Payment Date plus any outstanding Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall from the preceding Payment Date plus interest on such outstanding Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall, to the extent permitted by law, at the Class A Loan Rate from and including such preceding Payment Date to but excluding the current Payment Date, over the amount actually deposited in the Collection Account on such current Payment Date and available to pay interest on the Class A Loans.
Class A Interest Distributable Amount: With respect to any Payment Date, interest accrued from and including the 15th day of the prior month (or, in the case of the first Payment Date, the Closing Date) to but excluding the 15th day of the month in which such Payment Date occurs, at the Class A Loan Rate on the Class A Loan Balance immediately prior to such Payment Date. Interest on the Class A Loans shall be due and payable on each Payment Date and shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months.
Class A Lender: Each Person that is identified on Schedule VI as a Class A Lender, together with its respective successors and permitted assigns.
Class A Loan: A Term Loan funded by a Class A Lender.
Class A Loan Balance: Initially, $100,830,000, and thereafter the initial Class A Loan Balance reduced by all amounts allocable to principal and previously distributed to the Class A Lenders.
Class A Loan Rate: Defined in the Lender Fee Letter.
Class A Principal Distributable Amount: For any Payment Date: (A) during the Revolving Period, zero; and (B) during the Amortization Period, an amount equal to the lesser of: (i) Available Funds remaining after payment of the amounts set forth in clauses (i) through (iv) of Section 2.7(a) or clause (i) of Section 2.7(b), as applicable, hereto and (ii) the Class A Loan Balance; provided, however, on the Class A Stated Final Maturity Date, the Class A Principal Distributable Amount will equal the Class A Loan Balance.
Class A Stated Final Maturity Date: November 15, 2033.
Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall: As of the close of business on any Payment Date, the excess of the Class B Interest Distributable Amount for such Payment Date plus any outstanding
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Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall from the preceding Payment Date plus interest on such outstanding Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall, to the extent permitted by law, at the Class B Loan Rate from and including such preceding Payment Date to but excluding the current Payment Date, over the amount actually deposited in the Collection Account on such current Payment Date and available to pay interest on the Class B Loans.
Class B Interest Distributable Amount: With respect to any Payment Date, interest accrued from and including the 15th day of the prior month (or, in the case of the first Payment Date, the Closing Date) to but excluding the 15th day of the month in which such Payment Date occurs, at the Class B Loan Rate on the Class B Loan Balance immediately prior to such Payment Date. Interest on the Class B Loans shall be due and payable on each Payment Date and shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months.
Class B Lender: Each Person that is identified on Schedule VI as a Class B Lender, together with its respective successors and permitted assigns.
Class B Loan: A Term Loan funded by a Class B Lender.
Class B Loan Balance: Initially, $45,050,000, and thereafter the initial Class B Loan Balance reduced by all amounts allocable to principal and previously distributed to the Class B Lenders.
Class B Loan Rate: Defined in the Lender Fee Letter.
Class B Principal Distributable Amount: For any Payment Date: (A) during the Revolving Period, zero; and (B) during the Amortization Period, an amount equal to the lesser of: (i) the positive difference of (x) Available Funds remaining after payment of the amounts set forth in clauses (i) through (iv) of Section 2.7(a) or clause (i) of Section 2.7(b), as applicable, hereto minus (y) the Class A Principal Distributable Amount and (ii) the Class B Loan Balance; provided, however, on the Class B Stated Final Maturity Date, the Class B Principal Distributable Amount will equal the Class B Loan Balance.
Class B Stated Final Maturity Date: January 17, 2034.
Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall: As of the close of business on any Payment Date, the excess of the Class C Interest Distributable Amount for such Payment Date plus any outstanding Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall from the preceding Payment Date plus interest on such outstanding Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall, to the extent permitted by law, at the Class C Loan Rate from and including such preceding Payment Date to but excluding the current Payment Date, over the amount actually deposited in the Collection Account on such current Payment Date and available to pay interest on the Class C Loans.
Class C Interest Distributable Amount: With respect to any Payment Date, interest accrued from and including the 15th day of the prior month (or, in the case of the first Payment Date, the Closing Date) to but excluding the 15th day of the month in which such Payment Date occurs, at the Class C Loan Rate on the Class C Loan Balance immediately prior to such Payment Date. Interest on the Class C Loans shall be due and payable on each Payment Date and shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months.
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Class C Lender: Each Person that is identified on Schedule VI as a Class A Lender, together with its respective successors and permitted assigns.
Class C Loan: A Term Loan funded by a Class C Lender.
Class C Loan Balance: Initially, $54,120,000, and thereafter the initial Class C Loan Balance reduced by all amounts allocable to principal and previously distributed to the Class C Lenders.
Class C Loan Rate: Defined in the Lender Fee Letter.
Class C Principal Distributable Amount: For any Payment Date: (A) during the Revolving Period, zero; and (B) during the Amortization Period, an amount equal to the lesser of: (i) the positive difference of (x) Available Funds remaining after payment of the amounts set forth in clauses (i) through (iv) of Section 2.7(a) or clause (i) of Section 2.7(b), as applicable, hereto minus (y) the sum of the Class A Principal Distributable Amount and the Class B Principal Distributable Amount and (ii) the Class C Loan Balance; provided, however, on the Class C Stated Final Maturity Date, the Class C Principal Distributable Amount will equal the Class C Loan Balance.
Class C Stated Final Maturity Date: March 15, 2034.
Closed Pool: With respect to any Dealer Loan, a Pool as to which, pursuant to the terms of the related Dealer Agreement, no additional Dealer Loan Contracts may be allocated.
Closing Date: November 30, 2023.
Code: The United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time.
Collateral: Defined in Section 2.2(a).
Collateral Agent: Computershare, and its successors and assigns in such capacity.
Collateral Agent Fee: The fee payable by the Borrower to the Collateral Agent pursuant to Section 2.12(d) hereof in an aggregate amount equal to $2,000 on each Payment Date.
Collateral Amount: On any Payment Date, an amount equal to the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance less the aggregate of the Overconcentration Loan Amounts, after giving effect to all purchases of Loans (or the funding of any additional Dealer Loan Contracts allocated to an open pool of Dealer Loan Contracts securing a Dealer Loan) on such date. Solely for purposes of calculating the “Collateral Amount,” the determination of whether a Loan satisfies the Dealer bankruptcy or insolvency criteria applicable under the definition of “Eligible Loan” shall be made as if such Loan were sold on the date of such calculation; provided, however, that a Dealer Loan relating to a Dealer that, to the knowledge of the Servicer, has become insolvent after the sale of such Dealer Loan to the Borrower shall continue to constitute an “Eligible Dealer Loan” (assuming that such Dealer Loan would otherwise be an “Eligible Dealer Loan” on such date of determination if the applicable Dealer had not become insolvent) for purposes of calculating the “Collateral Amount” so long as (i) the characterization of such Dealer Loan as an “Eligible Dealer Loan” would not cause the percentage of the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all
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Dealer Loans relating to Dealers who are insolvent to exceed 2.5% of the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance and (ii) no bankruptcy court has entered an order (whether or not final), which order has not been vacated or overturned, stating that a person other than the Borrower (or the Servicer on the Borrower’s behalf) is entitled to receive any collections on that Dealer Loan or the Contracts relating thereto.
Collection Account: Defined in Section 6.7(a).
Collection Date: The date on which the Aggregate Unpaids have been reduced to zero and indefeasibly paid in full.
Collection Guidelines: With respect to Credit Acceptance, the policies and procedures of the Servicer relating to the collection of amounts due on contracts for the sale of automobiles and/or light-duty trucks, as in effect on the Cut-Off Date and as amended from time to time in accordance herewith and with the other Transaction Documents or as required by Applicable Law, and with respect to the Backup Servicer, as Successor Servicer, the customary servicing policies and procedures set forth in the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Collection Period: Each calendar month, except in the case of the first Collection Period, the period beginning on the Cut-Off Date to and including the last day of the calendar month in which the Closing Date occurs. Any amount stated “as of the close of business on the last day of a Collection Period” shall give effect to all collections, charge-offs, reserve adjustments and other account activity during such Collection Period.
Collections: All payments (including recoveries on Defaulted Contracts, credit-related insurance proceeds and proceeds of Related Security and so long as Credit Acceptance is the Servicer, excluding certain recovery and repossession expenses, in accordance with the terms of the Dealer Agreements and Purchase Agreements) received by the Servicer, Credit Acceptance or the Borrower on or after the Cut-Off Date in respect of the Loans and Contracts in the form of cash, checks, wire transfers or other form of payment in accordance with the Loans, the Dealer Agreements, the Purchase Agreements and the Contracts.
Commitment: For each Lender, the commitment of such Lender to make a loan to the Borrower in an amount and of the class set forth opposite such Lender’s name on Schedule VI to this Agreement.
Computershare: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
Contract: Any Dealer Loan Contract or Purchased Loan Contract.
Contract Files: With respect to each Contract, the fully executed original counterpart of the Contract or, in the case of any Contract constituting electronic chattel paper, the Authoritative Electronic Copy of the Contract (in each case, for UCC purposes), the Certificate of Title with respect to the related financed vehicle or other evidence of lien, all original or electronic instruments modifying the terms and conditions of such Contract and the original or electronic endorsements or assignments of such Contract.
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Contractual Obligation: With respect to any Person, means any provision of any securities issued by such Person or any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, contract, undertaking, agreement, instrument or other document to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound or is subject.
Contribution Agreement: The Sale and Contribution Agreement, dated as of November 30, 2023, between Credit Acceptance and the Borrower, as the same may be amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.
Corporate Trust Office: The principal office of the Collateral Agent and Backup Servicer at which at any particular time its corporate trust business shall be administered, which office at the date of the execution of this Agreement is located at 1505 Energy Park Drive, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, Attention: Computershare Corporate Trust – Asset Backed Administration, or at such other address as the Collateral Agent or Backup Servicer may designate from time to time by notice to the parties hereto, or the principal corporate trust office of any Collateral Agent or Backup Servicer at the address designated by such successor by notice to the parties hereto.
Credit Acceptance: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
Credit Acceptance Payment Account: The clearinghouse account number xxxxxx5068 maintained by Credit Acceptance at Comerica Bank, where payments received in respect of all loans and contracts are deposited or paid.
Credit Agreement: That certain Sixth Amended and Restated Credit Acceptance Corporation Credit Agreement, dated as of June 23, 2014, with Comerica Bank, as administrative agent and collateral agent, Credit Acceptance, as borrower, and the banks signatory thereto, as amended and in effect on the Closing Date. Any references herein to the Credit Agreement shall be to the Credit Agreement as in effect on the Closing Date unless otherwise consented to by the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders).
Credit Guidelines: The policies of Credit Acceptance, relating to the extension of credit to automobile and light-duty truck dealers and consumers in respect of retail installment contracts for the sale of automobiles and/or light-duty trucks, including, without limitation, the policies for determining the creditworthiness of such dealers and consumers and, relating to this extension of credit to such dealers and consumers, the maintenance of installment sale contracts, as in effect on the Cut-Off Date and as amended from time to time in accordance herewith and with the other Transaction Documents or as required by Applicable Law, attached hereto as Schedule I.
Custodian: Credit Acceptance, or any person appointed as Custodian pursuant to Section 6.2(d).
Cut-Off Date: With respect to the Loans transferred to the Borrower on the Closing Date, October 31, 2023, and with respect to the Loans transferred to the Borrower on each Addition Date, the related Additional Cut-Off Date.


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Date of Processing: With respect to any transaction relating to a Loan or a Contract, the date on which such transaction is first recorded on the Servicer’s master servicing file (without regard to the effective date of such recordation).
Deal Agent: Defined in the preamble of this Agreement.
Dealer: Any new or used automobile and/or light-duty truck dealer who has entered into a Dealer Agreement or a Purchase Agreement with Credit Acceptance.
Dealer Agreement: Each agreement between Credit Acceptance and any Dealer, in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit E.
Dealer Collections: Defined in Section 2.9(d).
Dealer Collections Purchase: Defined in Section 6.15(a).
Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement: Defined in Section 6.15(a).
Dealer Collections Purchase Price: Defined in Section 6.15(b).
Dealer Concentration Limit: With respect to the Eligible Dealer Loans and with respect to any Dealer (measured by the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of each such Dealer), an amount equal to: (A) with respect to the Closing Date, 1.5% of the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of Dealer Loans as of the initial Cut-Off Date; and (B) with respect to each Addition Date during the Revolving Period on which Dealer Loans are purchased by the Borrower, 1.5% of the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of Dealer Loans as of such Addition Date, after giving effect to all Collections from the related Collection Period and the purchase of Dealer Loans on such Addition Date; provided however, that after giving effect to the foregoing, the sum of the aggregate of the Outstanding Balances of the Eligible Dealer Loans of the top 20 Dealers (measured by the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of each such Dealer) shall not exceed 20.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of all Dealer Loans on the initial Cut-Off Date or each Addition Date during the Revolving Period on which Dealer Loans are purchased by the Borrower, as the case may be.
Dealer Loan: A group of advances made by the Originator to a Dealer in respect of an identified group of Dealer Loan Contracts, all of which secure repayment thereof, plus revenue accrued with respect to such Dealer Loan in accordance with Credit Acceptance’s then-current accounting policies, plus the amount of monies paid to the Dealer under the related Dealer Agreement (including any portfolio profit express payment that increases the balance of the related Dealer Loan), plus recoveries on such Dealer Loan that have been written off, less Collections on the related Contracts securing such Dealer Loan applied to the reduction of the balance of such Dealer Loan and less write-offs of such Dealer Loan; provided, however, that the term “Dealer Loan” shall, for the purposes of this Agreement, include only those Dealer Loans identified from time to time on Schedule IV hereto, as amended or supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.
Dealer Loan Contract: Each retail installment sales contract, in substantially one of the forms attached hereto as Exhibit F, relating to the sale of an automobile or light-duty truck
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originated by a Dealer and in which Credit Acceptance shall have been granted a security interest and shall have acquired certain other rights under a related Dealer Agreement to secure the related dealer’s obligation to repay one or more related Dealer Loans.
Defaulted Contract: A Contract shall be deemed a Defaulted Contract no later than the earlier of (x) the day it becomes 90 days delinquent, based on the date the last payment thereon was received by the Servicer and (y) the day on which an auction check is posted to the relevant account.
Determination Date: The fourth (4th) Business Day prior to the related Payment Date.
Eligible Assignee: (a) Any Lender or an Affiliate of any Lender; (b) any Person (other than a natural person) that is engaged in the business of making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial term loans in the ordinary course of its business, provided that such Person is administered or managed by a Lender, an Affiliate of a Lender or an entity or Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender (an “Approved Fund”); or (c) any other Person (other than a natural person) approved by (i) the Required Lenders and (ii) unless a Termination Event has occurred and is continuing or such assignment is to any Federal Reserve Bank, the Borrower (each such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed); provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, “Eligible Assignee” shall not include the Borrower, or any of the Borrower’s Affiliates or Subsidiaries.
Eligible Contract: Each Eligible Dealer Loan Contract and each Eligible Purchased Loan Contract.
Eligible Dealer Agreement: Each Dealer Agreement:
(a)    which was originated by the Originator in material compliance with all applicable requirements of law and which complies in all material respects with all applicable requirements of law;
(b)     with respect to which all material consents, licenses, approvals or authorizations of, or registrations or declarations with, any Governmental Authority required to be obtained, effected or given by the Borrower, Credit Acceptance or the Servicer in connection with the origination of such Dealer Agreement or the execution, delivery and performance by the Borrower, Credit Acceptance or the Servicer of such Dealer Agreement have been duly obtained, effected or given and are in full force and effect;
(c)as to which at the time of the transfer of rights thereunder to the Collateral Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties, the Borrower will have good and marketable title thereto, free and clear of all Liens;
(d)the Borrower’s rights under which have been the subject of a valid grant by the Borrower of a first priority perfected security interest in such rights and in the proceeds thereof in favor of the Collateral Agent;

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(e)which will at all times be the legal, valid and binding obligation of the Dealer party thereto (it being understood that recourse for such payment obligation shall be limited to the extent set forth in the Dealer Agreement), enforceable against such Dealer in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws, now or hereafter in effect, affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general and except as such enforceability may be limited by general principles of equity (whether considered in a suit at law or in equity);
(f)which constitutes either a “general intangible” or “chattel paper” under and as defined in Article 9 of the UCC;
(g)which, at the time of the pledge of the rights to payment thereunder to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, no right to payment thereunder has been waived or modified;
(h)which is not subject to any right of rescission, setoff, counterclaim or other defense (including the defense of usury), other than defenses arising out of applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general;
(i)as to which Credit Acceptance, the Servicer and the Borrower have satisfied in all material respects all obligations to be fulfilled at the time the rights to payment thereunder are pledged to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties;
(j)as to which the related Dealer has not asserted that such agreement is void or unenforceable in any legal proceedings not being contested in good faith;
(k)as to which the related Dealer is not known to be bankrupt or insolvent, subject to the proviso related to the definition of “Collateral Amount” with respect to bankruptcy and insolvency of Dealers;
(l)as to which the related Dealer is not an Affiliate of or an executive of Credit Acceptance or an Affiliate of Credit Acceptance;
(m)as to which the related Dealer is located in the United States; and
(n)as to which none of Credit Acceptance, the Servicer or the Borrower has done anything, at the time of its pledge to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, to materially impair the rights of the Collateral Agent or the other Secured Parties therein.
Eligible Dealer Loan: Each Dealer Loan, at the time of its transfer to the Borrower under the Contribution Agreement:
(a)    which has arisen under a Dealer Agreement that, on the day the Dealer Loan was created, qualified as an Eligible Dealer Agreement;
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(b)    which was created in material compliance with all applicable requirements of law and pursuant to an Eligible Dealer Agreement which complies in all material respects with all applicable requirements of law;
(c)     with respect to which all material consents, licenses, approvals or authorizations of, or registrations or declarations with, any Governmental Authority required to be obtained, effected or given by the Borrower, in connection with the creation of such Dealer Loan or the execution, delivery and performance by the Borrower, of the related Eligible Dealer Agreement have been duly obtained, effected or given and are in full force and effect;
(d)     as to which at the time of the pledge of such Dealer Loan to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, the Borrower will have good and marketable title thereto, free and clear of all Liens;
(e)    as to which a valid first priority perfected security interest in such Dealer Loan, related security and in the Proceeds thereof has been granted by the Originator in favor of the Borrower and by the Borrower in favor of the Collateral Agent;
(f)    which will at all times be the legal, valid and binding payment obligation of the Obligor thereof (it being understood that recourse for such payment obligation shall be limited to the extent set forth in the Dealer Agreement), enforceable against such Obligor in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws, now or hereafter in effect, affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general and except as such enforceability may be limited by general principles of equity (whether considered in a suit at law or in equity);
(g)    which constitutes a “general intangible” under and as defined in Article 9 of the UCC as in effect in the relevant State;
(h)    which is denominated and payable in United States dollars;
(i)    which, at the time of its pledge to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, has not been waived or modified;
(j)    which is not subject to any right of rescission (subject to the rights of the related Dealer to repay the outstanding balance of the Dealer Loan and terminate the related Dealer Agreement), setoff, counterclaim or other defense (including the defense of usury), other than defenses arising out of applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general;
(k)    as to which Credit Acceptance, the Servicer and the Borrower have satisfied all material obligations to be fulfilled at the time it is pledged to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties;
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(l)    as to which the related Dealer has not asserted that the related Dealer Agreement is void or unenforceable in any legal proceeding not being contested in good faith;
(m)    as to which the related Dealer is not known to be bankrupt or insolvent, subject to the proviso related to the definition of “Collateral Amount” with respect to bankruptcy and insolvency of Dealers;
(n)    as to which none of Credit Acceptance, the Servicer or the Borrower has done anything, at the time of its pledge to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties, to materially impair the rights of the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties;
(o)    the proceeds of which were generally used to finance the purchases of new or used automobiles and/or light-duty trucks and related products;
(p)    if any Dealer Loan Contract securing such Dealer Loan is an electronic contract, such electronic contract constitutes “electronic chattel paper” and there is only a single “authoritative copy” (as such terms are used in Section 9-105 of the UCC) of such electronic contract and such “authoritative copy” constitutes an Authoritative Electronic Copy;
(q)    if any Dealer Loan Contract securing such Dealer Loan constitutes electronic chattel paper, Credit Acceptance shall have “control” of such electronic chattel paper within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC; and
(r)    which has not been originated in, and is not subject to the laws of, any jurisdiction under which the sale, transfer and assignment of such Dealer Loan under this Agreement or pursuant to the transfer of the related Dealer Loan Contract shall be unlawful, void or voidable.
Eligible Dealer Loan Contract: Each Dealer Loan Contract which, at the time of its pledge by the applicable Dealer to the Originator, satisfied the requirements for “Qualifying Receivable” set forth in the related Dealer Agreement; provided, however, that an Eligible Dealer Loan Contract that has become subject to the payment of a Release Price pursuant to Section 4.5(a) hereof (regardless of whether such payment is actually paid) shall not constitute an “Eligible Contract.”
Eligible Loans: The Eligible Dealer Loans and Eligible Purchased Loans.
Eligible Purchased Loan Contract: Each Purchased Loan Contract which at the time of its purchase from the applicable Dealer by the Originator, evidenced an Eligible Purchased Loan; provided, however, that an Eligible Purchased Loan Contract that has become subject to the payment of a Release Price pursuant to Section 4.5(a) hereof (regardless of whether such payment is actually paid) shall not constitute an “Eligible Contract.”
Eligible Purchased Loans: Each Purchased Loan, at the time of its transfer to the Borrower under the Contribution Agreement:
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(a)which has been originated in the United States by a Dealer for the retail sale of a Financed Vehicle and related products in the ordinary course of such Dealer’s business and is evidenced by a fully and properly executed Purchased Loan Contract of which there is only one original executed copy (or, if such Purchased Loan Contract is an electronic contract, there is only a single “authoritative copy” (as such term is used in Section 9-105 of the UCC) of such electronic contract and such “authoritative copy” constitutes an Authoritative Electronic Copy);
(b)which creates a valid, subsisting, and enforceable first priority security interest for the benefit of the Originator in the Financed Vehicle, which security interest has been, in turn, assigned by the Originator to the Borrower, and by the Borrower to the Collateral Agent;
(c)which contains customary and enforceable provisions such that the rights and remedies of the holder thereof shall be adequate for realization against the collateral of the benefits of the security;
(d)which provides for, in the event that such Purchased Loan is prepaid in full, a prepayment that fully pays the Outstanding Balance of such Purchased Loan (net of all rebates for the unused portion of any ancillary products and net of all unearned finance charges);
(e)which was created in material compliance with all applicable requirements of law;
(f)which will at all times be the legal, valid and binding payment obligation of the Obligor thereof, enforceable against such Obligor in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws, now or hereafter in effect, affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general and except as such enforceability may be limited by general principles of equity (whether considered in a suit at law or in equity);
(g)which is not subject to any right of rescission, setoff, counterclaim or other defense (including the defense of usury), other than defenses arising out of applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights in general;
(h)with respect to which the Obligor thereon is not the United States, any State or any agency, department, or instrumentality of the United States or any State;
(i)with respect to which the Obligor thereon is a natural person;
(j)with respect to which, to the best of the Originator’s knowledge, no liens or claims have been filed for work, labor, materials, taxes or liens that arise out of operation of law relating to the applicable Financed Vehicle that are prior to, or equal with, the security interest in the Financed Vehicle granted by the related Purchased Loan Contract;
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(k)with respect to which, to the best of the Originator’s knowledge, there was no material misrepresentation by the Obligor thereon on such Obligor’s credit application;
(l)which has not been originated in, and is not subject to the laws of, any jurisdiction under which the sale, transfer and assignment of such Purchased Loan under this Agreement or pursuant to the transfer of the related Purchased Loan Contract shall be unlawful, void or voidable;
(m)which (i) constitutes either “tangible chattel paper,” “electronic chattel paper” or a “payment intangible” each as defined in the UCC in the relevant State, (ii) if “tangible chattel paper,” shall be maintained in its original “tangible” form, unless the Deal Agent has consented in writing to such chattel paper being maintained in another form or medium, and (iii) if “electronic chattel paper,” there is only a single “authoritative copy” (as such term is used in Section 9-105 of the UCC) and such “authoritative copy” constitutes an Authoritative Electronic Copy;
(n)which is payable in United States dollars and the Obligor thereon is an individual who is a United States resident;
(o)which satisfies in all material respects the requirements under the Credit Guidelines;
(p)with respect to which the collection practices used with respect thereto have complied in all material respects with the Collection Guidelines;
(q)with respect to which the Originator has duly fulfilled all material obligations to be fulfilled on the lender’s part under or in connection with the origination, acquisition and assignment of such Purchased Loan, including, without limitation, giving any notices or consents necessary to effect the acquisition of such Purchased Loan by the Borrower, and has done nothing to materially impair the rights of the Borrower, or the Secured Parties in payments with respect thereto;
(r)which was purchased by the Originator from a Dealer pursuant to a Purchase Agreement or, in the case of any Purchased Loan Contract that previously secured a Dealer Loan, another agreement with the applicable Dealer;
(s)with respect to which the Dealer from whom the Originator purchased such Purchased Loan has not engaged in any conduct constituting fraud or material misrepresentation with respect to such Purchased Loan to the best of the Originator’s knowledge;
(t)with respect to which, at the time such Purchased Loan was originated the proceeds thereof were fully disbursed and there is no requirement for future advances thereunder, and all fees and expenses in connection with the origination of such Purchased Loan have been paid;
(u)with respect to which, if applicable State law requires or permits the Servicer to hold the certificate of title in respect of a Financed Vehicle financed by a
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Purchased Loan Contract, the Servicer holds the certificate of title (or if an electronic certificate of title is issued in lieu of a paper certificate of title by the relevant governmental department or agency, Credit Acceptance is listed as lienholder on such electronic certificate of title) or the application for a certificate of title for the related Financed Vehicle as of the date on which the related Purchased Loan Contract is sold to the Borrower and will obtain within 180 days of such date a certificate of title (or ensure that an electronic certificate of title is issued in lieu of a paper certificate of title by the relevant governmental department or agency on which Credit Acceptance is listed as lienholder) with respect to such Financed Vehicle as to which the Servicer holds only such application;
(v)with respect to which the related Purchased Loan Contract has not been extended, rewritten or amended (other than as reflected in the related Contract File) and is not subject to any forbearance, or any other modified payment plan, in each case, other than in accordance with the Credit Guidelines or the Collection Guidelines or otherwise in accordance with Applicable Law;
(w)if the related Purchased Loan Contract constitutes electronic chattel paper, with respect to which Credit Acceptance shall have “control” of such electronic chattel paper within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC; and
(x)if such Purchased Loan was originated in the states of Pennsylvania or Maryland, the Borrower shall have obtained all applicable state consumer lending licenses by the ninetieth (90th) day following the Closing Date.
ERISA: The United States Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time, and the regulations promulgated and rulings issued thereunder.
ERISA Affiliate: (a) Any corporation that is a member of the same controlled group of corporations (within the meaning of Section 414(b) of the Code) as the Borrower, (b) a trade or business (whether or not incorporated) under common control (within the meaning of Section 414(c) of the Code) with the Borrower, or (c) a member of the same affiliated service group (within the meaning of Section 414(m) of the Code) as the Borrower, any corporation described in clause (a) above or any trade or business described in clause (b) above.
Excess Reserve Amount: With respect to any Payment Date, the excess, if any, of the amount on deposit in the Reserve Account over the Required Reserve Account Amount.
Exchange Act: The United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Excluded Dealer Agreement Rights: With respect to any Dealer Agreement, the rights of Credit Acceptance thereunder related to loans made to the related Dealer which are not Dealer Loans pledged by the Borrower to the Collateral Agent hereunder, including rights of set-off and rights of indemnification, related to such Dealer Loans.
FATCA: Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code and any fiscal or regulatory legislation,
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rules or practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement, treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities and implementing such Sections of the Code.
FATCA Withholding Tax: Any tax withholding or deduction required pursuant to FATCA.
Final Score: The final output from the Originator’s proprietary credit scoring process.
Financed Vehicle: With respect to a Contract, any new or used automobile, light-duty truck, minivan or sport utility vehicle, together with all accessories thereto, securing the related Obligor’s indebtedness thereunder.
Forecasted Collections: A forecast that is made by Credit Acceptance in accordance with its forecasting models at the end of each calendar month of the expected amount of cash to be received with respect to all Loans (including any additional Loans expected to be purchased by the Borrower in the succeeding calendar month). The Forecasted Collections as of the Closing Date are set forth on Schedule V.
GAAP: Generally accepted accounting principles as in effect from time to time in the United States.
Governmental Authority: Any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof, any central bank (or similar monetary or regulatory authority) thereof, any body or entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, regulatory or administrative functions of or pertaining to government and any court or arbitrator having jurisdiction over such Person, and any accounting board or authority (whether or not a part of government) which is responsible for the establishment or interpretation of national or international accounting principles, in each case whether foreign or domestic.
Increased Costs: Any amounts required to be paid by the Borrower to an Affected Party pursuant to Section 2.13.
Indemnified Amounts: Defined in Section 11.1(a).
Indemnified Parties: Defined in Section 11.1(a).
Independent Director: Defined in Section 5.2(o)(xxvii).
Ineligible Contract: Each Contract other than an Eligible Contract.
Ineligible Loan: Each Loan other than an Eligible Loan.
Initial Loan Amount: With respect to (i) the Class A Loans, the initial Class A Loan Balance, (ii) the Class B Loans, the initial Class B Loan Balance and (iii) the Class C Loans, the Class C Note Balance. As the context requires, “Initial Loan Amount” may refer to the foregoing amounts individually or collectively, and when used in respect of one or more Lenders, may refer to such Lender’s share of any such amounts.

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Insolvency Event: With respect to a specified Person, (a) the filing of a decree or order for relief by a court having jurisdiction in the premises in respect of such Person or any substantial part of its property in an involuntary case under any applicable Insolvency Law now or hereafter in effect, or appointing a receiver, liquidator, assignee, custodian, trustee, sequestrator or similar official for such Person or for any substantial part of its property, or ordering the winding-up or liquidation of such Person’s affairs, and such decree or order shall remain unstayed and in effect for a period of 60 consecutive days; or (b) the commencement by such Person of a voluntary case under any applicable Insolvency Law now or hereafter in effect, or the consent by such Person to the entry of an order for relief in an involuntary case under any such law, or the consent by such Person to the appointment of or taking possession by a receiver, liquidator, assignee, custodian, trustee, sequestrator or similar official for such Person or for any substantial part of its property, or the making by such Person of any general assignment for the benefit of creditors, or the failure by such Person generally to pay its debts as such debts become due, or the taking of action by such Person in furtherance of any of the foregoing.
Insolvency Laws: The Bankruptcy Code and all other applicable liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, suspension of payments, or similar debtor relief laws from time to time in effect affecting the rights of creditors generally.
Insolvency Proceeding: Any case, action or proceeding before any court or other Governmental Authority relating to any Insolvency Event.
Instrument: Any “instrument” (as defined in Article 9 of the UCC), other than an instrument that constitutes part of chattel paper.
Intercreditor Agreement: The Amended and Restated Intercreditor Agreement, dated as of November 30, 2023, among the Borrower, Credit Acceptance, the Collateral Agent, the other signatories thereto and each other person who becomes a party thereto after the date thereof, as further amended, amended and restated, or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with its terms.
Investment: With respect to any Person, any direct or indirect loan, advance or investment by such Person in any other Person, whether by means of share purchase, capital contribution, loan or otherwise, excluding the acquisition of assets pursuant to the Contribution Agreement and excluding commission, travel and similar advances to officers, employees and directors made in the ordinary course of business.
Investment Company Act: The United States Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
Late Fees: If the Backup Servicer has become the Successor Servicer, any late fees collected with respect to any Contract in accordance with the Collection Guidelines.
Lender Fee Letter: The Fee Letter, dated as of November 30, 2023, among the Borrower and the Lenders named therein.
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Lender Tax Identification Information: Information and/or properly completed and signed tax certifications sufficient to eliminate the imposition of or determine the amount of any withholding of tax, including FATCA Withholding Tax, determine that such recipient of payment has complied with such recipient’s obligations under FATCA or otherwise allow the Collateral Agent and/or the Deal Agent to comply with their respective obligations under FATCA.
Lenders: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement. As the context requires, “Lender” or “Lenders” may include one or more of any of the Class A Lenders, Class B Lenders or Class C Lenders or all of the Class A Lenders, Class B Lenders and Class C Lenders, collectively.
Lien: With respect to any Loan, Dealer Agreement or Contract, any mortgage, lien, pledge, charge, security interest or encumbrance of any kind (other than any Permitted Lien, mechanics’ liens, liens of collection attorneys or agents collecting the property subject to such Permitted Lien or mechanics’ lien and any liens which attach thereto by operation of law).
Loan: Any Dealer Loan or Purchased Loan.
Material Adverse Effect: With respect to any event or circumstance, means a material adverse effect on (a) the business, condition (financial or otherwise), operations, performance, properties or prospects of the Originator, the Servicer or the Borrower, (b) the validity, enforceability or collectibility of this Agreement or any other Transaction Document or the validity, enforceability or collectibility of the Loans, (c) the rights and remedies of the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or the Secured Parties, (d) the ability of the Borrower, the Originator or the Servicer to perform its obligations under this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, or (e) the status, existence, perfection, priority or enforceability of the Collateral Agent’s or any Secured Party’s interest in the Collateral.
Material Debt: Defined in Section 6.11(h).
Minimum Collateral Amount: On any Payment Date during the Revolving Period, an amount equal to the Aggregate Term Loan Balance (after giving effect to payments thereon on such Payment Date) divided by the Net Advance Rate.
Minimum Forecasted Collections Amount: On any Payment Date during the Revolving Period, an amount equal to the Aggregate Term Loan Balance (after giving effect to payments thereon on such Payment Date) divided by 60%.
Minimum Weighted Average Spread Rate: 22.0%.
Monthly Report: Defined in Section 6.5(a).
Moody’s: Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., and any successor thereto.
Multiemployer Plan: A “multiemployer plan” as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA that is or was at any time during the current year or the immediately preceding five years contributed to by the Borrower or any ERISA Affiliate on behalf of its employees.
Net Advance Rate: 80%.
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Notes: The Notes of the Borrower evidencing the Class A Loans, the Class B Loans and the Class C Loans made hereunder, issued to the Lenders pursuant to Section 2.1 hereof and substantially in the form attached as Exhibit D-1, Exhibit D-2 and Exhibit D-3 hereto, as applicable.
Obligor: With respect to any Loan, Dealer Agreement or Contract, the Person or Persons obligated to make payments with respect to such Loan, Dealer Agreement or Contract, respectively, including any guarantor thereof.
OFAC: The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control.
Officer’s Certificate: A certificate signed by any officer of the Borrower or the Servicer, as the case may be, and delivered to the Collateral Agent or the Backup Servicer.
Open Pool: With respect to any Dealer Loan, a Pool as to which, pursuant to the terms of the related Dealer Agreement, additional Dealer Loan Contracts may be allocated.
Opinion of Counsel: An opinion of counsel, which opinion and counsel are reasonably acceptable to the recipient thereof.
Original Advance Rate: With respect to any Dealer, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, where the numerator is equal to the sum of the Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Loans of such Dealer on the dates such Eligible Loans were originated and the denominator is equal to the sum of payments due under all Eligible Contracts related to such Dealer on their dates of origination.
Originator: Defined in the preamble of this Agreement.
Outstanding Balance:
(i)With respect to any Contract on any date of determination, all amounts owing under such Contract (whether considered principal or as finance charges) on such date of determination, which shall be deemed to have been created at the end of the day on the Date of Processing of such Contract and which shall be greater than or equal to zero;
(ii)with respect to any Dealer Loan on any date of determination, the aggregate amount advanced under such Dealer Loan plus revenue accrued with respect to such Dealer Loan based on the current forecasted adjusted loan yield in accordance with Credit Acceptance’s adjusted accounting policies, plus the amount of monies paid to a Dealer under the related Dealer Agreement (including any portfolio profit express payment), less Collections on the related Dealer Loan Contracts securing such Dealer Loan applied through such date of determination;
(iii)with respect to any Purchased Loan (other than any Purchased Loan arising from a Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement) on any date of determination, the aggregate amount advanced under such Purchased Loan plus revenue accrued with respect to such Purchased Loan based on the current forecasted adjusted loan yield in accordance with Credit Acceptance’s adjusted
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policies, less Collections on the related Purchased Loan Contract applied through the date of determination; and
(iv)with respect to any Purchased Loan arising from a Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement on any date of determination, (A) such Purchased Loan’s pro rata share of the sum of (x) the Outstanding Balance of the related Dealer Loan as of the date of the related Dealer Collections Purchase and (y) the Dealer Collections Purchase Price with respect to such Dealer Loan (such pro rata share determined based on such Purchased Loan’s pro rata share of the forecasted Collections on the pool of Purchased Loan Contracts which previously constituted Dealer Loan Contracts securing such Dealer Loan), plus (B) following the acquisition of such Purchased Loan, revenue accrued with respect to such Purchased Loan based on the current forecasted adjusted loan yield in accordance with Credit Acceptance’s adjusted accounting policies, less (C) Collections on the related Purchased Loan Contract applied through the date of determination.
Overconcentration Loan Amount: With respect to any Dealer (or the 20 largest Dealers (measured by the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of each such Dealer) in the aggregate), the amount by which the Outstanding Balance of such Dealer’s Eligible Dealer Loans (or the 20 largest Dealers’ (measured by the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of each such Dealer) Eligible Dealer Loans in the aggregate), as of the Closing Date or any Addition Date during the Revolving Period on which the Borrower purchases one or more Dealer Loans, as the case may be, exceeds the applicable Dealer Concentration Limit.
Participant Register: Defined in Section 13.1(e) of this Agreement.
Patriot Act: Defined in Section 4.1(z) of this Agreement.
Payment Date: The fifteenth (15th) day of each calendar month or, if such day is not a Business Day, the next succeeding Business Day, beginning in December 2023.
Permitted Investments: Any one or more of the following types of investments:
(a)marketable obligations of the United States, the full and timely payment of which are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States of America and that have a maturity of not more than 270 days from the date of acquisition;
(b)marketable obligations, the full and timely payment of which are directly and fully guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the United States and that have a maturity of not more than 270 days from the date of acquisition;
(c)bankers’ acceptances and certificates of deposit and other interest-bearing obligations (in each case having a maturity of not more than 270 days from the date of acquisition) denominated in dollars and issued by any bank with capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating at least $100,000,000, the short-term obligations of which are rated at least A-1 by S&P and P-1 by Moody’s;
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(d)repurchase obligations with a term of not more than ten days for underlying securities of the types described in clauses (a), (b) and (c) above entered into with any bank of the type described in clause (c) above;
(e)commercial paper rated at least A-1 by S&P and P-1 by Moody’s;
(f)demand deposits, time deposits or certificates of deposit (having original maturities of no more than 365 days) of depository institutions or trust companies incorporated under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof (or domestic branches of any foreign bank) and subject to supervision and examination by federal or state banking or depository institution authorities; provided, however that at the time such investment, or the commitment to make such investment, is entered into, the short-term debt rating of such depository institution or trust company shall be at least A-1 by S&P and P-1 by Moody’s; and
(g)money market mutual funds (including funds for which the Collateral Agent may act as a sponsor or advisor or for which the Collateral Agent may receive fee income) having a rating, at the time of such investment, from S&P or Moody’s in the highest investment category granted thereby.
Each of the Permitted Investments may be purchased by the Collateral Agent or through an Affiliate of the Collateral Agent.
Permitted Liens: Liens for state, municipal or other local taxes if such taxes shall not at the time be due and payable and Liens granted pursuant to the Transaction Documents and with respect to the Dealer Loan Contracts, the second priority lien of the related Dealer therein as set forth in the related Dealer Agreement.
Person: An individual, partnership, corporation (including a business trust), limited liability company, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated association, sole proprietorship, joint venture, government (or any agency or political subdivision thereof) or other entity.
Pool: An identifiable group of Dealer Loan Contracts related to a particular Dealer Agreement identified on Schedule IV hereto, which, for the avoidance of doubt, may take the form of an Open Pool or Closed Pool at the time it is pledged hereunder.
Principal Collection Account: Defined in Section 6.7(a).
Proceeds: With respect to any portion of the Collateral, all “proceeds” as such term is defined in Article 9 of the UCC, including, whatever is receivable or received when such portion of Collateral is sold, liquidated, foreclosed, exchanged, or otherwise disposed of, whether such disposition is voluntary or involuntary, and includes all rights to payment with respect to any insurance relating thereto.
Purchase Agreement: Each agreement between Credit Acceptance and any Dealer in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit G, together with any Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement.
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Purchase Amount: With respect to the Loans and any optional purchase pursuant to Section 2.16, an amount equal to the product of (x) the aggregate Outstanding Balance of such Loans as of the last day of the related Collection Period and (y) the Net Advance Rate in effect on the date of such payment.
Purchased Loan: A motor vehicle retail installment loan relating to the sale of an automobile or light-duty truck originated by a Dealer, purchased by the Originator from such Dealer and evidenced by a Purchased Loan Contract; provided, however, that the term “Purchased Loan” shall, for purposes of this Agreement, include only those Purchased Loans identified from time to time on Schedule IV hereto.
Purchased Loan Contract: Each motor vehicle retail installment sales contract, in substantially one of the forms attached hereto as Exhibit F, relating to a Purchased Loan.
Qualified Institution: Defined in Section 6.7(a).
Records: The Dealer Agreements, Contracts, Contract Files and all other documents, books, records and other information (including, without limitation, computer programs, tapes, discs, punch cards, data processing software and related contracts, records and other media for storage of information) in each case whether tangible or electronic that are maintained with respect to the Loans and the Contracts and the related Obligors.
Register: Defined in Section 13.1(c).
Related Security: With respect to any Loan, all of Credit Acceptance’s and the Borrower’s interest in:
(i)the Dealer Agreements (other than Excluded Dealer Agreement Rights, but including Credit Acceptance’s rights to service the Loans and the related Contracts and receive the related collection fee and receive reimbursement of certain repossession and recovery expenses, in accordance with the terms of the Dealer Agreements) and Contracts securing payment of such Loan;
(ii)all security interests or liens purporting to secure payment of such Loan, whether pursuant to such Loan, the related Dealer Agreement or otherwise, together with all financing statements signed by the related Obligor describing any collateral securing such Loan and all other property obtained upon foreclosure of any security interest securing payment of such Loan or any related Contract;
(iii)all guarantees, insurance or other agreements or arrangements of any kind from time to time supporting or securing payment of each Contract whether pursuant to such Contract or otherwise, including any of the foregoing relating to any Contract securing payment of such Loan;
(iv)all of the Borrower’s interest in all Records, documents and writing evidencing or related to such Loan;
(v)all rights of recovery of the Borrower against the Originator;
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(vi)all Collections (other than Dealer Collections), the Collection Account, the Reserve Account, and all amounts on deposit therein and investments thereof;
(vii)all of the Borrower’s right, title and interest in and to the Contribution Agreement and the assignment to the Collateral Agent of all UCC financing statements filed by the Borrower against the Originator under or in connection with the Contribution Agreement; and
(viii)the Proceeds of each of the foregoing.
For the avoidance of doubt, the term “Related Security” with respect to any Dealer Loan includes all rights arising under such Dealer Loan which rights are attributable to advances made under such Dealer Loan as the result of such Dealer Loan being secured by an Open Pool on the date such Dealer Loan was sold and Dealer Loan Contracts being added to such Open Pool.
Release Date: Defined in Section 4.5(b).
Release Price: Defined in Section 4.5(a).
Repossession Expenses: For any Collection Period, any expenses payable pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, incurred by the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer, in connection with the liquidation or repossession of any Financed Vehicle, in an aggregate amount not to exceed the cash proceeds received by the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer, from the disposition of the Financed Vehicles.
Required Lenders: At any time of determination, (i) for so long as the Class A Loan Balance exceeds zero, Class A Lenders having at least 66 2/3% of the Class A Loan Balance at such time, (ii) if the Class A Loan Balance is zero at such time, Class B Lenders having at least 66 2/3% of the Class B Loan Balance at such time or (iii) if the Class A Loan Balance and the Class B Loan Balance are both zero at such time, Class C Lenders having at least 66 2/3% of the Class C Loan Balance at such time; provided, however, that for so long as Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company and/or their respective affiliates constitute the only Class A Lenders, Class B Lenders or Class C Lenders, as applicable, then the Required Lenders for any of the foregoing clauses (i) through (iii) shall be Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, collectively.
Required Reserve Account Amount: With respect to any Payment Date, an amount equal to the lesser of (a) 2.00% of the aggregate Initial Loan Amounts and (b) the Aggregate Term Loan Balance on such Payment Date, after giving effect to the payment of principal on such Payment Date.
Reserve Account: Defined in Section 6.7(a).
Reserve Advance: Defined in Section 2.7(c)(i).
Responsible Officer: As to any Person any officer of such Person (who, in the case of the Collateral Agent or Backup Servicer, is an officer within the Corporate Trust Office) with direct
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responsibility for the administration of this Agreement and also, with respect to a particular matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because of such officer’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject.
Retransfer Amount: Defined in Section 4.5(b).
Revolving Period: The period commencing on the Closing Date and ending upon the commencement of the Amortization Period.
S&P: S&P Global Ratings, and any successor thereto.
Sanction or Sanctions: Any and all economic or financial sanctions, sectoral sanctions, secondary sanctions, trade embargoes and restrictions and anti-terrorism laws imposed, administered or enforced from time to time by: (a) the United States of America, including those administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Commerce, or through any existing or future statute or Executive Order, (b) the United Nations Security Council, (c) the European Union, (d) the United Kingdom or (e) any other governmental authority with jurisdiction over Borrower or any member of the Borrowing Group.
Sanctioned Country: Any country subject to a sanctions program identified on the list maintained by OFAC and available at http://www.treas.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/programs, or as otherwise published from time to time.
Sanctioned Person: (i) a Person named on the list of “Specially Designated Nationals” or “Blocked Persons” maintained by OFAC available at http://www.treas.gov/offices/enforcement/
ofac/sdn, or as otherwise published from time to time, or (ii) (a) an agency of the government of a Sanctioned Country, (b) an organization controlled by a Sanctioned Country or (c) a Person resident in a Sanctioned Country, to the extent subject to a sanctions program administered by OFAC.
Sanctioned Target: Any target of Sanctions, including: (a) Persons on any list of targets identified or designated pursuant to any Sanctions, (b) Persons, countries or territories that are the target of any territorial or country-based Sanctions program, (c) Persons that are a target of Sanctions due to their ownership or control by any Sanctioned Target(s) or (d) otherwise a target of Sanctions, including vessels and aircraft, that are designated under any Sanctions program.
Scheduled Amortization Date: With respect to all of the Term Loans, the close of business on the December 2025 Payment Date.
SEC: The United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
Secured Parties: The Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and each Lender.
Securities Act: The United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
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Servicer: Credit Acceptance, the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer or any other Successor Servicer, appointed in accordance with the terms hereof as the Servicer of the Loans and Contracts.
Servicer Termination Event: Defined in Section 6.11.
Servicer Termination Notice: Defined in Section 6.11.
Servicer Expenses: Any expenses incurred by the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer hereunder, other than Repossession Expenses or Transition Expenses.
Servicing Fee: For each Payment Date, a fee payable to the Servicer for services rendered during the related Collection Period, equal to: (i) so long as Credit Acceptance is the Servicer, the product of (A) 4.00% and (B) the total Collections for the related Collection Period and (ii) if the Backup Servicer is the Servicer, the sum of (1) the greatest of: (a) the product of 8.0% and the total Collections for the related Collection Period, (b) the actual costs incurred by the Backup Servicer as Successor Servicer, and (c) the product of (x) $30.00 and (y) the aggregate number of Contracts serviced by it during the related Collection Period, plus (2) without duplication, Late Fees and Servicer Expenses; provided, however, with respect to each Payment Date on which the Backup Servicer is the Servicer, the Servicing Fee shall be at least equal to $5,000.
Solvent: As to any Person at any time, having a state of affairs such that all of the following conditions are met: (a) the fair value of the property of such Person is greater than the amount of such Person’s liabilities (including disputed, contingent and unliquidated liabilities) as such value is established and liabilities evaluated for purposes of Section 101(32) of the Bankruptcy Code; (b) the present fair salable value of the property of such Person in an orderly liquidation of such Person is not less than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of such Person on its debts as they become absolute and matured; (c) such Person is able to realize upon its property and pay its debts and other liabilities (including disputed, contingent and unliquidated liabilities) as they mature in the normal course of business; (d) such Person does not intend to, and does not believe that it will, incur debts or liabilities beyond such Person’s ability to pay as such debts and liabilities mature; and (e) such Person is not engaged in business or a transaction, and is not about to engage in business or a transaction, for which such Person’s property would constitute unreasonably small capital.
Subsidiary: A corporation, limited liability company or other entity of which the Originator and/or its Subsidiaries own, directly or indirectly, such number of outstanding shares as have more than 50% of the ordinary voting power for the election of directors or other persons performing similar functions.
Successor Servicer: Defined in Section 6.12(a).
Taxes: Any present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), charges, assessments or fees of any nature (including interest, penalties, and additions thereto) that are imposed by any Governmental Authority.
Termination Date: With respect to each Lender, the date of the occurrence or declaration of the Termination Date pursuant to Section 10.2.
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Term Loan: Defined in Section 2.1(a). As the context requires, “Term Loan” includes (i) any loan or loans made by a single Lender and (ii) any or all loans by one or more Lenders.
Termination Event: Defined in Section 10.1.
Transaction Documents: This Agreement, the Contribution Agreement, the Backup Servicing Agreement, the Intercreditor Agreement and any additional document the execution of which is necessary or incidental to carrying out the terms of the foregoing documents.
Transition Expenses: If the Backup Servicer has become the Successor Servicer, the sum of: (i) reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the Backup Servicer in connection with its assumption of the servicing obligations hereunder, related to travel, Obligor welcome letters, freight and file shipping plus (ii) a boarding fee equal to the product of $7.50 and the number of Contracts to be serviced.
Trust Accounts: The Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account and the Reserve Account.
UCC: The Uniform Commercial Code as from time to time in effect in the applicable jurisdiction or jurisdictions.
United States or U.S.: The United States of America.
Unmatured Termination Event: Any event that, with the giving of notice or the lapse of time, or both, would become a Termination Event.
Unsatisfactory Audit: The occurrence of any audit exceptions resulting from any audit, inspection or review pursuant to Section 6.1(c), Section 6.2(e) or Section 6.9, which, in the reasonable judgment of the Deal Agent, would have a material adverse effect on the ability of the Servicer to identify and allocate Collections.
Upfront Fee: Defined in the Lender Fee Letter.
Weighted Average Final Score: With respect to each Payment Date during the Revolving Period, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, where (i) the numerator is equal to the aggregate for all Dealers of the product of (a) the Final Score of each Dealer and (b) the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Loans for such Dealer and (ii) the denominator is equal to the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance.
Weighted Average Original Advance Rate: With respect to each Payment Date during the Revolving Period, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, where (i) the numerator is equal to the aggregate for all Dealers of the product of (a) the Original Advance Rate of each Dealer and (b) the Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Loans for such Dealer and (ii) the denominator is equal to the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance.
Weighted Average Spread Rate: With respect to each Payment Date during the Revolving Period, one minus the Weighted Average Original Advance Rate divided by the Weighted Average Final Score (expressed as a percentage).
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Wells Fargo: Defined in the preamble to this Agreement.
Section 1.2.Other Terms. All accounting terms used but not specifically defined herein shall be construed in accordance with GAAP. All terms used in Article 9 of the UCC in the State of New York, and used but not specifically defined herein, are used herein as defined in such Article 9.
Section 1.3.Computation of Time Periods. Unless otherwise stated in this Agreement, in the computation of a period of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including” and the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding.”
Section 1.4.Interpretation. In each Transaction Document, unless a contrary intention appears:
(i)the singular number includes the plural number and vice versa;
(ii)reference to any Person includes such Person’s successors and assigns but, if applicable, only if such successors and assigns are permitted by the Transaction Documents;
(iii)reference to any gender includes each other gender;
(iv)reference to any agreement (including any Transaction Document), document or instrument means such agreement, document or instrument as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified and in effect from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof and, if applicable, the terms of the other Transaction Documents, and reference to any promissory note includes any promissory note that is an extension or renewal thereof or a substitute or replacement therefor; and
(v)reference to any Applicable Law means such Applicable Law as amended, modified, codified, replaced or reenacted, in whole or in part, and in effect from time to time, including rules and regulations promulgated thereunder and reference to any section or other provision of any Applicable Law means that provision of such Applicable Law from time to time in effect and constituting the substantive amendment, modification, codification, replacement or reenactment of such section or other provision.
Article II

THE LOAN FACILITY
Section 2.1    Funding of the Initial Loan Amounts.
(a)On the Closing Date, each Lender shall, upon satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents (including the conditions precedent set forth in Article III), make available to the Borrower in same day funds, at such bank or other location reasonably designated by Borrower, an amount equal to its respective portion of the initial Class A Loan Balance, the initial Class B Loan Balance and the initial Class C Loan Balance (individually, a “Term Loan” and collectively the “Term Loans”).
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(b)The Term Loans.
(i)Each Lender shall maintain in accordance with its usual practice records evidencing the indebtedness of the Borrower to such Lender. The Deal Agent shall maintain the Register in accordance with Section 13.1(c). The entries made in the records maintained pursuant to this clause (i)  shall be prima facie evidence absent manifest error of the existence and amounts of the obligations recorded therein. Any failure of any Lender or the Deal Agent to maintain such records or make any entry therein or any error therein shall not in any manner affect the obligations of the Borrower under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents. In the event of any conflict between the records maintained by any Lender and the records maintained by the Deal Agent in such matters, the records of the Deal Agent shall control in the absence of manifest error.
(ii)Upon the request of any Lender made through the Deal Agent, the Borrower shall prepare, execute and deliver to such Lender a promissory note of the Borrower payable to such Lender (each, a “Note”). Any such Note shall be substantially in the form of (1) in the case of a Class A Loan, Exhibit D-1 hereto, (2) in the case of a Class B Loan, Exhibit D-2 hereto and (3) in the case of a Class C Loan, Exhibit D-3 hereto, as applicable, with blanks appropriately completed in conformity with the terms hereof and shall evidence the Borrower’s obligation to pay the principal of and interest on all amounts advanced by such Lender in addition to the records described in the preceding clause (i). Any such Note shall be enforceable with respect to the Borrower’s obligation to pay the principal thereof only to the extent of the applicable Lender’s ratable share of the unpaid principal amount of the Class A Loan Balance, the Class B Loan Balance or the Class C Loan Balance, as applicable, outstanding thereunder at the time such enforcement shall be sought.
Section 2.2     Grant of Security Interest; Acceptance by Collateral Agent.
(a)(i) As security for the prompt and complete payment of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance (and any interest due thereon) and the performance of all of the Borrower’s obligations under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents, the Borrower hereby grants to the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, without recourse except as provided herein, a security interest in and continuing Lien on all assets and personal property of the Borrower, including but not limited to, all of the Borrower’s accounts, chattel paper, goods, bank accounts, documents, general intangibles, instruments, investment property, letter of credit rights, money and supporting obligations and all proceeds of the foregoing (as each such term is defined in the UCC, collectively, the “Collateral”) now owned or hereafter acquired. The foregoing pledge does not constitute an assumption by the Collateral Agent of any obligations of the Borrower to Obligors or any other Person in connection with the Collateral or under any agreement or instrument relating to the Collateral, including, without limitation, any obligation to make future advances to or on behalf of such Obligors.
(i)In connection with such grant, the Borrower agrees to record and file, at its own expense, financing statements with respect to the Collateral now existing and hereafter created meeting the requirements of applicable state law in such manner and in such jurisdictions as are necessary to perfect the first priority security interest of the
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Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties in the Collateral, and to deliver a file-stamped copy of such financing statements or other evidence of such filing to the Collateral Agent, each Lender and the Deal Agent promptly following receipt thereof. In addition, the Borrower and the Servicer agree to clearly and unambiguously mark their respective general ledgers and all accounting records and documents and all computer tapes and records to show that the Collateral, including that portion of the Collateral consisting of the Dealer Agreements listed on Schedule IV hereto (and each addendum thereto), the Loans and the related Contracts and the rights to payment under the related Dealer Agreements, has been pledged to the Collateral Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties hereunder.
(ii)In connection with such pledge, the Borrower agrees to deliver to the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent on the Closing Date and any Addition Date on which new Pools or Purchased Loans are pledged to the Collateral Agent, as the case may be, one or more computer files containing true and complete lists of all applicable Dealer Agreements, Pools and Loans securing the payment of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance, any interest due thereon and any other amounts due under the Transaction Documents and all of the Borrower’s other obligations in respect of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents as of such date, and all Contracts securing all such Loans, identified by, as applicable, account number, dealer number and pool number as of the end of the Collection Period immediately preceding the Addition Date. Such file shall be marked as Schedule IV hereto or as an addendum thereto, shall be delivered to the Collateral Agent as confidential and proprietary, and such Schedule IV and each addendum thereto are hereby incorporated into and made a part of this Agreement. Such Schedule IV shall be supplemented and updated on each Addition Date in the Revolving Period to include all Loans and Contracts pledged on the date of each such date so that, on each such date, the Collateral Agent will have a Schedule IV that describes all Loans pledged by the Borrower to the Collateral Agent hereunder on or prior to said Addition Date, any related Dealer Agreements, Purchase Agreements and all Contracts securing or evidencing such Loans (other than those that have been released from the Collateral and those Dealer Loans that have been deemed to be extinguished pursuant to Section 6.15(b) hereto). Such updated Schedule IV shall be deemed to replace any existing Schedule IV as of the date such updated Schedule IV is provided in accordance with this Section 2.2(a)(iii). Furthermore, Schedule IV hereto shall be deemed to be supplemented on each date of Dealer Collections Purchase by the list set forth under Section 6.15(c).
(iii)In connection with such pledge, each of the Borrower, Credit Acceptance and the Servicer also agrees, within 180 days of the Closing Date or the Addition Date, as the case may be, to clearly mark at least 98% of the Contracts or Contract folders securing a Loan with the following legend: “THIS AGREEMENT HAS BEEN PLEDGED TO COMPUTERSHARE TRUST COMPANY, N.A. AS COLLATERAL AGENT FOR THE BENEFIT OF CERTAIN SECURED PARTIES.”
(b)The Collateral Agent hereby acknowledges its acceptance, on behalf of the Secured Parties, of the pledge by the Borrower of the Loans and all other Collateral. The Collateral Agent further acknowledges that, prior to or simultaneously with the execution and
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delivery of this Agreement, the Borrower delivered to the Collateral Agent the computer file represented by the Borrower to be the computer file described in Section 2.2(a)(iii).
(c)The Collateral Agent hereby agrees not to disclose to any Person (including any Secured Party) any of the account numbers or other information contained in the computer files delivered to the Collateral Agent by the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.2(a)(iii), except as is required in connection with the performance of its duties hereunder or in enforcing the rights of the Secured Parties or to a Successor Servicer; provided, however, that notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, the Collateral Agent may reply to a request from any Person for a list of Loans, Dealer Agreements, Contracts or other information referred to in any financing statement. The Collateral Agent agrees to take such measures as shall be necessary or reasonably requested by the Borrower to protect and maintain the security and confidentiality of such information. The Collateral Agent shall provide the Borrower with written notice five Business Days prior to any disclosure pursuant to this Section 2.2(c), to the extent reasonably practical.
Section 2.3     Reserved].
Section 2.4     Determination of Interest. Each Lender shall initially determine (A) (i) the Class A Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any), Class B Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any) and Class C Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any) to be paid by the Borrower with respect to the Class A Loans, the Class B Loans and the Class C Loans, respectively, on each Payment Date for the related Accrual Period and (B) the Increased Costs and Additional Amounts, if any, due in respect of such Payment Date (including any such amounts unpaid from any prior Payment Date), and shall advise the Servicer and the Backup Servicer thereof on or before the fifth (5th) Business Day prior to such Payment Date.
Section 2.5     [Reserved].
Section 2.6    [Reserved].
Section 2.7    Settlement Procedures.
(a)Unless a Termination Date shall have occurred pursuant to Section 10.2, on each Payment Date, the Collateral Agent shall (based on the information contained in the Monthly Report delivered on the related Determination Date) withdraw Available Funds and any Excess Reserve Amounts and investment earnings on amounts on deposit in the Collection Account from the Collection Account and allocate and distribute such amounts to the applicable Person or account in the following order of priority:
(i)FIRST, pari passu, (A) (1) to the Servicer, an amount equal to any accrued and unpaid Servicing Fees due in respect of such Payment Date and any Servicing Fees unpaid from any prior Payment Date; provided, however, if the Servicer has been replaced pursuant to Section 6.12 such amount shall not exceed the Capped Servicing Fee, (2) to the Backup Servicer, so long as it has not become the Successor Servicer hereunder, an amount equal to any accrued and unpaid Backup Servicing Fee due in respect of such Payment Date, any unpaid Backup Servicing Fee from any prior Payment Date and (3) to the Collateral Agent, accrued and unpaid Collateral Agent Fee due in respect of such
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Payment Date, any unpaid Collateral Agent Fee from any prior Payment Date; (B) to the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer, any Transition Expenses; (C) to the Backup Servicer, any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Backup Servicer, and any accrued and unpaid Indemnified Amounts owed to the Backup Servicer; and (D) to the Collateral Agent, any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Collateral Agent, and any accrued and unpaid Indemnified Amounts owed to the Collateral Agent, in the case of clauses (i)(C) and (i)(D) prior to a Termination Event, up to Capped Backup Servicer and Collateral Agent Expenses, monthly;
(ii)SECOND, the following amounts to be applied sequentially (A) first, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the Class A Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date, (B) second, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the Class B Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date and (C) third, pro rata to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the Class C Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date;
(iii)THIRD, during the Revolving Period, to the Reserve Account, (A) an amount equal to any outstanding Reserve Advances and (B) the amount necessary to cause the amount on deposit in the Reserve Account to equal the Required Reserve Account Amount (after giving effect to any deposits made in subclause (A));
(iv)FOURTH, during the Revolving Period, to the Principal Collection Account for application by the Borrower to purchase additional Loans (or to fund additional Dealer Loan Contracts allocated to the Open Pool of Dealer Loan Contracts securing a Dealer Loan) from the Originator, the amount needed to cause (1) the Collateral Amount to at least equal the Minimum Collateral Amount, and if the Minimum Collateral Amount cannot be reached due to an insufficient amount of Loans for purchase by the Borrower, the amount needed to cause the Adjusted Collateral Amount to at least equal the Minimum Collateral Amount and (2) the Forecasted Collections to at least equal the Minimum Forecasted Collections Amount, and if the Minimum Forecasted Collections Amount cannot be reached due to an insufficient amount of Loans for purchase by the Borrower, the amount needed to cause the Adjusted Forecasted Collections to at least equal the Minimum Forecasted Collections Amount;
(v)FIFTH, during the Amortization Period, the following amounts to be applied sequentially (A) first, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the Class A Principal Distributable Amount until the Class A Loan Balance has been reduced to zero, (B) second, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the Class B Principal Distributable Amount until the Class B Loan Balance has been reduced to zero and (C) third, pro rata to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the Class C Principal Distributable Amount until the Class C Loan Balance has been reduced to zero;
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(vi)SIXTH, pari passu, (A) the following amounts to be applied sequentially (1) first, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class A Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date, (2) second, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class B Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date, and (3) third, pro rata to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class C Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date; (B) to the Backup Servicer, any amounts owed to the Backup Servicer to the extent not paid pursuant to clause (i)(C) above due to the Capped Backup Servicer and Collateral Agent Expenses; and (C) to the Collateral Agent, any amounts owed to the Collateral Agent to the extent not paid pursuant to clause (i)(D) above due to the Capped Backup Servicer and Collateral Agent Expenses;
(vii)SEVENTH, to the Deal Agent for the account of any other applicable Person, all remaining amounts up to all Aggregate Unpaids (during the Revolving Period, other than the Aggregate Term Loan Balance) until paid in full; and
(viii)EIGHTH, to the Borrower any remaining amounts.
(b)If a Termination Date has occurred pursuant to Section 10.2, on each Payment Date after such Termination Date, the Collateral Agent shall (based on the information contained in the Monthly Report delivered on the related Determination Date) withdraw Available Funds and investment earnings on amounts on deposit in the Collection Account from the Collection Account and allocate and distribute such amounts to the applicable Person or account in the following order of priority:
(i)FIRST, pari passu, (A) (1) to the Servicer, an amount equal to any accrued and unpaid Servicing Fees due in respect of such Payment Date and any Servicing Fees unpaid from any prior Payment Date; provided, however, if the Servicer has been replaced pursuant to Section 6.12 such amount shall not exceed the Capped Servicing Fee, (2) to the Backup Servicer, so long as it has not become the Successor Servicer hereunder, an amount equal to any accrued and unpaid Backup Servicing Fee due in respect of such Payment Date, any unpaid Backup Servicing Fee from any prior Payment Date and (3) to the Collateral Agent, accrued and unpaid Collateral Agent Fee due in respect of such Payment Date, any unpaid Collateral Agent Fee from any prior Payment Date; (B) to the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer, any Transition Expenses; (C) to the Backup Servicer, any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Backup Servicer, and any accrued and unpaid Indemnified Amounts owed to the Backup Servicer; and (D) to the Collateral Agent, any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Collateral Agent, and any accrued and unpaid Indemnified Amounts owed to the Collateral Agent;
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(ii)SECOND, the following amounts to be applied sequentially (A) first, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the Class A Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date, (B) second, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the Class A Principal Distributable Amount until the Class A Loan Balance has been reduced to zero, (C) third, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the Class B Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date, (D) fourth, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the Class B Principal Distributable Amount until the Class B Loan Balance has been reduced to zero, (E) fifth, to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the Class C Interest Distributable Amount due and payable on such Payment Date and the Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any, from any prior Payment Date and (F) sixth, pro rata to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the Class C Principal Distributable Amount until the Class C Loan Balance has been reduced to zero;
(iii)THIRD, the following amounts to be applied sequentially (A) first, pro rata to each Class A Lender, such Class A Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class A Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date, (B) second, pro rata to each Class B Lender, such Class B Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class B Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date, and (C) third, pro rata to each Class C Lender, such Class C Lender’s ratable share of the sum of any accrued and unpaid Increased Costs, Additional Amounts and Indemnified Amounts due and owing to such Class C Lender in respect of such Payment Date and any such amounts from any prior Payment Date;
(iv)FOURTH, to the Deal Agent for the account of any other applicable Person, all remaining amounts up to all Aggregate Unpaids until paid in full; and
(v)FIFTH, to the Borrower any remaining amounts.
(c)(i)    If on any Payment Date there are not sufficient Available Funds to pay all amounts required to be paid pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(ii), the Collateral Agent shall (based on the information contained in the Monthly Report delivered on the related Determination Date) withdraw from the Reserve Account an amount equal to the lesser of such shortfall and the amount of funds on deposit in the Reserve Account (such withdrawal, a “Reserve Advance”) and deposit such amount to the Collection Account.
(i)If on any Payment Date during the Amortization Period, the amount paid pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(v) or Section 2.7(b)(ii), as applicable, is insufficient to reduce the Aggregate Term Loan Balance to zero, the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) may direct the Collateral Agent to withdraw
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any or all of the amount on deposit in the Reserve Account, and pay such amount to the Lenders in accordance with Section 2.7(a)(v) or Section 2.7(b)(ii), as applicable.
(d)With respect to any payments made by the Collateral Agent to the Lenders, the Collateral Agent shall be entitled to rely conclusively on the Monthly Report for purposes of determining the identity of such Lenders.
Section 2.8     [Reserved].
Section 2.9    Collections and Allocations.
(a)Collections. The Servicer shall transfer, or cause to be transferred, all Collections on deposit in the form of available funds in the Credit Acceptance Payment Account to the Collection Account by the close of business on the second Business Day after such Collections are received therein. The Servicer shall promptly (but in no event later than the second Business Day after the receipt thereof) deposit all Collections received directly by it in the Collection Account. The Servicer shall make such deposits or payments on the date indicated therein by wire transfer in immediately available funds or by automated clearing house (ACH).
(b)Initial Deposits. On the Closing Date and any other Addition Date, the Servicer will deposit (in immediately available funds) into the Collection Account all Collections received on and after the applicable Cut-Off Date and through and including the day that is two days immediately preceding the Closing Date or such other Addition Date, in respect of the Loans.
(c)Investment of Funds. (i) Until the occurrence of a Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event, to the extent there are uninvested amounts on deposit in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account and the Reserve Account, all amounts shall be invested as set forth in Section 6.7(c).
(i)On the date on which the Aggregate Term Loan Balance is reduced to zero and all Aggregate Unpaids have been indefeasibly paid in full, all Collateral is released from the Lien of this Agreement, and this Agreement is terminated, any amounts on deposit in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account or the Reserve Account shall be released to the Borrower.
(d)Allocation of Collections. The Servicer will allocate Collections monthly in accordance with the actual amount of Collections received. The Servicer shall determine each month the amount of Collections received during such month which constitutes amounts which, pursuant to the terms of any Dealer Agreement, are required to be remitted to the applicable Dealer (such collections, “Dealer Collections”). Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, the Collateral Agent, pursuant to the written direction of the Servicer set forth on each Monthly Report, shall distribute on each Payment Date: (i) to the Borrower, an amount equal to the aggregate amount of Dealer Collections received during or with respect to the prior Collection Period and (ii) to the Backup Servicer, if it has become the Successor Servicer, an amount equal to any Repossession Expenses related to the prior Collection Period prior to the distribution of Available Funds pursuant to Section 2.7.
Section 2.10    Payments, Computations, Etc.
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(a)On each Payment Date, (i) each Class A Lender will be entitled to its ratable share of the Class A Interest Distributable Amount, (ii) each Class B Lender will be entitled to its ratable share of the Class B Interest Distributable Amount and (iii) each Class C Lender will be entitled to its ratable share of the Class C Interest Distributable Amount, in each case, in accordance with Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
(b)Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, all amounts to be paid or deposited by the Borrower or the Servicer hereunder shall be paid or deposited in accordance with the terms hereof no later than 11:00 a.m. (New York, New York time) on the day when due in lawful money of the United States in immediately available funds to the Persons entitled thereto, in accordance with wiring instructions provided to each of the Borrower, Servicer and Collateral Agent, in writing, by each Lender. Such wiring instructions may be updated from time to time upon written notice by the applicable Lender. Any amounts received by such Persons after 11:00 a.m. (New York, New York time) shall be deemed to be received on the next subsequent Business Day. All computations of interest and fees hereunder shall be made on the basis of a year of 360 days consisting of twelve 30-day months.
(c)Whenever any payment hereunder shall be stated to be due on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day, and such extension of time shall in such case be included in the computation of any payment of interest or any fee payable hereunder, as the case may be.
Section 2.11     [Reserved].
Section 2.12     Fees.
(a)The Servicer shall be entitled to receive the Servicing Fee, monthly in arrears in accordance with Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
(b)The Backup Servicer shall be entitled to receive the Backup Servicing Fee, expenses and indemnities in accordance with Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
(c)The Borrower shall pay to each Lender, on the Closing Date, the Upfront Fee and any other amounts set forth in the Lender Fee Letter.
(d)The Collateral Agent shall be entitled to receive the Collateral Agent Fee, expenses and indemnities in accordance with Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
Section 2.13     Increased Costs; Capital Adequacy; Illegality.
(a)If either (i) the introduction of or any change (including, without limitation, any change by way of imposition or increase of reserve requirements) in or in the interpretation of any law or regulation or (ii) the compliance by an Affected Party with any guideline or request from any central bank or other Governmental Authority (whether or not having the force of law), shall (A) subject an Affected Party to any Tax (except for Taxes on the overall net income of such Affected Party), duty or other charge with respect to the Term Loans, or any right to make the funding hereunder, or on any payment made hereunder, (B) impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve requirement (including, without limitation, any reserve requirement imposed by the
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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, but excluding any reserve requirement, if any, included in the determination of any interest rate), special deposit or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the amount of, or credit extended by, any Affected Party or (C) impose any other condition affecting the Term Loans or a Lender’s rights hereunder, the result of which is to increase the cost to any Affected Party or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by an Affected Party under this Agreement, then within ten days after demand by such Affected Party (which demand shall be accompanied by a statement setting forth the basis for such demand), the Borrower shall pay directly to such Affected Party such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Affected Party for such additional or increased cost incurred or such reduction suffered.
(b)If either (i) the introduction of or any change in or in the interpretation of any law, guideline, rule, regulation, directive or request or (ii) the compliance by any Affected Party with any law, guideline, rule, regulation, directive or request from any central bank or other governmental authority or agency (whether or not having the force of law), including, without limitation, compliance by an Affected Party with any request or directive regarding capital adequacy, has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on the capital of any Affected Party as a consequence of its obligations hereunder or arising in connection herewith to a level below that which any such Affected Party could have achieved but for such introduction, change or compliance (taking into consideration the policies of such Affected Party with respect to capital adequacy) by an amount deemed by such Affected Party to be material, then from time to time, within ten days after demand by such Affected Party (which demand shall be accompanied by a statement setting forth the basis for such demand), the Borrower shall pay directly to such Affected Party such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Affected Party for such reduction. For avoidance of doubt, any interpretation of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51 by the Financial Accounting Standards Board shall constitute an adoption, change, request or directive subject to this Section 2.13(b).
(c)If as a result of any event or circumstance similar to those described in clause (a) or (b) of this Section, any Affected Party is required to compensate a bank or other financial institution providing liquidity support, credit enhancement or other similar support to such Affected Party in connection with this Agreement or the funding or maintenance of the Term Loans, then within ten days after demand by such Affected Party, the Borrower shall pay to such Affected Party such additional amount or amounts as may be necessary to reimburse such Affected Party for any amounts payable or paid by it.
(d)In determining any amount provided for in this Section, the Affected Party may use any reasonable averaging and attribution methods. Any Affected Party making a claim under this Section shall submit to the Servicer a written description as to such additional or increased cost or reduction and the calculation thereof, which written description shall be conclusive absent demonstrable error.
Section 2.14     Taxes.
(a)All payments made by an Obligor in respect of each Loan and each Contract and all payments made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower or the Servicer under this Agreement will be made free and clear of and without deduction or withholding for or on
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account of any Taxes, except as required by Applicable Law. If Applicable Law (as determined in the good faith discretion of the applicable withholding agent) requires any Taxes to be deducted or withheld from any amounts payable to any Secured Party, then the amount payable to such Person will be increased (such increase, the “Additional Amount”) such that every net payment made under this Agreement after deducting or withholding for or on account of any Taxes (including, without limitation, any Taxes on such increase) is not less than the amount that would have been paid had no such deduction or withholding been deducted or withheld. The foregoing obligation to pay Additional Amounts, however, will not apply with respect to net income or franchise taxes imposed on a Lender with respect to payments required to be made by the Borrower or the Servicer under this Agreement by a taxing jurisdiction in which such Lender is organized, conducts business or is paying taxes as of the Closing Date (as the case may be).
(b)The Borrower will indemnify each Affected Party for the full amount of Taxes payable by such Person in respect of Additional Amounts and any liability (including penalties, interest and expenses) arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. All payments in respect of this indemnification shall be made within ten days from the date a written invoice, which shall be conclusive absent manifest error, therefor is delivered to the Borrower.
(c)Each Lender shall indemnify the Deal Agent, within 10 days after demand therefor, for (i) any Taxes in respect of Additional Amounts attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that the Borrower has not already indemnified the Deal Agent for such Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Borrower to do so) and (ii) any Taxes referred to in the last sentence of Section 2.14(a) attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Deal Agent in connection with this Agreement, and any reasonable and documented expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Deal Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under this Agreement or otherwise payable by the Deal Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Deal Agent under this Section 2.14(c).
(d)As soon as practicable after any payment of Taxes by the Borrower to a Governmental Authority pursuant to this Section 2.14, the Borrower shall deliver to the Deal Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Deal Agent.
(e)The Borrower will notify each Lender on an annual basis of any payments by the Borrower in respect of any Taxes, not including those Taxes paid by Credit Acceptance on a consolidated basis.
(f)If a Lender is created or organized under the laws of the United States or a political subdivision thereof, such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower, with a copy to the Deal Agent on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender hereunder, two (or such other number as may from time to time be prescribed by Applicable Law) duly completed copies of IRS Form W-9 certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding tax.
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(g)If a Lender is not created or organized under the laws of the United States or a political subdivision thereof, such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower, with a copy to the Deal Agent, (i) on or prior to the date hereof, or, if such Lender becomes a Lender after the Closing Date, the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender hereunder, two (or such other number as may from time to time be prescribed by Applicable Laws) duly completed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN-E, Form W-8BEN, Form W-8ECI or Form W-8IMY (or any successor forms or other certificates or statements that may be required from time to time by the relevant United States taxing authorities or Applicable Laws), as appropriate, to permit the Borrower to make payments hereunder for the account of such Lender, as the case may be, without (or at a reduced rate of) deduction or withholding of United States federal income or similar Taxes and (ii) upon the obsolescence of or after the occurrence of any event requiring a change in, any form or certificate previously delivered pursuant to this Section 2.14(g), copies (in such numbers as may from time to time be prescribed by Applicable Laws or regulations) of such additional, amended or successor forms, certificates or statements as may be required under Applicable Laws or regulations to permit the Borrower to make payments hereunder for the account of such Lender, without (or at a reduced rate of) deduction or withholding of United States federal income or similar Taxes.
(h)If a payment made to a Lender under this Agreement would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Deal Agent at the time or times prescribed by law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower and the Deal Agent such documentation prescribed by applicable law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Deal Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Deal Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (i), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.
(i)If, in connection with an agreement or other document providing liquidity support, credit enhancement or other similar support to the Lenders in connection with this Agreement or the funding or maintenance of the funding hereunder, the Lenders are required to compensate a bank or other financial institution in respect of Taxes under circumstances similar to those described in this Section then within 10 days after demand by the Lenders, the Borrower shall pay to the Lenders such additional amount or amounts as may be necessary to reimburse the Lenders for any amounts paid by them.
(j)Without prejudice to the survival of any other agreement of the Borrower hereunder, the agreements and obligations of the Borrower contained in this section shall survive the termination of this Agreement.
(k)The Deal Agent and each Lender shall be required to deliver to the Collateral Agent and the Borrower prior to the first Payment Date and at any time or times required by applicable law, (i) a correct, complete and properly executed U.S. Internal Revenue Service Form W-9, W-8BEN, W-8BEN-E, W-8ECI, W-8IMY or W-8EXP (with appropriate attachments), as applicable, and any other Lender Tax Identification Information, and (ii) any
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documentation that is required under FATCA or is otherwise necessary (in the sole determination of the Borrower, the Collateral Agent, or other agent of the Borrower, as applicable) to enable the Borrower, the Collateral Agent and any other agent of the Borrower to determine their duties and liabilities with respect to any taxes they may be required to withhold pursuant to such Code sections. In addition, the Deal Agent, each Lender and any other party receiving a payment hereunder will be deemed to understand that the Collateral Agent has the right to withhold on amounts payable (without any corresponding gross-up unless otherwise required under this Section 2.14), if required. The Borrower hereby covenants with the Collateral Agent that the Borrower will provide the Collateral Agent with sufficient information so as to enable the Collateral Agent to determine whether or not the Collateral Agent is obliged to make any withholding tax, including FATCA Withholding Tax, in respect of any payments (and if applicable, to provide the necessary detailed information to effectuate the withholding tax, including FATCA Withholding Tax, such as setting forth applicable amounts to be withheld). The other parties hereto agree that the Collateral Agent shall be released of any liability relating to its actions and compliance under this clause (k) and FATCA. Notwithstanding any other provisions herein, the term “Applicable Law” for purposes of this clause (k) includes U.S. federal tax law and FATCA. Upon request from the Collateral Agent, the Borrower and each Lender will provide the Collateral Agent with any information reasonably requested by it necessary to assist the Collateral Agent in making any withholdings or related informational reports.
Section 2.15     Assignment of the Contribution Agreement. The Borrower hereby assigns to the Collateral Agent, for the ratable benefit of the Secured Parties hereunder, all of the Borrower’s right, title and interest in and to, but none of its obligations under, the Contribution Agreement. The Borrower confirms that the Collateral Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties shall have the sole right to, at the written direction of the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders), enforce the Borrower’s rights and remedies under the Contribution Agreement for the benefit of the Secured Parties.
Section 2.16     Optional Purchase.     On and after the Scheduled Amortization Date, the Servicer shall have the option, upon no less than 10 days’ prior written notice (or such lesser number of days reasonably acceptable to the Deal Agent) to the Borrower, the Collateral Agent, the Lenders and the Deal Agent, to reacquire the Dealer Loans, the Purchased Loans and the related Collateral in whole but not in part. To exercise such option, the Servicer shall deposit in the Collection Account an amount equal to: (x) the aggregate Purchase Amount for the Loans, plus (y) the fair market value of any other Collateral, plus (z) sufficient funds to pay interest on the Aggregate Term Loan Balance through the date of redemption after giving effect to the application of Available Funds on such date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Servicer shall not exercise such option unless the purchase price paid by the Servicer and other funds held by the Borrower are sufficient to pay all Aggregate Unpaids under the Transaction Documents. Upon such deposit the Servicer shall succeed to all interests in and to the Collateral.
Article III

CONDITIONS TO THE CLOSING
Section 3.1     Conditions to Effectiveness of this Agreement. This Agreement shall not become effective until:
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(a)Each document specified in the Schedule of Condition Precedent Documents attached hereto as Schedule VII has been duly executed by, and delivered to, the parties hereto and thereto and the Deal Agent has received all such executed documents.
(b)The Borrower shall have paid all fees or other amounts required to be paid by it on the Closing Date.
(c)The Deal Agent and Lenders have received such other approvals, opinions or documents as the Deal Agent or its counsel may reasonably require.
(d)The Borrower shall have deposited to the Required Reserve Account Amount into the Reserve Account.
(e)The Borrower shall have deposited into the Collection Account an amount equal to all Collections received on or in respect of the Contracts since the Cut-Off Date.
(f)The Deal Agent shall have received evidence from the Borrower that the Class A Loans received a rating of “AAA (sf)” from S&P, the Class B Loans received a rating of at least “AA (sf)” from S&P and the Class C Loans received a rating of at least “A (sf)” from S&P.
Section 3.2     Conditions Precedent to the Pledge of Additional Loans. Each pledge of Additional Loans shall be subject to the further conditions precedent:
(a)With respect to any such pledge, the Borrower shall have delivered to the Deal Agent and the Lenders, on or prior to the date of such pledge in form and substance satisfactory to the Deal Agent, Exhibit A to the Contribution Agreement, including the Schedule of Loans and Contracts attached thereto, dated within two (2) Business Days prior to the date of such pledge and containing such additional information as may be reasonably requested by the Deal Agent or any Lender.
(b)On the date of such pledge the following statements shall be true and the Borrower shall be deemed to have certified that, after giving effect to the pledge of Additional Loans:
(i)The representations and warranties contained in Sections 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 are true and correct on and as of such day as though made on and as of such day and shall be deemed to have been made on such day;
(ii)On and as of such day, the Borrower, the Originator and the Servicer each has performed all of the agreements contained in this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party to be performed by such person at or prior to such day; and
(iii)No law or regulation shall prohibit, and no order, judgment or decree of any federal, state or local court or governmental body, agency or instrumentality shall prohibit or enjoin, the making of the loans by the Lenders in accordance with the provisions hereof.
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(c)The Borrower shall have delivered to the Collateral Agent the information described in Section 2.2(a)(iii).
(d)All financing statements necessary to perfect the Collateral Agent’s first priority security interest in the Collateral shall have been filed in the appropriate filing offices.
(e)All conditions required to be satisfied in the Contribution Agreement shall have been satisfied.
(f)No Amortization Event, Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event shall have occurred.
(g)No Servicer Termination Event or any event, that with the giving of notice or the lapse of time, or both, would become a Servicer Termination Event shall have occurred.
(h)No materially adverse selection procedures were used by the Borrower with respect to the Loans, Contracts or Dealer Agreements; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that during the Revolving Period, the Borrower in its sole discretion may elect to pledge Dealer Loans secured by either Open Pools or Closed Pools.
(i)The amount on deposit in the Reserve Account shall not be less than the Required Reserve Account Amount.
(j)The Deal Agent and Lenders shall have received such other approvals, opinions or documents as the Deal Agent or its counsel may reasonably require.
Article IV

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
Section 4.1     Representations and Warranties of the Borrower. The Borrower represents and warrants to the Collateral Agent, the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer and the Secured Parties on the Closing Date and as of each Addition Date, as follows:
(a)Organization and Good Standing. The Borrower has been duly organized, and is validly existing as a limited liability company in good standing under the laws of the State of Delaware, with all requisite power and authority to own or lease its properties and conduct its business as such business is presently conducted, and the Borrower had at all relevant times, and now has all necessary power, authority and legal right to acquire, own and pledge the Collateral and perform its obligations under this Agreement.
(b)Due Qualification. The Borrower is duly qualified to do business and is in good standing as a limited liability company and has obtained all material necessary licenses and approvals, in all jurisdictions in which the ownership or lease of property or the conduct of its business requires such qualification, licenses or approvals except with respect to sales finance company licenses from the states of Maryland and Pennsylvania, which shall have been obtained by no later than the ninetieth (90th) day following the Closing Date.
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(c)Power and Authority; Due Authorization. The Borrower: (i) has all necessary power, authority and legal right to: (A) execute and deliver this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party, (B) carry out the terms of the Transaction Documents to which it is a party, and (C) transfer and assign each Loan, Related Security and all other Collateral on the terms and conditions herein provided and (ii) has duly authorized by all necessary action the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party and the transfer and assignment of the Loans, Related Security and all other Collateral on the terms and conditions herein provided. This Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party have been duly executed and delivered by it.
(d)Binding Obligation. This Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which the Borrower is a party constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Borrower, each enforceable against the Borrower in accordance with its terms, subject to the effect of bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditor’s rights generally and to general principles of equity.
(e)No Violation. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party and the fulfillment of the terms hereof and thereof will not (i) conflict with, result in any breach of any of the terms and provisions of, or constitute (with or without notice or lapse of time or both) a default under, the Borrower’s limited liability company agreement or any Contractual Obligation of the Borrower, (ii) result in the creation or imposition of any Lien upon any of the Borrower’s properties pursuant to the terms of any such Contractual Obligation, other than this Agreement, or (iii) violate any Applicable Law.
(f)No Proceedings. There is no litigation, proceeding or investigation pending or, to the best knowledge of the Borrower, threatened against the Borrower, before any Governmental Authority (i) asserting the invalidity of this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to which the Borrower is a party, (ii) seeking to prevent the consummation of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to which the Borrower is a party or (iii) seeking any determination or ruling that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(g)All Consents Required. All approvals, authorizations, consents, orders or other actions of any Person or of any Governmental Authority (if any) required for the due execution, delivery and performance by the Borrower of this Agreement and any other Transaction Document to which the Borrower is a party have been obtained except where the failure to so obtain is not reasonably expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(h)Bulk Sales. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement do not require compliance with any “bulk sales” act or similar law by Borrower.
(i)Solvency. The transactions under this Agreement and any other Transaction Document to which the Borrower is a party do not and will not render the Borrower not Solvent and the Borrower shall deliver to the Deal Agent on the Closing Date a certification in the form of Exhibit C. The Originator has confirmed in writing to the Borrower that, so long as the Borrower
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is Solvent, the Originator will not cause the Borrower to file a voluntary petition under the Bankruptcy Code or any other Insolvency Laws.
(j)Selection Procedures. No procedures believed by the Borrower to be materially adverse to the interests of the Collateral Agent or the Lenders were utilized by the Borrower in identifying and/or selecting Loans or Dealer Agreements; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that during the Revolving Period, the Borrower in its sole discretion may elect to pledge Dealer Loans secured by either Open Pools or Closed Pools. In addition, each Loan shall have been underwritten in accordance with and satisfy, in each case in all material respects, the standards of any Credit Guidelines that have been established by the Borrower or the Originator and are then in effect.
(k)Taxes. The Borrower has filed or caused to be filed all tax returns that are required to be filed by it. The Borrower has paid all Taxes, assessments, fees and other governmental charges levied or imposed upon it or any of its property, income or assets due and payable (other than any amount of Tax the validity of which is currently being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and with respect to which reserves in accordance with GAAP have been provided on the books of the Borrower), and no tax lien has been filed and, to the Borrower’s knowledge, no claim is being asserted, with respect to any such Tax, fee or other charge.
(l)Exchange Act Compliance; Regulations T, U and X. None of the transactions contemplated herein (including, without limitation, the use of the proceeds from the pledge of the Collateral) will violate or result in a violation of Section 7 of the Exchange Act, or any regulations issued pursuant thereto, including, without limitation, Regulations T, U and X of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 12 C.F.R., Chapter II. The Borrower does not own or intend to carry or purchase, and no proceeds from the pledge of the Collateral will be used to carry or purchase, any “margin stock” within the meaning of Regulation U or to extend “purchase credit” within the meaning of Regulation U.
(m)Quality of Title. Each Loan, together with the Related Security related thereto, shall, at all times, be owned by the Borrower free and clear of any Lien except as provided in Section 4.2(a)(iii), and upon the Addition Date for each Additional Loan, the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties shall acquire a valid and perfected first priority security interest in such Additional Loan, the Related Security related thereto and all Collections then existing or thereafter arising, free and clear of any Lien, except as provided in Section 4.2(a)(iii). No effective financing statement or other instrument similar in effect covering any Loan or Dealer Agreement shall at any time be on file in any recording office except such as may be filed (i) in favor of the Borrower in accordance with the Contribution Agreement or (ii) in favor of the Collateral Agent in accordance with this Agreement.
(n)Security Interest. The Borrower has granted a security interest (as defined in the UCC) to the Collateral Agent, as agent for the Secured Parties, in the Collateral, which is enforceable in accordance with applicable law upon execution and delivery of this Agreement. Upon the filing of UCC-1 financing statements naming the Collateral Agent as secured party and the Borrower as debtor, or upon the Collateral Agent obtaining control, in the case of that portion of the Collateral which constitutes electronic chattel paper, or possession, in the case of that
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portion of the Collateral which constitutes tangible chattel paper, the Collateral Agent, as agent for the Secured Parties, shall have a first priority perfected security interest in the Collateral. All filings (including, without limitation, such UCC filings) as are necessary in any jurisdiction to perfect the interest of the Collateral Agent, as agent for the Secured Parties, in the Collateral have been made.
(o)Accuracy of Information. All information heretofore furnished by the Borrower (including without limitation, the Monthly Report and Credit Acceptance’s financial statements) to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer or any Lender for purposes of or in connection with this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, or any transaction contemplated hereby or thereby, will be true, correct, complete and accurate in every material respect, on the date such information is stated or certified (except with respect to information contained therein furnished to the Borrower by the Deal Agent or any Lender).
(p)Location of Offices. The principal place of business and chief executive office of the Borrower and the office where the Borrower keeps all the Records (other than the Certificates of Title) are located at the address of the Borrower referred to in Section 14.2 hereof and the office where the Borrower keeps all the Certificates of Title is located at 25300-25330 Telegraph Road, Southfield, Michigan 48033 (or, in each case, at such other locations as to which the notice and other requirements specified in Section 5.2(g) shall have been satisfied); provided, that, Credit Acceptance may temporarily (or permanently, solely in the case of a Contract that is repurchased, liquidated or paid in full) move or transfer individual Contract Files or Records, or any portion thereof without notice in accordance with Section 6.2(c)(ii).
(q)OFAC. None of the Borrower, any Subsidiary or any Affiliate of the Borrower (i) is a Sanctioned Person, (ii) has more than 10% of its assets in Sanctioned Countries or (iii) derives more than 10% of its operating income from investments in, or transactions with Sanctioned Persons or Sanctioned Countries. The proceeds of any funding will not be used and have not been used to fund any operations in, finance any investments or activities in or make any payments to, a Sanctioned Person or a Sanctioned Country.
(r)Tradenames; Place of Business; Correct Legal Name. (i) Except as described in Schedule II, the Borrower has no trade names, fictitious names, assumed names or “doing business as” names or other names under which it has done or is doing business; (ii) the principal place of business and chief executive office of the Borrower are located at the address of the Borrower set forth on the signature pages hereto; and (iii) “Credit Acceptance Funding LLC 2023-A” is the correct legal name of the Borrower indicated on the public records of the Borrower’s jurisdiction of organization.
(s)Contribution Agreement. The Contribution Agreement is the only agreement pursuant to which the Borrower purchases Loans from the Originator.
(t)Value Given. The Borrower shall have given reasonably equivalent value to the Originator in consideration for the transfer to the Borrower of the Loans and Related Security under the Contribution Agreement, no such transfer shall have been made for or on account of an antecedent debt owed by the Originator to the Borrower, and no such transfer is or may be voidable or subject to avoidance under any section of the Bankruptcy Code.
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(u)Accounting. The Borrower accounts for the transfers to it from the Originator of Loans and Related Security under the Contribution Agreement as sales or contributions to capital of such Loans and Related Security in its books, records and financial statements, in each case consistent with GAAP and with the requirements set forth herein.
(v)Special Purpose Entity. The Borrower is in compliance with Section 5.2(o) hereof.
(w)Confirmation from the Originator. The Borrower has received in writing from the Originator confirmation that, so long as the Borrower is not “insolvent” within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Code, the Originator will not cause the Borrower to file a voluntary petition under the Bankruptcy Code or any other bankruptcy or insolvency laws. Each of the Borrower and the Originator is aware that in light of the circumstances described in the preceding sentence and other relevant facts, the filing of a voluntary petition under the Bankruptcy Code for the purpose of making any Loan or any other assets of the Borrower available to satisfy claims of the creditors of the Originator would not result in making such assets available to satisfy such creditors under the Bankruptcy Code.
(x)Investment Company Act. The Borrower is not, and will not, as a result of the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated herein, be required to be registered as an “investment company” as defined in the Investment Company Act.  In determining that the Borrower is not an “investment company,” the Borrower is entitled to rely on the exclusion from the definition of “investment company” set forth in Section 3(c)(5) of the Investment Company Act, although there may be additional exclusions or exemptions available to the Borrower. The Borrower is not a “covered fund” for purposes of the regulations adopted to implement Section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly known as the “Volcker Rule.”
(y)ERISA. The present value of all benefits vested under all “employee pension benefit plans,” as such term is defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA, maintained by the Borrower, or in which employees of the Borrower are entitled to participate, as from time to time in effect (herein called the “Pension Plans”), does not exceed the value of the assets of the Pension Plan allocable to such vested benefits (based on the value of such assets as of the last annual violation date). No prohibited transactions, accumulated funding deficiencies, withdrawals or reportable events have occurred with respect to any Pension Plans that, in the aggregate, could subject the Borrower to any material tax, penalty or other liability. No notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan has been filed, nor has any Pension Plan been terminated under Section 4041(f) of ERISA, nor has the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation instituted proceedings to terminate, or appoint a trustee to administer a Pension Plan and no event has occurred or condition exists that might constitute grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan.
(z)Patriot Act. To the extent applicable, each of the Borrower, the Originator and their Affiliates is in compliance, in all material respects, with the (a) Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended, and each of the foreign assets control regulations of the United States Treasury Department (31 CFR, Subtitle B, Chapter V, as amended) and any other enabling legislation or executive order relating thereto, and (b) Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing
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Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA Patriot Act of 2001) (the “Patriot Act”). No part of the proceeds of any funding made hereunder will be used, directly or indirectly, for any payments to any governmental official or employee, political party, official of a political party, candidate for political office, or anyone else acting in an official capacity, in order to obtain, retain or direct business or obtain any improper advantage, in violation of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended.
(aa)Representations and Warranties in Contribution Agreement. The representations and warranties made by the Originator to the Borrower in the Contribution Agreement are hereby remade by the Borrower on each date to which they speak in the Contribution Agreement as if such representations and warranties were set forth herein. For purposes of this Section 4.1(aa), such representations and warranties are incorporated herein by reference as if made by the Borrower to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and each of the Secured Parties under the terms hereof mutatis mutandis.
(ab)Amount of Loans and Contracts; Computer File. When new Pools or Purchased Loans are pledged to the Collateral Agent, Credit Acceptance shall provide the Collateral Agent with information regarding (A) the aggregate Outstanding Balance of the Contracts to be pledged to the Collateral Agent on the related Addition Date; and (B) the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance, each as of the applicable Cut-Off Date and as reported in Credit Acceptance’s loan servicing system. The computer file delivered pursuant to Section 2.2(a)(iii) hereof is complete and accurately reflects the information regarding the Loans, applicable Dealer Agreements and Contracts in all material respects.
(ac)Use of Proceeds. Amounts received by the Borrower pursuant to this Agreement will be used by the Borrower to purchase the Loans and related Collateral from the Originator pursuant to the Contribution Agreement; provided, however, that nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to limit the Borrower’s right to use amounts received by it pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(viii) or Section 2.7(b)(v), as applicable, in any manner, including to make distributions to Credit Acceptance.
(ad)Subsidiaries. The Borrower does not have any Subsidiaries.
(ae)Equity in Borrower. The Borrower has neither sold nor pledged any of its limited liability company interests to any entity other than Credit Acceptance.
(af)Sanctions. The Borrower represents and warrants continuously throughout the term of this Agreement that: (a) no member of the Borrowing Group is a Sanctioned Target; (b) no member of the Borrowing Group is owned or controlled by, or is acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, a Sanctioned Target; (c) each member of the Borrowing Group has instituted, maintains and complies with policies, procedures and controls reasonably designed to assure compliance with Sanctions; and (d) to the best of the Borrower’s knowledge, after due care and inquiry, no member of the Borrowing Group is under investigation for an alleged violation of Sanction(s) by a governmental authority that enforces Sanctions. Borrower shall notify Lender in writing not more than three (3) Business Days after first becoming aware of any breach of this section.
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(ag)Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Corruption Laws. The Borrower represents and warrants continuously throughout the term of this Agreement that: (a) each member of the Borrowing Group has instituted, maintains and complies with policies, procedures and controls reasonably designed to assure compliance with Anti-Money Laundering Laws and Anti-Corruption Laws; and (b) to the best of the Borrower’s knowledge, after due care and inquiry, no member of the Borrowing Group is under investigation for an alleged violation of Anti-Money Laundering Laws or Anti-Corruption Laws by a governmental authority that enforces such laws.
(ah)Beneficial Ownership Certification. As of the date hereof and as of each Addition Date, the information included in the Beneficial Ownership Certification (to the extent required) is true and correct in all respects.
(ai)Tax Treatment. The Borrower is an entity disregarded as separate from the Originator for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
The representations and warranties set forth in this Section 4.1 shall survive the Borrower’s pledge of the Collateral to the Collateral Agent and the termination of the rights and obligations of the Servicer. Upon discovery by the Borrower, the Servicer or Credit Acceptance, or upon written notice or actual knowledge by a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent, of a breach of any of the representations and warranties set forth herein, the party discovering, receiving notice of or having actual knowledge, as applicable, of such breach shall give prompt written notice to the other parties of such breach.
Section 4.2     Representations and Warranties of the Borrower Relating to the Loans and the Related Contracts.
(a)Eligibility of Loans. The Borrower hereby represents and warrants to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer and the Secured Parties as of the Closing Date and as of each Addition Date, with respect to the Dealer Agreements, Loans, Contracts and Related Security pledged to the Collateral Agent on such date that:
(i)(x) except as permitted by the definition of Collateral Amount, each Loan classified as an “Eligible Dealer Loan” (or included in any aggregation of balances of “Eligible Dealer Loans”) or as an “Eligible Purchased Loan” (or included in any aggregation of balances of “Eligible Purchased Loans”) by the Borrower or the Servicer in any document or report delivered hereunder satisfied the requirements contained in the definition of Eligible Dealer Loan or Eligible Purchased Loan, as applicable, on the date so delivered; and (y) except as permitted by the definition of Collateral Amount, each Contract classified as an “Eligible Dealer Loan Contract” or “Eligible Purchased Loan Contract” (or included in any aggregation of balances of “Eligible Dealer Loan Contracts” or “Eligible Purchased Loan Contracts”) by the Borrower or the Servicer in any document or report delivered hereunder satisfied the requirements contained in the definition of Eligible Dealer Loan Contract or Eligible Purchased Loan Contract on the date so delivered;
(ii)all information with respect to the Dealer Agreements, Purchase Agreements and the Loans and the Contracts and the other Collateral provided to the
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Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer, any Lender or the Deal Agent by the Borrower or the Servicer was true and correct in all material respects as of the date such information was provided to the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer, such Lender or the Deal Agent (or such earlier time as specifically set forth in such information), as applicable;
(iii)each Loan and all other Collateral has been pledged to the Collateral Agent free and clear of any Lien of any Person (other than, with respect to the Dealer Loan Contracts, the second priority Lien of the related Dealer therein as set forth in the related Dealer Agreement) and in compliance, in all material respects, with all Applicable Laws;
(iv)with respect to each Dealer Agreement, Purchase Agreement, Loan, Contract and all other Collateral, all consents, licenses, approvals or authorizations of or registrations or declarations with any Governmental Authority required to be obtained, effected or given by the Borrower, in connection with the pledge of such Dealer Agreement, Purchase Agreement, Loan, Contract or other Collateral to the Collateral Agent have been duly obtained, effected or given and are in full force and effect;
(v)Schedule IV to this Agreement, which may be supplemented and updated from time to time, is and will be accurate and complete listings of all Loans, Contracts and Dealer Agreements in all material respects on the date each such Loan, Contract or Dealer Agreement was pledged to the Collateral Agent hereunder, and the information contained therein is and will be true and correct in all material respects as of such date;
(vi)each Contract and Purchased Loan constitutes tangible or electronic chattel paper; and
(vii)no selection procedure believed by the Borrower to be materially adverse to the interests of the Secured Parties has been or will be used in selecting the Dealer Agreements, Loans or Contracts; provided that for the avoidance of doubt, during the Revolving Period, Credit Acceptance in its sole discretion may elect to sell to the Borrower Dealer Loans secured by either Open Pools or Closed Pools.
(b)Notice of Breach. The representations and warranties set forth in this Section 4.2 shall survive the pledge of the Collateral to the Collateral Agent and the termination of the rights and obligations of the Servicer. Upon discovery by the Borrower, the Servicer or Credit Acceptance, or upon written notice or actual knowledge by a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent or the Backup Servicer, of a breach of any of the representations and warranties set forth herein, the party discovering, receiving notice of or having actual knowledge, as applicable, of such breach shall give prompt written notice to the other parties of such breach.
Section 4.3     Representations and Warranties of the Servicer. The initial Servicer represents and warrants as follows on the Closing Date and as of each Addition Date:
(a)Organization and Good Standing. The Servicer has been duly organized and is validly existing as a corporation in good standing under the laws of the State of Michigan, with all requisite corporate power and authority to own or lease its properties and to conduct its business
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as such business is presently conducted and to enter into and perform its obligations pursuant to this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party.
(b)Due Qualification. The Servicer is duly qualified to do business as a corporation and is in good standing as a corporation, and has obtained all necessary licenses and approvals in all jurisdictions in which the ownership or lease of its property and or the conduct of its business requires such qualification, licenses or approvals.
(c)Power and Authority; Due Authorization. The Servicer (i) has all necessary power, authority and legal right to (A) execute and deliver this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party and (B) carry out the terms of this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party, and (ii) has duly authorized by all necessary corporate action the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party. This Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party have been duly executed and delivered by the Servicer.
(d)Binding Obligation. This Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which the Servicer is a party constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Servicer, each enforceable against the Servicer in accordance with its terms, subject to the effect of bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and to general principles of equity.
(e)No Violation. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party and the fulfillment of the terms hereof and thereof will not (i) conflict with, result in any breach of any of the terms and provisions of, or constitute (with or without notice or lapse of time or both) a default under, the Servicer’s articles of incorporation, bylaws or any Contractual Obligation of the Servicer, (ii) result in the creation or imposition of any Lien upon any of the Servicer’s properties pursuant to the terms of any such Contractual Obligation, or (iii) violate any Applicable Law.
(f)No Proceedings. There is no litigation, proceeding or investigation pending or, to the best knowledge of the Servicer, threatened against the Servicer, before any Governmental Authority (i) asserting the invalidity of this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to which the Servicer is a party, (ii) seeking to prevent the consummation of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to which the Servicer is a party or (iii) seeking any determination or ruling that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(g)All Consents Required. All approvals, authorizations, consents, orders or other actions of any Person or of any Governmental Authority (if any) required for the due execution, delivery and performance by the Servicer of this Agreement and any other Transaction Document to which the Servicer is a party have been obtained except where the failure to so obtain is not reasonably expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(h)Reports Accurate. All Monthly Reports and other written and electronic information, exhibits, financial statements, documents, books, records or reports furnished by the Servicer to the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent or any Lender in connection
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with this Agreement are accurate, true, complete and correct in all material respects as of the date delivered (except with respect to information contained therein furnished to the Borrower by the Deal Agent or any Lender).
(i)Servicer’s Performance. The Servicer has the knowledge, the experience and the systems, financial and operational capacity available to timely perform each of its obligations hereunder and under each other Transaction Document to which it is a party.
(j)Compliance With Credit Guidelines and Collection Guidelines. The Servicer has, with respect to the Loans and Contracts, complied in all material respects with the Credit Guidelines and the Collection Guidelines or otherwise as required by Applicable Law.
Section 4.4     Representations and Warranties of the Backup Servicer. The Backup Servicer represents and warrants as of the date of this Agreement as follows:
(a)Organization and Good Standing. The Backup Servicer has been duly organized, and is validly existing as a national banking association and in good standing under the laws of the United States of America, with all requisite power and authority to own or lease its properties and to conduct its business as such business is presently conducted and to enter into and perform its obligations pursuant to this Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party.
(b)Binding Obligation. This Agreement and each other Transaction Document to which it is a party constitutes a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Backup Servicer, each enforceable against the Backup Servicer in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and by equitable limitations on the availability of specific remedies, regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law.
(c)Backup Servicing Agreement. The Backup Servicer hereby remakes the representations and warranties made by it under the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Section 4.5    Breach of Representations and Warranties.
(a)Payment in respect of an Ineligible Loan or an Ineligible Contract. If a Loan or a Contract is an Ineligible Loan or Ineligible Contract, no later than the earlier of (i) knowledge by the Borrower of such Loan or Contract being an Ineligible Loan or Ineligible Contract and (ii) receipt by the Borrower from the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer or the Servicer of written notice thereof in accordance with Section 4.2(b) hereof, the Borrower shall, by the last day of the first full Collection Period following the discovery or notice thereof, make a payment to the Collection Account in respect of each such Loan or Contract in an amount equal to the related Release Price. Any such Loan or Contract shall for all purposes of this Agreement be deemed to be an Ineligible Loan or Ineligible Contract. The Borrower shall make a deposit to the Collection Account (for allocation pursuant to Section 2.7) in immediately available funds of an amount (the “Release Price”) equal to: (A) in the case of an Ineligible Loan, the lesser of (x) the product of (1) the Outstanding Balance related to such Loan as of the last day of the related Collection Period and (2) the Net Advance Rate in effect on the date of such payment and (y) the
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product of (1) the Forecasted Collections related to such Loan as of the last day of the related Collection Period and (2) 60%; and (B) in the case of an Ineligible Contract, the product of (x) the Outstanding Balance related to such Contract as of the last day of the related Collection Period and (y) a ratio the numerator of which is the Aggregate Term Loan Balance as of the date of such payment and the denominator of which is the Outstanding Balance of all Contracts as of the last day of the related Collection Period. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any Ineligible Contracts, the Borrower may repurchase the Loans related thereto in lieu of such Ineligible Contracts and deposit into the Collection Account the Release Price of such Loans (as if such Loans were Ineligible Loans). Each Loan or Contract which is subject to a payment in accordance with this Section 4.5(a) shall, upon payment in full of the related Release Price, be released from the lien created pursuant to this Agreement and shall no longer constitute Collateral. The Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties shall, at the sole expense of the Servicer, execute and deliver such instruments of transfer, in each case without recourse, representation or warranty, as shall be prepared and reasonably requested by the Servicer on behalf of the Borrower to vest in the Borrower, or its designee or assignee, all right, title and interest of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties in, to and under the Loans or Contract subject to a payment in accordance with this Section 4.5(a).
(b)Retransfer of All of the Loans. In the event of a breach of any representation or warranty set forth in Section 4.2 hereof which breach could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, by notice then given in writing to the Borrower, the Deal Agent may direct the Borrower to accept the release by the Collateral Agent of all of the Loans (as directed in writing by the Deal Agent, acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders), in which case the Borrower shall be obligated to accept the release of such Loans on a Payment Date specified by the Deal Agent (such date, the “Release Date”). The Borrower shall deposit in the Collection Account on the Release Date an amount equal to: (A) the Aggregate Unpaids minus (B) the amount, if any, available in the Collection Account and the Reserve Account on such Payment Date (the “Retransfer Amount”) for allocation and distribution in accordance with Section 2.7. On the Release Date, provided that the full Retransfer Amount has been deposited into the Collection Account, the Loans and Related Security related thereto shall be transferred to the Borrower; and the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties shall, at the sole expense of the Servicer, execute and deliver such instruments of transfer, in each case without recourse, representation or warranty, as shall be prepared and reasonably requested by the Servicer on behalf of the Borrower to vest in the Borrower, or its designee or assignee, all right, title and interest of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties in, to and under the Loans.
(c)Except as expressly set forth in this Section 4.5, neither the Collateral Agent nor the Backup Servicer shall have any enforcement obligation with respect to breaches of representations or warranties pursuant to the Transaction Documents. Neither the Collateral Agent nor the Backup Servicer shall have any duty to conduct an affirmative investigation as to the occurrence of any condition requiring the repurchase of any Loan pursuant to this Agreement or the eligibility of any Loan for purposes of the Transaction Documents. Without limiting the generality of any other provision hereof, the Collateral Agent shall have no obligation to inquire into, or investigate as to, the occurrence of any breach by the Borrower of any representation or warranty hereunder and, absent receipt of written notice in accordance with this Section, may conclusively assume that no such breach has occurred. For the avoidance of doubt, the Collateral Agent shall not be responsible for determining whether any breach of representations or warranty
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or document defect constitutes a breach or defect or the materiality of any such purported breach or defect, the enforcement of any repurchase obligation under any Transaction Document, or any repurchase-related liabilities.
(d)Remedy for Breach. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in Sections 10.1(g) and 10.2, the parties hereto agree that the sole remedy for the breach by the Borrower of the representations and warranties set forth in Section 4.2 hereof with respect to the eligibility of a Loan or Contract shall be set forth in this Section 4.5.
(e)Application. Amounts paid in accordance with Section 4.5(a) and (b) shall be distributed on the next succeeding Payment Date in accordance with Section 2.7.
(f)Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, payments required under Section 4.5(a) and (b) shall not be required (i) during the Revolving Period, if the Collateral Amount is greater than the Minimum Collateral Amount and (ii) during the Amortization Period: (x) with respect to any Loan, so long as the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Loans which would be Ineligible Loans as a result of being subject to the foregoing payment obligations during the Amortization Period is less than the sum of: (1) the product of (i) the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Loans sold to the Borrower during the Amortization Period and (ii) the Net Advance Rate; and (2) all amounts payable under Section 4.5(a) which have been previously paid during the Amortization Period in respect of Ineligible Loans; and (y) with respect to any Contract, so long as the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Contracts which would be Ineligible Contracts as a result of being subject to the foregoing payment obligations during the Amortization Period is less than the sum of: (1) the product of (i) the aggregate Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Contracts an interest in which is sold to the Borrower during the Amortization Period and (ii) a fraction, the numerator of which is equal to the Aggregate Term Loan Balance and the denominator of which is equal to the Outstanding Balance of all Eligible Contracts; and (2) all amounts payable under Section 4.5(a) which have been previously paid during the Amortization Period in respect of Ineligible Contracts.
Article V

GENERAL COVENANTS
Section 5.1     Affirmative Covenants of the Borrower. From the date hereof until the Collection Date:
(a)Compliance with Laws. The Borrower will comply in all material respects with all Applicable Laws, including those with respect to the Loans and Dealer Agreements.
(b)Preservation of Limited Liability Company Existence; Conduct of Business. The Borrower will preserve and maintain its existence, rights, franchises and privileges in the jurisdiction of its formation, and qualify and remain qualified in good standing as a foreign limited liability company in each jurisdiction where the failure to preserve and maintain such existence, rights, franchises, privileges and qualification has had, or could reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect. The Borrower will carry on and conduct its business in substantially the same manner and in substantially the same fields of enterprise as it is presently conducted and do
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all things necessary to remain duly organized, validly existing and in good standing as a domestic limited liability company in the jurisdiction of its formation and maintain all requisite authority to conduct its business in each jurisdiction in which its business is conducted.
(c)Performance and Compliance with Loans, Dealer Agreements and Contracts. The Borrower will, at its expense, timely and fully perform and comply (or cause the Originator to perform and comply pursuant to the Contribution Agreement) with all provisions, covenants and other promises required to be observed by it under the Loans, Dealer Agreements and Contracts and all other agreements related thereto in all material respects.
(d)Keeping of Records and Books of Account. The Borrower will maintain or cause to be maintained and implement administrative and operating procedures (including, without limitation, an ability to recreate records evidencing Loans in the event of the destruction of the originals thereof), and keep and maintain or cause to be kept and maintained all documents, books, records and other information reasonably necessary or advisable for the collection of all Loans.
(e)Originator Assets. With respect to each Loan acquired by the Borrower, the Borrower will: (i) acquire such Loan pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of the Contribution Agreement; (ii) take all action necessary to perfect, protect and more fully evidence the Borrower’s ownership of such Loan, including, without limitation, (A) filing and maintaining effective financing statements (Form UCC-1) against the Originator in all necessary or appropriate filing offices, and filing continuation statements, amendments or assignments with respect thereto in such filing offices, and (B) executing or causing to be executed such other instruments or notices as may be necessary or appropriate; and (iii) take all additional action that the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent may reasonably request to perfect, protect and more fully evidence the respective interests of the parties to this Agreement in the Collateral.
(f)Delivery of Collections. Subject to Section 2.9(d) hereof, the Borrower will deposit or cause to be deposited to the Collection Account promptly (but in no event later than two (2) Business Days after receipt) all Collections received by the Borrower in respect of the Loans or the Contracts.
(g)Separate Corporate Existence. The Borrower shall be in compliance with the requirements set forth in Section 5.2(o).
(h)Credit Guidelines and Collection Guidelines. The Borrower will comply in all material respects with the Credit Guidelines and the Collection Guidelines with respect to each Loan and Contract unless otherwise required by Applicable Law.
(i)Taxes. The Borrower will file and pay any and all Taxes imposed upon it or any of its property, income or assets (other than any amount of Tax the validity of which is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and with respect to which reserves in accordance with GAAP have been provided on the books of the Borrower).
(j)Use of Proceeds. The Borrower will use the amounts advanced by the Lenders pursuant hereto only to acquire Loans and related Collateral pursuant to the Contribution Agreement or to make distributions to Credit Acceptance.
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(k)Reporting. The Borrower will maintain for itself a system of accounting established and administered in a manner consistent with GAAP and furnish or cause to be furnished to the Deal Agent and each Lender the following information:
(i)Annual Reporting. Within 120 days after the close of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal years (or upon prior notice from Credit Acceptance to the Deal Agent, such longer time period after the close of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal year as may be temporarily permitted by the SEC or under the Exchange Act for the benefit of a class or classes of persons (collectively and not individually) for Credit Acceptance to file its Annual Report on 10-K for such fiscal year with the SEC, but excluding any longer time periods resulting from (i) relief provided specifically by the SEC to Credit Acceptance or (ii) Credit Acceptance’s notification to the SEC of its inability to file pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 12b-25), audited financial statements for Credit Acceptance and all of its Subsidiaries, accompanied by an unqualified audit report certified by independent certified public accountants, prepared in accordance with GAAP on a consolidated basis and any management letter prepared by said accountants, and acceptable to the Deal Agent;
(ii)Quarterly Reporting. Within 60 days after the close of each of the first three quarterly periods of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal years (or upon prior notice from Credit Acceptance to the Deal Agent, such longer time period after the close of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal quarter as may be temporarily permitted by the SEC or under the Exchange Act for the benefit of a class or classes of persons (collectively and not individually) for Credit Acceptance to file its Quarterly Report on 10-Q for such fiscal quarter with the SEC, but excluding any longer time periods resulting from (i) relief provided specifically by the SEC to Credit Acceptance or (ii) Credit Acceptance’s notification to the SEC of its inability to file pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 12b-25), for Credit Acceptance and its Subsidiaries, consolidated unaudited balance sheets as at the close of each such period and consolidated related statements of operations, shareholder’s equity and cash flows for the period from the beginning of such fiscal year to the end of such quarter, all certified by its chief financial officer or chief treasury officer as true, accurate and complete in all material respects;
(iii)Compliance Certificate. Together with the financial statements required hereunder, a compliance certificate signed by Credit Acceptance’s chief financial officer or chief treasury officer stating that (x) the attached financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and accurately reflect the financial condition of Credit Acceptance and (y) to the best of such Person’s knowledge, no Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event exists, or if any Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event exists, stating the nature and status thereof;
(iv)Shareholders Statements and Reports. Promptly upon the furnishing thereof to the members or shareholders of the Borrower or Credit Acceptance, copies of all financial statements, reports and proxy statements so furnished, to the extent such information has not been provided pursuant to another clause of this Section 5.1(k);
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(v)SEC Filings. Promptly upon the filing thereof, copies of all registration statements and annual, quarterly, monthly or other regular reports which Credit Acceptance or any subsidiary files with the SEC;
(vi)Notice of Termination Events or Unmatured Termination Events. As soon as possible and in any event within two (2) days after the occurrence of each Termination Event or each Unmatured Termination Event, a statement of the chief financial officer or chief treasury officer of the Borrower setting forth details of such Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event and the action which the Borrower proposes to take with respect thereto;
(vii)Collection Guidelines. Credit Acceptance will deliver a complete copy of the most current Collection Guidelines to the Lenders prior to the Closing Date;
(viii)ERISA. Promptly after the filing or receiving thereof, copies of all reports and notices with respect to any Reportable Event (as defined in Article IV of ERISA) which the Borrower, Credit Acceptance or any ERISA Affiliate of the Borrower or Credit Acceptance files under ERISA with the Internal Revenue Service, the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or the U.S. Department of Labor or which the Borrower, Credit Acceptance or any ERISA Affiliates of the Borrower or Credit Acceptance receives from the Internal Revenue Service, the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or the U.S. Department of Labor;
(ix)Proceedings. As soon as possible and in any event within two (2) Business Days after any executive officer of the Borrower receives notice or obtains knowledge thereof, any settlement of, material judgment (including a material judgment with respect to the liability phase of a bifurcated trial) in or commencement of any labor controversy litigation, action, suit or proceeding (in each case, of a material nature), before any court or governmental department, commission, board, bureau, agency or instrumentality, domestic or foreign, affecting the Borrower or any of its Affiliates;
(x)Notice of Material Events. Promptly upon becoming aware thereof, notice of any other event or circumstances that, in the reasonable judgment of the Borrower, is likely to have a Material Adverse Effect; and
(xi)Other Information. Such other information, documents, records or reports (including non-financial information) as the Deal Agent, each Lender or the Collateral Agent may from time to time reasonably request with respect to Credit Acceptance, the Borrower, the Servicer or any Subsidiary of any of the foregoing.
(l)Compliance with Applicable Law. The Borrower shall duly satisfy in all material respects its obligations under or in connection with each Loan and Contract, will maintain in effect all material qualifications required under all Applicable Law, and will comply in all material respects with all other Applicable Law in connection with each Loan and Contract the failure to comply with which would have a material adverse effect on the interests of the Secured Parties in the Collateral.
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(m)Furnishing of Information and Inspection of Records. The Borrower will furnish to the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, from time to time, such information with respect to the Loans and Contracts as may be reasonably requested, including, without limitation, a computer file or other list identifying each Loan and Contract by pool number, account number and dealer number and by the Outstanding Balance and identifying the Obligor on such Loan or Contract. The Borrower will, at any time and from time to time during regular business hours, upon reasonable notice, permit the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, or its agents or representatives, to examine and make copies of and abstracts from all Records, to visit the offices and properties of the Borrower for the purpose of examining such Records, and to discuss matters relating to the Loans or Contracts or the Borrower’s performance hereunder and under the other Transaction Documents with any of the officers, directors, employees or independent public accountants of the Borrower having knowledge of such matters; provided, however, that the Deal Agent, each Lender and the Collateral Agent each acknowledges that in exercising the rights and privileges conferred in this Section 5.1(m) it or its agents and representatives may, from time to time, obtain knowledge of information, practices, books, correspondence and records of a confidential nature and in which the Borrower has a proprietary interest. The Deal Agent, each Lender and the Collateral Agent each agrees that all such information, practices, books, correspondence and records are to be regarded as confidential information and agrees that it shall retain in strict confidence and shall use its reasonable efforts to ensure that its agents and representatives retain in strict confidence, and will not disclose without the prior written consent of the Borrower, any such information, practices, books, correspondence and records furnished to them except that it may disclose such information: (i) to its officers, directors, employees, agents, counsel, accountants, auditors, affiliates, advisors or representatives (provided that such Persons are informed of the confidential nature of such information); (ii) to the extent such information has become available to the public other than as a result of a disclosure by or through the Deal Agent, any Lender, the Collateral Agent or its officers, directors, employees, agents, counsel, accountants, auditors, affiliates, advisors or representatives; (iii) to the extent such information was available to the Deal Agent, any Lender or the Collateral Agent on a non-confidential basis prior to its disclosure hereunder; (iv) to the extent the Deal Agent, any Lender or the Collateral Agent should be (A) required under the Transaction Documents or in connection with any legal or regulatory proceeding or (B) requested by any bank regulatory authority to disclose such information; or (v) to any Lender or prospective assignee or Lender; provided, that the relevant Lender shall notify such prospective assignee or Lender of the confidentiality provisions of this Section 5.1(m).
(n)Keeping of Records and Books of Account. The Borrower will maintain and implement or cause to be maintained and implemented administrative and operating procedures (including, without limitation, an ability to recreate records evidencing the Loans and Contracts in the event of the destruction of the originals thereof), and keep and maintain, or obtain, as and when required, all documents, books, records and other information reasonably necessary or advisable for the collection of all amounts due under the Loans and Contracts (including, without limitation, records adequate to permit adjustments to amounts due under each existing Loan and Contract). The Borrower will give the Deal Agent and each Lender notice of any material change in the administrative and operating procedures of the Borrower referred to in the previous sentence.
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(o)Notice of Liens. The Borrower will advise the Deal Agent, each Lender and the Collateral Agent promptly, in reasonable detail of: (i) any Lien asserted by a Person against any of the Loans or Contracts or other Collateral; (ii) any breach by the Borrower, the Originator or the Servicer of any of its representations, warranties and covenants contained herein or in any other Transaction Document; and (iii) the occurrence of any other event which would have a Material Adverse Effect.
(p)Protection of Interest in Collateral. The Borrower shall file or cause to be filed such continuation statements and any other documents reasonably requested by the Deal Agent or any Lender or which may be required by law to fully preserve and protect the interest of the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties in and to the Loans, the Contracts and the other Collateral.
(q)Contribution Agreement. The Borrower will at all times enforce the covenants and agreements of Credit Acceptance in the Contribution Agreement (including, without limitation, the rights and remedies against the Dealers).
(r)Notice of Delegation of Servicer’s Duties. The Borrower promptly shall notify the Collateral Agent of any delegation by the Servicer of any of the Servicer’s duties under this Agreement which is not in the ordinary course of business of the Servicer.
(s)Organizational Documents. The Borrower shall only amend, alter, change or repeal its certificate of formation or limited liability company agreement with the prior written consent of the Deal Agent.
(t)Compliance. The Borrower shall, and the Borrower shall ensure that each member of the Borrowing Group will, comply with Sanctions, Anti-Money Laundering Laws and Anti-Corruption Laws.
(u)Beneficial Ownership Certification. The Borrower will notify Lender of any change in the information provided in any Beneficial Ownership Certification that would result in a change to the list of beneficial owners identified in such certification.
(v)Post-Closing Matters. The Borrower shall have obtained a sales finance company license from the states of Maryland and Pennsylvania no later than the ninetieth (90th) day following the Closing Date.
Section 5.2     Negative Covenants of the Borrower. From the date hereof until the Collection Date:
(a)Other Business. Borrower will not: (i) engage in any business other than the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents; (ii) incur any indebtedness, obligation, liability or contingent obligation of any kind other than pursuant to the Transaction Documents; or (iii) form any Subsidiary or make any Investments in any other Person without the prior written consent of each Lender.
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(b)Loans Not to be Evidenced by Instruments. The Borrower will take no action to cause any Loan that is not, as of the Closing Date, evidenced by an Instrument, to be so evidenced except in connection with the enforcement or collection of such Loan.
(c)Security Interests. The Borrower will not sell, pledge, assign or transfer to any other Person, or grant, create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien (other than the Lien described in Section 4.2(a)(iii)) on any Loan, Contract, Related Security or any other Collateral, whether now existing or hereafter transferred hereunder, or any interest therein, and the Borrower will not sell, pledge, assign or suffer to exist any Lien on its interest, if any, hereunder. The Borrower will promptly notify the Deal Agent of the existence of any Lien on any Loan, Contract, Related Security or any other Collateral and the Borrower shall defend the right, title and interest of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties in, to and under the Loans, Contracts, Related Security and other Collateral, against all claims of third parties.
(d)Mergers, Acquisitions, Sales, etc. The Borrower will not be a party to any merger or consolidation, or purchase or otherwise acquire all or substantially all of the assets or any stock of any class of, or any partnership or joint venture interest in, any other Person, or, sell, transfer, convey or lease all or any substantial part of its assets, or sell or assign with or without recourse any Loan, Contracts, Related Security or other Collateral or any interest therein (other than pursuant to and in accordance with the Transaction Documents).
(e)[Reserved].
(f)[Reserved].
(g)Change of Name or Location of Records Files. The Borrower shall not (x) change its name or state of organization, move the location of its principal place of business and chief executive office, and the offices where it keeps the Records from the locations referred to in Sections 4.1(p) and 14.2 or (y) move, or consent to the Custodian or Servicer moving, the Records/Contract Files from the location thereof on the Closing Date, unless the Borrower has given at least 30 days’ written notice to the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent and has taken all actions required under the UCC of each relevant jurisdiction in order to continue the first priority perfected security interest of the Collateral Agent, as agent for the Secured Parties, in the Collateral; provided, that, Credit Acceptance may temporarily (or permanently, solely in the case of a Contract that is repurchased, liquidated or paid in full) move or transfer individual Contract Files or Records, or any portion thereof without notice in accordance with Section 6.2(c)(ii).
(h)Accounting of the Contribution Agreement. The Borrower will not account for or treat (whether in financial statements or otherwise) the transaction contemplated by the Contribution Agreement in any manner other than as a contribution, or absolute assignment, of the Loans and related assets by the Originator to the Borrower.
(i)ERISA Matters. The Borrower will not: (i) engage or permit any ERISA Affiliate to engage in any prohibited transaction for which an exemption is not available or has not previously been obtained from the United States Department of Labor; (ii) permit to exist any accumulated funding deficiency, as defined in Section 302(a) of ERISA and Section 412(a) of the Code, or funding deficiency with respect to any Benefit Plan other than a Multiemployer Plan; (iii)
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fail to make any payments to a Multiemployer Plan that the Borrower or any ERISA Affiliate may be required to make under the agreement relating to such Multiemployer Plan or any law pertaining thereto; (iv) terminate any Benefit Plan so as to result in any liability; or (v) permit to exist any occurrence of any reportable event described in Title IV of ERISA.
(j)Contribution Agreement. The Borrower will not amend, modify, waive or terminate any provision of the Contribution Agreement unless the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have consented to such change in writing and has received duly executed copies of all documentation related thereto. The Borrower will not take any action under the Contribution Agreement which would have a Material Adverse Effect.
(k)Changes in Payment Instructions to Obligors. The Borrower will not make any change, or permit the Servicer to make any change, in its instructions to Obligors regarding where payments in respect of Contracts are to be made to the Borrower or the Servicer, unless the Required Lenders shall have consented to such change in writing and have received duly executed copies of all documentation related thereto.
(l)Extension or Amendment. The Borrower will not, except as otherwise permitted hereunder or by law, extend, amend or otherwise modify, or permit the Servicer to extend, amend or otherwise modify, the terms of any Dealer Agreement, Loan or Contract; provided, however, the Dealer Agreements may be amended in connection with the closing of or opening of a Pool.
(m)Collection Guidelines. The Borrower will not permit the amendment, modification, restatement or replacement, in whole or in part, of the Collection Guidelines of the initial Servicer, which change would materially impair the collectability of any Loan or Contract or otherwise materially adversely affect the interests or the remedies of the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or the Secured Parties under this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, without the prior written consent of the Required Lenders other than to the extent required by Applicable Law.
(n)No Assignments. The Borrower will not assign or delegate, or grant any interest in, or permit any Lien to exist upon, any of its rights, obligations or duties under this Agreement without the prior written consent of the Lenders.
(o)Special Purpose Entity. The Borrower has not and shall not:
(i)engage in any business or activity other than the purchase and receipt of Loans and related assets from the Originator under the Contribution Agreement, the pledge of Loans and related assets under the Transaction Documents and such other activities as are incidental thereto;
(ii)acquire or own any material assets other than (A) the Loans and related assets from the Originator under the Contribution Agreement and (B) incidental property as may be necessary for the operation of the Borrower;
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(iii)merge into or consolidate with any Person or dissolve, terminate or liquidate in whole or in part, transfer or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets or change its legal structure, without in each case first obtaining the consent of each Lender;
(iv)fail to preserve its existence as an entity duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization or formation, or without the prior written consent of the Deal Agent, amend, modify, terminate, fail to comply with the provisions of its limited liability company agreement, or fail to observe limited liability company formalities;
(v)own any subsidiary or make any investment in any Person without the consent of each Lender;
(vi)commingle its assets or funds with the assets or funds of any of its Affiliates, or of any other Person, except for (A) Dealer Collections, (B) erroneous deposits or (C) prior to the identification and separation of such funds or assets by the Servicer in accordance with the Servicer’s normal and customary business practices;
(vii)incur any debt, secured or unsecured, direct or contingent (including guaranteeing any obligation), other than (A) indebtedness to the Lenders hereunder or in conjunction with a repayment of Aggregate Unpaids owed to the Lenders, (B) indebtedness to the Originator under the Contribution Agreement in respect of the purchase of Loans (which indebtedness, if any, shall be subordinate to the indebtedness arising hereunder), and (C) trade payables in the ordinary course of its business, provided that such debt is not evidenced by a note and paid when due;
(viii)become insolvent or fail to pay its debts and liabilities from its assets as the same shall become due;
(ix)fail to maintain its records, books of account and bank accounts separate and apart from those of its principal and Affiliates, and any other Person;
(x)enter into any contract or agreement with any of its principals or Affiliates or any other Person, except upon terms and conditions that are commercially reasonable and intrinsically fair and substantially similar to those that would be available on an arms-length basis with third parties other than any principal or Affiliates;
(xi)seek its dissolution or winding up in whole or in part;
(xii)fail to correct any known misunderstandings regarding the separate identity of the Borrower or an Affiliate thereof or any other Person;
(xiii)guarantee, become obligated for, or hold itself out to be responsible for the debt of another Person;
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(xiv)make any loan or advances to any third party, including any Affiliate, or hold evidence of indebtedness issued by any other Person (other than cash and investment-grade securities);
(xv)fail either to hold itself out to the public as a legal entity separate and distinct from any other Person or to conduct its business solely in its own name in order not (A) to mislead others as to the identity with which such other party is transacting business, or (B) to suggest that it is responsible for the debts of any third party (including any of its Affiliates);
(xvi)fail to maintain adequate capital for the normal obligations reasonably foreseeable in a business of its size and character and in light of its contemplated business operations;
(xvii)file or consent to the filing or any petition, either voluntary or involuntary, to take advantage of any applicable insolvency, bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganization statute, or make an assignment for the benefit of creditors;
(xviii)share any common logo with or hold itself out as or be considered as a department or division of (A) any of its Affiliates or (B) any other Person;
(xix)permit any transfer (whether in any one or more transactions) of any direct or indirect ownership interest in the Borrower;
(xx)fail to maintain separate financial statements, showing its assets and liabilities separate and apart from those of any other Person, or have its assets listed on the financial statement of any other Person (for the avoidance of doubt, except its parent in accordance with GAAP);
(xxi)fail to pay its own liabilities and expenses only out of its own funds;
(xxii)fail to pay the salaries of its own employees in light of its contemplated business operations;
(xxiii)acquire the obligations or securities of its Affiliates or members;
(xxiv)fail to allocate fairly and reasonably any overhead expenses that are shared with an Affiliate, including paying for office space and services performed by any employee of an Affiliate;
(xxv)to the extent it has invoices or checks, fail to use separate invoices or checks bearing its own name;
(xxvi)pledge its assets for the benefit of any other Person, other than with respect to payment of the indebtedness to the Lenders hereunder;
(xxvii)fail at any time to have at least two (2) independent directors (each, an “Independent Director”) on its board of directors that (A) is not and has not been for at
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least five (5) years a director, officer, employee, trade creditor or shareholder (or spouse, parent, sibling or child of the foregoing) of (I) the Servicer, (II) the Borrower, or (III) any Affiliate of the Servicer or the Borrower; provided, however, such Independent Director may be an independent director or manager of another special purpose entity affiliated with the Servicer, and (B) has, (I) prior experience as an Independent Director for a corporation or limited liability company whose charter documents required the unanimous consent of all Independent Directors thereof before such corporation or limited liability company could consent to the institution of bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings against it or could file a petition seeking relief under any applicable federal or state law relating to bankruptcy and (II) at least three years of employment experience with one or more entities that provide, in the ordinary course of their respective businesses, advisory, management or placement services to borrowers or issuers of securitization or structured finance instruments, agreements or securities;
(xxviii)fail to provide that the unanimous consent of all directors (including the consent of the Independent Directors) is required for the Borrower to (A) dissolve or liquidate, in whole or part, or institute proceedings to be adjudicated bankrupt or insolvent, (B) institute or consent to the institution of bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings against it, (C) file a petition seeking or consent to reorganization or relief under any applicable federal or state law relating to bankruptcy or insolvency, (D) seek or consent to the appointment of a receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee, sequestrator, custodian or any similar official for the Borrower, (E) make any assignment for the benefit of the Borrower’s creditors, (F) admit in writing its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, or (G) take any action in furtherance of any of the foregoing; and
(xxix)take or refrain from taking, as applicable, each of the activities specified in the non-consolidation opinion of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, delivered on the Closing Date, upon which the conclusions expressed therein are based.
(p)Use of Proceeds.
(i)Sanctions. The Borrower shall not, and shall ensure that each member of the Borrowing Group will not, directly or indirectly use any of the credit to fund, finance or facilitate any activities, business or transactions (a) that are prohibited by Sanctions or (b) that would be prohibited by Sanctions if conducted by the Lender or any other party hereto. The Borrower shall notify the Lender in writing not more than three (3) Business Days after first becoming aware of any breach of this section.
(ii)Anti-Money Laundering/Anti-Corruption Laws. The Borrower shall not, and shall ensure that each member of the Borrowing Group will not, directly or indirectly use any of the credit to fund, finance or facilitate any activities, business or transactions that would be prohibited by Anti-Money Laundering Laws or Anti-Corruption Laws.
(q)Source of Repayment and Collateral. The Borrower shall not fund any repayment of the credit with proceeds, or provide as collateral any property, that is directly or indirectly derived from any transaction or activity that is prohibited by Sanctions, Anti-Money
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Laundering Laws or Anti-Corruption Laws, or that could otherwise cause the Lender or any other party to this Agreement to be in violation of Sanctions, Anti-Money Laundering Laws or Anti-Corruption Laws.
(r)Tax Treatment. The Borrower will not file an election or take any other action that would cause the Borrower to be treated as other than an entity disregarded as separate from the Originator for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
Section 5.3     [Reserved].
Section 5.4     Affirmative Covenants of the Servicer. From the date hereof until the Collection Date:
(a)Compliance with Law. The Servicer will comply in all material respects with all Applicable Laws, including those with respect to the Contracts, the Loans and the Dealer Agreements or any part thereof.
(b)Preservation of Existence. The Servicer will preserve and maintain its existence, rights, franchises and privileges in the jurisdiction of its formation, and qualify and remain qualified in good standing as a foreign corporation in each jurisdiction where the failure to preserve and maintain such existence, rights, franchises, privileges and qualification has had, or could reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect.
(c)Obligations and Compliance with Loans and Contracts. The Servicer (i) will duly fulfill and comply with all material obligations on the part of the Borrower to be fulfilled or complied with under or in connection with each Loan and each Contract and (ii) will do nothing to impair the rights of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties or of the Secured Parties in, to and under the Collateral; provided, that, no such impairment shall be deemed to have occurred so long as the Borrower has fulfilled all of its payment obligations under Section 4.5.
(d)Keeping of Records and Books of Account. The Servicer will maintain and implement administrative and operating procedures (including without limitation, an ability to recreate records evidencing the Loans and Contracts in the event of the destruction of the originals thereof), and keep and maintain all documents, books, records and other information reasonably necessary or advisable for the collection of all Loans.
(e)Preservation of Security Interest. The Servicer will file such financing and continuation statements and any other documents that may be required by any law or regulation of any Governmental Authority to preserve and protect fully the security interest of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties in, to and under the Collateral. In its capacity as Custodian, it will maintain possession of, or control over, the Contract Files and Records, as Custodian for the Secured Parties, as set forth in Section 6.2(c).
(f)Collection Guidelines. (i) The Servicer will comply in all material respects with the Collection Guidelines or with Applicable Law in regard to each Loan and Contract.
(i)The initial Servicer will not agree to or otherwise permit to occur any change in the Collection Guidelines, which change would materially impair the
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collectability of any Loan or Contract or otherwise materially adversely affect the interests or remedies of the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or the Secured Parties under this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, without notice to the Backup Servicer and the prior written consent of the Required Lenders other than if required by Applicable Law.
(g)Amortization Events and Termination Events. The Servicer will furnish to the Deal Agent and each Lender, as soon as possible and in any event within two (2) Business Days after the occurrence of each Amortization Event, each Termination Event and each Unmatured Termination Event, a written statement of the chief financial officer or chief treasury officer of the Servicer setting forth the details of such event and the action that the Servicer purposes to take with respect thereto.
(h)Other. The Servicer will furnish to the Deal Agent, any Lender, the Backup Servicer or the Collateral Agent, as applicable, promptly, from time to time, such other information, documents, records or reports respecting the Collateral or the condition or operations, financial or otherwise, of the Borrower or the Servicer as the Deal Agent, any Lender, the Backup Servicer or the Collateral Agent may from time to time reasonably request in order to protect the interests of the Collateral Agent or the Secured Parties under or as contemplated by this Agreement.
(i)Losses, Etc. In any suit, proceeding or action brought by the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent or any Secured Party for any sum owing thereto, the Servicer shall save, indemnify and keep the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties harmless from and against all expense, loss or damage (including reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and expenses, including, without limitation, any reasonable and documented legal fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with any enforcement (including any action, claim or suit brought) by the Backup Servicer or the Collateral Agent of any indemnification or other obligation of the Servicer) suffered by reason of any defense, setoff, counterclaim, recoupment or reduction of liability whatsoever of the Obligor under a Loan or Contract, arising out of a breach by the Servicer of any obligation under the related Loan or Contract or arising out of any other agreement, indebtedness or liability at any time owing to or in favor of such Obligor or its successor from the Servicer, and all such obligations of the Servicer shall be and remain enforceable against and only against the Servicer and shall not be enforceable against the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent or any Secured Party.
(j)Notice of Liens. The Servicer shall advise the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent, each Lender and the Deal Agent promptly, in reasonable detail of: (i) any Lien asserted or claim made against any portion of the Collateral; (ii) the occurrence of any breach by the Servicer of any of its representations, warranties and covenants contained herein or in any other Transaction Document; and (iii) the occurrence of any other event which would have a Material Adverse Effect.
(k)Realization on Loans or Contracts. In the event that the Servicer realizes upon any Loan or Contract, the methods utilized by the Servicer to realize upon such Loan or Contract or otherwise enforce any provisions of such Loan or Contract will not subject the Servicer, the Borrower, any Secured Party, the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent to liability under any federal, state or local law, and such enforcement by the Servicer will be conducted in all
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material respects in accordance with the provisions of the Credit Guidelines (unless the Backup Servicer is then the Successor Servicer), the Collection Guidelines, Applicable Law and, in the case of Credit Acceptance, this Agreement, and in the case of the Backup Servicer if it has become the Servicer, the Backup Servicing Agreement.
(l)Backup Servicing Agreement. The Servicer shall provide the Backup Servicer with all information, data and reports as required by the terms of the Backup Servicing Agreement.
(m)Monthly Reports. Not later than the Determination Date preceding each Payment Date, the Servicer will furnish to the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Collateral Agent and the Backup Servicer a Monthly Report relating to the immediately preceding Collection Period.
Section 5.5     Negative Covenants of the Servicer. From the date hereof until the Collection Date.
(a)Mergers, Acquisition, Sales, etc. The Servicer (unless the Backup Servicer is then the Successor Servicer) will not consolidate with or merge into any other Person or convey or transfer its properties and assets substantially as an entirety to any Person, unless the Servicer is the surviving entity and unless:
(i)the Servicer has delivered to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Backup Servicer an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each stating that any consolidation, merger, conveyance or transfer and any related supplemental agreement comply with this Section 5.5 and that all conditions precedent herein provided for relating to such transaction have been complied with and, in the case of the Opinion of Counsel, that such supplemental agreement is legal, valid and binding with respect to the Servicer and such other matters as the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) may reasonably request;
(ii)the Servicer shall have delivered notice of such consolidation, merger, conveyance or transfer to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Backup Servicer; and
(iii)after giving effect thereto, no Termination Event, Unmatured Termination Event, Servicer Termination Event or event that with notice or lapse of time, or both, would constitute a Servicer Termination Event shall have occurred.
(b)Change of Name or Location of Records. The Servicer shall not (x) change its name or its state of organization, move the location of its principal place of business and chief executive office, and the offices where it keeps records concerning the Loans from the locations referred to in Sections 4.1(p) and 14.2 or (y) move, or consent to the Custodian moving, the Records from the location thereof on the Closing Date, unless the Servicer has given at least 30 days’ written notice to the Deal Agent and has taken all actions required under the UCC of each relevant jurisdiction in order to continue the first priority perfected security interest of the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties in the Collateral; provided, that, Credit Acceptance may temporarily (or permanently, solely in the case of a Contract that is repurchased,
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liquidated or paid in full) move or transfer individual Contract Files or Records, or any portion thereof without notice in accordance with Section 6.2(c)(ii).
(c)Change in Payment Instructions to Obligors. The Servicer will not make any change in its instructions to Obligors regarding where payments in respect of Contracts are to be made, unless the Required Lenders have consented to such change and have received duly executed documentation related thereto.
(d)[Reserved].
(e)No Instruments. The Servicer shall take no action to cause any Loan to be evidenced by any instrument (as defined in the UCC as in effect in the relevant State) except for instruments obtained with respect to defaulted Loans.
(f)No Liens. The Servicer shall not sell, pledge, assign or transfer to any other Person, or grant, create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien (other than the Lien described in Section 4.2(a)(iii)) on the Collateral or any interest therein; the Servicer will notify the Collateral Agent and the Deal Agent of the existence of any Lien on any portion of the Collateral immediately upon discovery thereof, and the Servicer shall defend the right, title and interest of the Collateral Agent on behalf of the Secured Parties in, to and under the Collateral against all claims of third parties claiming through or under the Servicer.
(g)Information. The Servicer shall, within two (2) Business Days of its receipt thereof, respond to reasonable written directions or written requests for information that the Backup Servicer, the Borrower, the Deal Agent, any Lender or the Collateral Agent might have with respect to the administration of the Loans.
(h)Consent. The Servicer will promptly advise the Borrower, the Backup Servicer, the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent of any inquiry received from an Obligor which requires the consent of the Borrower, the Backup Servicer, the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent.
(i)Credit Guidelines and Collection Guidelines. The initial Servicer will not amend, modify, restate or replace in any way the Credit Guidelines or the Collection Guidelines, which change would materially impair the collectability of any Loan or Contract or otherwise materially adversely affect the interests or the remedies of the Deal Agent, Collateral Agent or the Secured Parties under this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, without notice to the Backup Servicer and the prior written consent of the Required Lenders in the case of the Credit Guidelines or without the prior written consent of the Deal Agent and the Required Lenders with respect to the Collection Guidelines, in each case unless required by Applicable Law.
Section 5.6     Negative Covenants of the Backup Servicer. From the date hereof until the Collection Date:
(a)No Changes in Backup Servicing Fee. The Backup Servicer will not make any changes to the Backup Servicing Fee without the prior written approval of the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders).
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Article VI

ADMINISTRATION AND SERVICING OF CONTRACTS
Section 6.1    Servicing. (a) The Borrower, the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent hereby appoint Credit Acceptance as servicer hereunder and Credit Acceptance hereby accepts such appointment and agrees to manage, collect and administer each of the Loans and Contracts as Servicer; provided, however, that the Collateral Agent shall have no liability with respect to such appointment. In the event of a Servicer Termination Event, the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have the right to terminate Credit Acceptance as servicer hereunder. Upon termination of Credit Acceptance as servicer of the Loans pursuant to Section 6.11 hereof, the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have the right to appoint a Successor Servicer and enter into a servicing agreement with such Successor Servicer at such time and exercise all of its rights under Section 6.3 hereof. Such servicing agreement shall specify the duties and obligations of such Successor Servicer, and all references herein to the Servicer shall be deemed to refer to such Successor Servicer.
(a)The Borrower shall cause the Servicer to deposit all Collections to the Collection Account no later than two (2) Business Days after receipt. The Servicer agrees to deposit all Collections to the Collection Account no later than two (2) Business Days after receipt.
(b)On or before 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Servicer, beginning with the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024, the Servicer shall cause a firm of independent public accountants (who may also render other services to the Servicer or the Borrower) to furnish a report to the Collateral Agent, the Deal Agent and the Secured Parties to the effect that such firm (i) compared the information contained in the Monthly Reports delivered during such fiscal year, based on a sample size provided by the Deal Agent, with the information contained in the Loans, the Contracts and the Servicer’s records and computer systems for such period, and that, on the basis of such agreed-upon procedures, such firm is of the opinion that the information contained in the Monthly Reports reconciles with the information contained in the Loans and the Contracts and the Servicer’s records and computer system and that the servicing of the Loans and the Contracts has been conducted in compliance with this Agreement, and (ii) verified the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance as of the end of each Collection Period during such fiscal year, except, in each case, for (a) such exceptions as such firm shall believe to be immaterial (which exceptions need not be enumerated) and (b) such other exceptions as shall be set forth in such statement. In the event such independent public accountants require the Collateral Agent to agree to the procedures to be performed by such firm in any of the reports required to be prepared pursuant to this Section 6.1(c), the Servicer shall direct the Collateral Agent in writing to so agree; it being understood and agreed that the Collateral Agent will deliver such letter of agreement in conclusive reliance upon the direction of the Servicer, and the Collateral Agent has not made any independent inquiry or investigation as to, and shall have no obligation or liability in respect of, the sufficiency, validity or correctness of such procedures. The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any claims, liabilities or expenses relating to such accountants’ engagement or any report issued in connection with such engagement, and the dissemination of any such report is subject to the written consent of the accountants.
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Section 6.2    Duties of the Servicer and Custodian.
(a)The Servicer shall take or cause to be taken all such action as may be necessary or advisable to collect all amounts due under the Loans and Contracts from time to time, all in material accordance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, with reasonable care and diligence, and in material accordance with the Collection Guidelines and Credit Guidelines, it being understood that there shall be no recourse to the Servicer with regard to the Loans and Contracts except as otherwise provided herein and in the other Transaction Documents. In performing its duties as initial Servicer, the initial Servicer shall use the same degree of care and attention it employs with respect to similar contracts and loans which it services for itself or others. Each of the Borrower, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties hereby appoints as its agent the Servicer, from time to time designated pursuant to Section 6.1 hereof, to enforce its respective rights and interests in and under the Collateral; provided, however, that the Collateral Agent shall have no liability with respect to such appointment. If the Servicer shall commence a legal proceeding to enforce a Loan or a Contract (for purposes of collection or otherwise), or if in any enforcement or other legal proceeding it shall be held that the Servicer may not enforce a Loan or a Contract, on the grounds that it shall not be a real party in interest or a holder entitled to enforce the Loan or Contract or on similar grounds, the Collateral Agent shall thereupon be deemed to have automatically assigned to the Servicer, solely for the purpose of enforcement, such Loan or Contract. Without limiting the foregoing, the Collateral Agent (and each Lender, if applicable) shall furnish the Servicer with an affidavit prepared by the Servicer that the Servicer may use in any such legal proceedings confirming the Servicer’s power and authority to sue and otherwise enforce the Loans and Contracts in its own name, consistent with this Section 6.2, and any powers of attorney or other documents prepared by the Servicer reasonably necessary or appropriate to enable the Servicer to carry out its servicing and administrative duties hereunder. The Servicer shall hold in trust for the Secured Parties all Records and any amounts it receives in respect of the Collateral. In the event that a Successor Servicer is appointed, the outgoing Servicer shall deliver to the Successor Servicer and the Successor Servicer shall hold in trust for the Borrower and the Secured Parties all records which evidence or relate to all or any part of the Collateral.
(b)The Servicer, if other than Credit Acceptance, shall as soon as practicable upon demand, deliver to the Borrower all records in its possession which evidence or relate to indebtedness of an Obligor which is not a Loan or a Contract.
(c)(i)    The Borrower, the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent hereby revocably appoint Credit Acceptance as custodian, and Credit Acceptance hereby accepts such appointment, to hold and maintain physical possession of the Contract Files and all Records (or with respect to any Contract constituting electronic chattel paper, to maintain “control” (within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC) of the Authoritative Electronic Copy thereof) (in such capacity together with its successors in such capacity, the “Custodian”); provided, however, that the Collateral Agent shall have no liability with respect to such appointment. The Contract Files and Records are to be delivered to the Custodian or its designated bailee by or on behalf of the Borrower, the Deal Agent and Collateral Agent within two (2) Business Days preceding the Closing Date or within two (2) Business Days after each Addition Date, as the case may be, with respect to each Loan acquired on the Addition Date.
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(ii)    The Custodian agrees to maintain the Contract Files and Records which are delivered to it at the offices of the Custodian as shall from time to time be identified to the Deal Agent by written notice. Subject to the foregoing, Credit Acceptance may temporarily (or permanently, in the case of a Contract that is repurchased, liquidated or paid in full) move or transfer to an agent of the Servicer individual Contract Files or Records, or any portion thereof without notice as necessary to allow the Servicer to conduct collection and other servicing activities in accordance with its customary practices and procedures.
(iii)    The Custodian shall have the following powers and perform the following duties:
(A)hold the Contract Files and Records for the benefit of the Secured Parties and maintain a current inventory thereof; and
(B)carry out such policies and procedures in accordance with its customary actions with respect to the handling and custody of the Contract Files and Records so that the integrity and physical possession of the Contract Files and Records (or with respect to any Contract constituting electronic chattel paper, the integrity and “control” (within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC) of the Authoritative Electronic Copy thereof) will be maintained.
In performing its duties as custodian, the Custodian agrees to act with reasonable care, using that degree of skill and care that it exercises with respect to similar Contracts or Loans owned or held by it for its own account or for any other Person.
(iv)     Credit Acceptance shall have the obligation to (i) physically segregate the Contract Files (to the extent held in physical form) from the other custodial files it is holding for its own account or on behalf of any other Person, (ii) physically mark the Contract folders (to the extent held in physical form) to demonstrate the transfer of Contract Files and the Collateral Agent’s security interest hereunder, (iii) mark its computer records indicating the transfer of any Contract Files relating to Contracts constituting electronic chattel paper and the Collateral Agent’s security interest hereunder, and (iv) with respect to each Contract constituting electronic chattel paper, cause the single “authoritative copy” (within the meaning of Section 9-105 of the UCC) to be communicated to and maintained at all times by Credit Acceptance such that the “authoritative copy” constitutes an Authoritative Electronic Copy at all times.
(d)(i) If (A) an Unsatisfactory Audit occurs or (B) a Servicer Termination Event or potential Servicer Termination Event occurs, the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have the right to terminate Credit Acceptance as the Custodian hereunder and the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have the right to appoint a successor Custodian hereunder who shall assume all the rights and obligations of the “Custodian” hereunder. On the effective date of the termination of Credit Acceptance as Servicer, Credit Acceptance shall be released of all of its obligations as Custodian arising on or after such date. The Contract Files and Records shall be delivered by Credit Acceptance to the successor Custodian, on or before the date which is two (2) Business Days prior to such date.
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(ii)    The Custodian shall provide to the Deal Agent access to the Contract Files and Records and all other documentation regarding the Contracts, Dealer Agreements and the Loans and the related Financed Vehicles in such cases where the Collateral Agent is required in connection with the enforcement of the rights or interests of the Secured Parties, or by applicable statutes or regulations to review such documentation, such access being afforded without charge.
(e)Two times per calendar year, the Deal Agent and the Lenders, acting in concert, may review the Servicer’s collection and administration of the Loans, Dealer Agreements and Contracts in order to assess compliance by the Servicer with the Servicer’s written policies and procedures, as well as with this Agreement, at the expense of the Servicer in an amount not to exceed $15,000 per annum, and may conduct an audit of the Loans, Dealer Agreements and Contracts and Contract Files in conjunction with such a review. On and after the occurrence of a Termination Event or Servicer Termination Event, the Deal Agent or any Lender may conduct such reviews and audits without limitation, at the Servicer’s expense.
Section 6.3    Rights After Designation of Successor Servicer. At any time following the designation of a Successor Servicer pursuant to Section 6.12(a):
(i)The Successor Servicer or Collateral Agent may intercept payments made by or on behalf of Obligors and direct that payment of all amounts payable under any Loan or Contract be made directly to the Successor Servicer or Collateral Agent or its designee; provided, that the Collateral Agent shall pay to any Dealer, to the extent to which such Dealer is entitled, all related Dealer Collections, pursuant to the written direction of the Successor Servicer, in consultation with Credit Acceptance and the Borrower, set forth in the Monthly Report.
(ii)The Successor Servicer shall, at the Borrower’s expense, give notice of the Collateral Agent’s interest in the Loans and Contracts to each Obligor and direct that payments be made directly to the Successor Servicer or the Collateral Agent or its designee.
(iii)The Borrower shall, at the Successor Servicer’s or Collateral Agent’s request, (A) assemble all of the records relating to the Collateral, including all Records with respect to the Loans and Contracts, and shall make the same available to the Successor Servicer or Collateral Agent at a place selected by the Successor Servicer or Collateral Agent or its designee, and (B) segregate all cash, checks and other instruments received by it from time to time constituting collections of Collateral and shall, promptly upon receipt but in any event within two (2) Business Days, remit all such cash, checks and instruments, duly endorsed or with duly executed instruments of transfer, to the Successor Servicer or Collateral Agent.
(iv)The Borrower hereby authorizes the Collateral Agent and the Successor Servicer to take any and all steps in the Borrower’s name and on behalf of the Borrower necessary or desirable to collect all amounts due under any and all of the Collateral with respect thereto, including, without limitation, endorsing the Borrower’s
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name on checks and other instruments representing Collections and enforcing the Loans and Contracts.
Section 6.4    Responsibilities of the Borrower. Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, the Borrower shall (i) perform all of its obligations under the Loans and Contracts to the same extent as if a security interest in such Loans and Contracts had not been granted hereunder and the exercise by the Collateral Agent of its rights hereunder shall not relieve the Borrower from such obligations and (ii) pay when due any taxes, including without limitation, any sales taxes payable in connection with the Loans or Contracts and their creation and satisfaction. None of the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Deal Agent or any Secured Party shall have any obligation or liability with respect to any Loan, nor shall any of them be obligated to perform any of the obligations of the Borrower thereunder.
Section 6.5    Reports.
(a)Monthly Report. On each Determination Date, the Servicer shall deliver to the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Collateral Agent and the Backup Servicer a report in substantially the form of Exhibit B attached hereto (the “Monthly Report”) for the related Collection Period. Each Lender (or the Deal Agent, on behalf of each Lender) shall provide to the Borrower, the Servicer and the Backup Servicer by the fifth (5th) Business Day prior to each Payment Date, information relating to the amount of each obligation which comprises the Class A Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class A Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any), the Class B Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class B Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any), the Class C Interest Distributable Amount (including the Class C Interest Carryover Shortfall, if any), Increased Costs, Indemnified Amounts and Additional Amounts for the Accrual Period relating to such Payment Date. The Monthly Report shall specify whether an Amortization Event, Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event has occurred with respect to the Collection Period preceding such Determination Date. Upon receipt of the Monthly Report, the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent shall rely (and shall be fully protected in so relying) on the information contained therein for the purposes of making distributions and allocations as provided for herein. Each Monthly Report shall be certified by a Responsible Officer of the Servicer.
(b)Credit Agreement. The Servicer shall deliver to the Deal Agent and each Lender all reports or certificates required to be delivered under Section 7.3 of the Credit Agreement at the times set forth therein.
(c)Financial Statements. In the event the Servicer is no longer subject to the periodic and current reporting requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Servicer will submit to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, each Lender and the Backup Servicer, within 60 days of the end of each of its fiscal quarters (or upon prior notice from Credit Acceptance to the Deal Agent, such longer time period after the close of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal quarter as may be temporarily permitted by the SEC or under the Exchange Act for the benefit of a class or classes of persons (collectively and not individually) for Credit Acceptance to file its Quarterly Report on 10-Q for such fiscal quarter with the SEC if Credit Acceptance were subject to such reporting requirements other than as an accelerated filer or large accelerated filer, but excluding any longer time periods resulting from (i) relief provided specifically by the SEC to Credit Acceptance or (ii) Credit Acceptance’s notification to the SEC of its inability to file
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pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 12b-25), commencing March 31, 2024 unaudited financial statements as of the end of each such fiscal quarter. The Servicer will submit to the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, within 120 days of the end of each of its fiscal years (or upon prior notice from Credit Acceptance to the Deal Agent, such longer time period after the close of Credit Acceptance’s fiscal year as may be temporarily permitted by the SEC or under the Exchange Act for the benefit of a class or classes of persons (collectively and not individually) for Credit Acceptance to file its Annual Report on 10-K for such fiscal year with the SEC if Credit Acceptance were subject to such reporting requirements other than as an accelerated filer or large accelerated filer, but excluding any longer time periods resulting from (i) relief provided specifically by the SEC to Credit Acceptance or (ii) Credit Acceptance’s notification to the SEC of its inability to file pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 12b-25), commencing with the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024, audited financial statements as of the end of each such fiscal year. The Servicer will submit to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, each Lender and the Backup Servicer an analysis of the static pool performance of Credit Acceptance for each fiscal quarter within 60 days of the end of such fiscal quarter.
(d)Annual Statement as to Compliance. The Servicer will provide to the Deal Agent, each Lender, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, within 120 days following the end of each fiscal year of the Servicer, commencing with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 2024, an annual report signed by a Responsible Officer of the Servicer certifying that (a) a review of the activities of the Servicer, and the Servicer’s performance pursuant to this Agreement, for the period ending on the last day of such fiscal year has been made under such Person’s supervision and (b) the Servicer has performed or has caused to be performed in all material respects all of its obligations under this Agreement throughout such year (or in the case of a Successor Servicer which has been Servicer for less than one year, for so long as such Successor Servicer has been Servicer) and no Servicer Termination Event or potential Servicer Termination Event has occurred and is continuing (or if a Servicer Termination Event has so occurred and is continuing, specifying each such event, the nature and status thereof and the steps necessary to remedy such event, and, if a Servicer Termination Event or potential Servicer Termination Event occurred during such year and no notice thereof has been given to the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, specifying such Servicer Termination Event or potential Servicer Termination Event and the steps taken to remedy such event).
Section 6.6    Additional Representations and Warranties of Credit Acceptance as Servicer. Credit Acceptance, in its capacity as Servicer, represents and warrants to the Collateral Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Deal Agent and each Lender as of the Closing Date and as of each Addition Date, that the only material servicing computer systems and related software utilized by the Servicer to service the Loans and Contracts are: (i) provided by Ontario Systems Corporation under an existing licensing agreement and related resource agreement, each of which may be amended from time to time, and (ii) the “loan servicing system” software developed or licensed by Credit Acceptance from Oracle Corporation, which may be updated or replaced from time to time. Should the Servicer or any of its Affiliates develop or implement computer software for servicing that is owned by or exclusively licensed to the Servicer or an Affiliate and utilize such software in the servicing of the Loans and Contracts, the Servicer shall give prompt written notice thereof to the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent, and the Collateral Agent shall be entitled to compel a license or sublicense for the benefit of the Collateral Agent or its designee of any such rights to the extent the Collateral Agent deems reasonably necessary and appropriate to
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assure that it or a duly appointed Successor Servicer would be able to continue to service the Loans and Contracts should that be required in accordance with the terms hereof.
Section 6.7    Establishment of the Accounts.
(a)Establishment of the Collection Account, Principal Collection Account and Reserve Account. On or prior to the Closing Date, the Collateral Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, shall establish and maintain in its own name (i) a segregated trust account entitled “Collection Account for Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as agent for the Secured Parties” (the “Collection Account”); (ii) a segregated trust account entitled “Principal Collection Account for Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as agent for the Secured Parties” (the “Principal Collection Account”) and (iii) a segregated trust account entitled “Reserve Account for Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as agent for the Secured Parties” (the “Reserve Account”), in each case, over which the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties shall have sole dominion and control and from which neither the Originator, the Servicer nor the Borrower shall have any right of withdrawal; provided, however, that at all times the depository institution or trust company at which such accounts are established shall be a depository institution or trust company organized under the laws of the United States of America or any one of the States thereof or the District of Columbia (or any domestic branch of a foreign bank), (i) (A) that has either (1) a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “BBB” by S&P and investment grade by Moody’s or (2) a short-term unsecured debt rating or certificate of deposit rating of at least investment grade by S&P and Moody’s, (B) the parent corporation of which has either (1) a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “BBB” by S&P and investment grade by Moody’s or (2) a short-term unsecured debt rating or certificate of deposit rating of at least “A-2” by S&P and investment grade by Moody’s or (C) that is otherwise acceptable to the Deal Agent and (ii) whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (any such depository institution or trust company, a “Qualified Institution”). The Collateral Agent shall initially establish the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account and the Reserve Account at Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. Upon a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent having obtained actual knowledge or having received written notice that the depository institution or trust company at which any Trust Account has been established is no longer a Qualified Institution, then the Collateral Agent shall notify the Servicer of such failure within five (5) Business Days thereof, and the Servicer shall, with the Collateral Agent’s assistance as necessary, cause such Trust Account to be moved within ninety (90) days of notifying the Servicer to a Qualified Institution.
(b)Adjustments. If (i) the Servicer makes a deposit into the Collection Account in respect of a Collection of a Loan and such Collection was received by the Servicer in the form of a check or other form of payment that is not honored for any reason or (ii) the Servicer makes a mistake with respect to the amount of any Collection and deposits an amount that is less than or more than the actual amount of such Collection, the Servicer shall appropriately adjust the amount subsequently deposited into the Collection Account to reflect such dishonored check or mistake. Any payment in respect of which a dishonored check or other form of payment is received shall be deemed not to have been paid.
(c)Permitted Investments. Funds on deposit in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account and the Reserve Account shall be invested in Permitted Investments by or at the written direction of the Borrower, which may be in the form of standing instructions;
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provided, that, if a Termination Event or Unmatured Termination Event shall have occurred, such amounts shall continue to be invested in Permitted Investments according to the last written direction received from the Borrower. Absent written direction from the Borrower, then any funds in such accounts shall remain uninvested (without any requirement or liability to pay for interest or earnings). Any such written directions shall specify the particular investment to be made and shall certify that such investment is a Permitted Investment and is permitted to be made under this Agreement. Funds on deposit in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account and the Reserve Account shall be invested in Permitted Investments that will mature so that such funds will be available no later than the Business Day prior to the next Payment Date, except that in the case of funds representing Collections with respect to a succeeding Collection Period, such Permitted Investments may mature so that such funds will be available no later than the Business Day prior to the Payment Date for such Collection Period. No Permitted Investment may be liquidated or disposed of prior to its maturity. All proceeds of any Permitted Investment shall be deposited in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account or the Reserve Account, as applicable. Investments may be made in any account on any date (provided such investments mature in accordance herewith), only after giving effect to deposits to and withdrawals from such account on such date. Realized losses, if any, on amounts invested in Permitted Investments shall be charged against investment earnings on amounts on deposit in the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account or the Reserve Account, as applicable. The Borrower acknowledges that upon its written request and at no additional cost, it has the right to receive notification after the completion of each purchase and sale of Permitted Investments or the Collateral Agent’s receipt of a broker’s confirmation. The Borrower agrees that such notifications shall not be provided by the Collateral Agent hereunder, and the Collateral Agent shall make available, upon request and in lieu of notifications, periodic account statements that reflect such investment activity. No statement need be made available for any account if no activity has occurred in such account during such period. The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any loss, including without limitation any loss of principal or interest, or for any breakage fees or penalties in connection with the purchase or liquidation of any investment made in accordance with the written instructions of the Borrower.
(d)The Collateral Agent agrees that (i) it will maintain each of the Trust Accounts as a “securities account” (within the meaning of Section 8-501(a) of the UCC), in respect of which the Collateral Agent is the “securities intermediary” (within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(14) of the UCC) and the Collateral Agent is the “entitlement holder” (within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(7) of the UCC); (ii) each item of property (including cash) credited to a Trust Account shall be treated as a “financial asset” (within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(9) of the UCC); (iii) the “securities intermediary’s jurisdiction” (within the meaning of Section 8-110(e) of the UCC) with respect to each of the Trust Accounts shall be New York; and (iv) the law in force in the State of New York is applicable to all issues specified in Article 2(1) of “The Convention on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities Held with an Intermediary”, ratified Sept. 28, 2016, S. Treaty Doc. No. 112-6 (2012)” (the “Hague Securities Convention”). The Collateral Agent represents and warrants that at the time that this agreement is entered into, the Collateral Agent had a physical office in the United States that satisfied the criteria set forth in Article 4(1)(a) or (b) of the Hague Securities Convention. The Collateral Agent agrees that, at all times while this Agreement is in effect, it shall maintain a physical office in the United States that satisfies the criteria set forth in Article 4(1)(a) or (b) of the Hague Securities Convention. The
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parties hereto acknowledge and agree that each of the Trust Accounts is subject to the sole dominion and control (within the meaning of Section 8-106 of the UCC) of the Collateral Agent subject to the terms hereof. The Collateral Agent shall have the sole right of withdrawal with respect to each Trust Account in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. The Borrower shall not have a right of withdrawal with respect to any Trust Account. The Collateral Agent acknowledges and agrees that it has not entered into, and until the termination of this Agreement shall not enter into, any agreement with any Person other than the Transaction Documents relating to any Trust Account, and in each case any funds held therein, pursuant to which it has agreed, or will agree, to comply with orders or instructions of any other such Person.
Section 6.8    Servicing Fee; Payment of Certain Expenses by Servicer.
(a) The Servicer, including any successor Servicer, shall be entitled to payment of the Servicing Fee as defined herein, which shall be payable in accordance with Section 2.7(a) hereof. In no event shall the Backup Servicer or the Collateral Agent be responsible for the Servicing Fee or for any differential between the Servicing Fee and the amount necessary to induce a successor Servicer to assume the obligations of Servicer hereunder.
(b)The initial Servicer will be required to pay all expenses incurred by it in connection with its activities under this Agreement, including fees and disbursements of independent accountants, Taxes imposed on the Servicer, expenses incurred in connection with payments and reports pursuant to this Agreement, and all other fees and expenses not expressly stated under this Agreement for the account of the Borrower. The initial Servicer will be required to pay all reasonable fees and expenses owing to any bank or trust company in connection with the maintenance of the Collection Account, the Principal Collection Account, the Reserve Account and the Credit Acceptance Payment Account. The Servicer shall be required to pay such expenses for its own account and shall not be entitled to any payment therefor other than the Servicing Fee.
Section 6.9    Annual Independent Public Accountant’s Servicing Reports. The Servicer will cause a firm of nationally recognized independent public accountants (who may also render other services to the Servicer) to furnish to the Collateral Agent, the Deal Agent and each Lender, within 120 days following the end of each fiscal year of the Servicer, commencing with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 2024: (i) a report relating to such fiscal year to the effect that (A) such firm has reviewed certain documents and records relating to the servicing of the Loans and Contracts included in the Collateral, and (B) based on such examination, such firm is of the opinion that the Monthly Reports for such year were prepared in compliance with this Agreement, except for such exceptions as it believes to be immaterial and such other exceptions as will be set forth in such firm’s report and (ii) a report covering such fiscal year to the effect that such accountants have applied certain agreed-upon procedures, as set forth in Section 6.1(c) (which procedures shall have been approved by the Deal Agent and each Lender) to certain documents and records relating to the Loans under any Transaction Document, compared the information contained in the Monthly Reports delivered during the period covered by such report with such documents and records and that no matters came to the attention of such accountants that caused them to believe that such servicing was not conducted in compliance with Article VI of this Agreement, except for such exceptions as such accountants shall believe to be immaterial and such other exception as shall be set forth in such statement. In the event such independent public accountants require the Collateral Agent to agree to the procedures to be performed by
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such firm in any of the reports required to be prepared pursuant to this Section 6.9, the Servicer shall direct the Collateral Agent in writing to so agree; it being understood and agreed that the Collateral Agent will deliver such letter of agreement in conclusive reliance upon the direction of the Servicer, and the Collateral Agent has not made any independent inquiry or investigation as to, and shall have no obligation or liability in respect of, the sufficiency, validity or correctness of such procedures. The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any claims, liabilities or expenses relating to such accountants’ engagement or any report issued in connection with such engagement, and the dissemination of any such report is subject to the written consent of the accountants.
Section 6.10    The Servicer Not to Resign. The Servicer shall not resign from the obligations and duties hereby imposed on it hereunder except upon the Servicer’s determination that (i) the performance of its duties hereunder is or becomes impermissible under Applicable Law and (ii) there is no reasonable action that the Servicer could take to make the performance of its duties hereunder permissible under Applicable Law. Any such determination permitting the resignation of the Servicer shall be evidenced as to clause (i) above by an Opinion of Counsel to such effect delivered to the Lenders, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Backup Servicer. No such resignation shall become effective until a Successor Servicer shall have assumed the responsibilities and obligations of the Servicer in accordance with Section 6.12.
Section 6.11    Servicer Termination Events. If any one of the following events (a “Servicer Termination Event”) shall occur and be continuing:
(a)any failure by the Servicer: (x) to deposit to the Collection Account (A) any amount required to be deposited therein by the Servicer (other than any such failure resulting from an administrative or technical error of the Servicer in the amount so deposited); or (B) within one (1) Business Day after the Servicer becomes aware that, as a result of an administrative or technical error of the Servicer, any amount previously deposited by the Servicer to the Collection Account was less than the amount required to be deposited therein by the Servicer, the amount of such shortfall; or (y) to deliver to the Collateral Agent the Monthly Report on the related Determination Date;
(b)failure on the part of the Servicer duly to observe or to perform in any material respect any covenants or agreements of the Servicer set forth in the Transaction Documents or any representation or warranty of the Servicer made in any Transaction Document or in any certificate or other writing delivered pursuant to any Transaction Document proving to have been incorrect in any material respect as of the time when the same shall have been made, which default, if capable of cure, shall continue unremedied for a period of 30 days (or a longer period, not in excess of 60 days as may be reasonably necessary to remedy such default, if the default is capable of remedy within 60 days or less, and the Servicer delivers an Officer’s Certificate to the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent to the effect that it has commenced, or will promptly commence and diligently pursue, all reasonable efforts to remedy the default) after (x) there shall have been given written notice of such failure, requiring the same to be remedied, (1) to the Servicer, by the Collateral Agent or the Deal Agent, or (2) to the Servicer by the Collateral Agent at the direction of the Deal Agent or (y) discovery of such failure by an officer of the Servicer;
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(c)the entry of a decree or order by a court or agency or supervisory authority having jurisdiction in the premises for the appointment of a conservator, receiver, or liquidator for the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshalling of assets and liabilities, or similar proceedings, or for the winding up or liquidation of its respective affairs, and the continuance of any such decree or order unstayed and in effect for a period of 60 consecutive days or the entry of any decree or order for relief in respect of the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries under any bankruptcy, reorganization, compromise, arrangement, insolvency, readjustment of debt, or similar law, whether now or hereafter in effect, which decree or order for relief continues unstayed and in effect for a period of 60 consecutive days;
(d)the consent by the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries to the appointment of a conservator or receiver or liquidator in any insolvency, readjustment of debt, marshalling of assets and liabilities, or similar proceedings of or relating to the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries or relating to substantially all of its property; or the admission by the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries in writing of its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, the filing by the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries of a petition to take advantage of any applicable insolvency or reorganization statute, the making by the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries of an assignment for the benefit of its creditors, or the voluntary suspension by the Servicer or any of its subsidiaries of payment of its obligations;
(e)any delegation of the Servicer’s duties that is not permitted by Section 7.1;
(f)the rendering against the Servicer of one or more final judgments, decrees or orders for the payment of money in excess of $15,000,000 in the aggregate, and the continuance of such judgment, decree or order unsatisfied and in effect for any period of more than 60 consecutive days without a stay of execution;
(g)the Servicer shall fail to pay any principal of or premium or interest on any indebtedness in an aggregate outstanding principal amount of $15,000,000 or more (“Material Debt”), when the same becomes due and payable (whether by scheduled maturity, required prepayment, acceleration, demand or otherwise) and such failure shall continue after the applicable grace period, if any, specified in the agreement or instrument relating to such Material Debt; or any other default under any agreement or instrument relating to any Material Debt or any other event, shall occur and shall continue after the applicable grace period, if any, specified in such agreement or instrument if the effect of such default or event is to accelerate, or to permit the acceleration of, the maturity of such Material Debt; or any such Material Debt shall be declared to be due and payable or required to be prepaid (other than by a regularly scheduled required prepayment) prior to the stated maturity thereof;
(h)a Termination Event shall have occurred and such Termination Event has not been waived by the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders);
(i)the occurrence of the thirtieth (30th) day after the end of the fiscal quarter in which a breach of any covenant set forth in Sections 7.5 and 7.7 of the Credit Agreement shall have occurred unless prior to such date, such breach has been cured or has been waived by the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders); or
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(j)the Originator or Servicer, if Credit Acceptance is the Servicer, fails to pay when due (or no later than the next Payment Date after the Servicer becomes aware that such payment was not made) the Release Price in excess of $100,000;
then notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, so long as any such Servicer Termination Event shall not have been remedied, within any applicable cure period prior to the date of the Servicer Termination Notice (defined below), the Deal Agent shall (at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) by written notice to the Servicer (with a copy to the Backup Servicer and the Collateral Agent) (a “Servicer Termination Notice”) terminate all of the rights and obligations of the Servicer as Servicer under this Agreement.
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Collateral Agent shall have no obligation to confirm the existence of a breach under clause (b) or to determine or verify its materiality.
Section 6.12    Appointment of Successor Servicer.
(a)On and after the receipt by the Servicer of a Servicer Termination Notice pursuant to Section 6.11 or Section 10.2, the Servicer shall continue to perform all servicing functions under this Agreement until the date specified in the Servicer Termination Notice or otherwise specified by the Deal Agent in writing or, if no such date is specified in such Servicer Termination Notice or otherwise specified by the Deal Agent, until a date mutually agreed upon by the Servicer, the Backup Servicer and the Deal Agent. The Deal Agent may at the time described in the immediately preceding sentence at the direction of the Required Lenders appoint the Backup Servicer by written notice as the Servicer hereunder, and the Backup Servicer shall on such date assume all obligations of the Servicer hereunder from and after such date (except as specifically set forth herein or in the Backup Servicing Agreement), and all authority and power of the Servicer under this Agreement shall pass to and be vested in the Backup Servicer. In the event that the Deal Agent does not so appoint the Backup Servicer, there is no Backup Servicer or the Backup Servicer is unable to assume such obligations on such date, the Deal Agent shall as promptly as possible appoint another successor servicer (the Backup Servicer or such other successor Servicer, “Successor Servicer”) who shall be acceptable to the Required Lenders, and such Successor Servicer shall accept its appointment by a written assumption in a form acceptable to the Deal Agent. In the event that a Successor Servicer has not accepted its appointment at the time when the Servicer ceases to act as Servicer, the Deal Agent shall petition a court of competent jurisdiction to appoint any established financial institution having a net worth of not less than $50,000,000 and whose regular business includes the servicing of Loans as the Successor Servicer hereunder.
(b)Upon its assumption as Successor Servicer, the Backup Servicer (except as specifically set forth herein or in the Backup Servicing Agreement and subject to Section 6.12(a)) or any other Successor Servicer, as applicable, shall be the successor in all respects to the Servicer with respect to servicing functions under this Agreement and shall be subject to all the responsibilities, duties and liabilities relating thereto placed on the Servicer by the terms and provisions hereof, and all references in this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to the Servicer shall be deemed to refer to the Backup Servicer or the Successor Servicer, as applicable. In no event shall the Backup Servicer be liable for any actions or omissions of any predecessor Servicer.
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(c)All authority and power granted to the Servicer under this Agreement shall automatically cease and terminate upon termination of this Agreement and shall pass to and be vested in the Borrower and, without limitation, the Borrower is hereby authorized and empowered to execute and deliver, on behalf of the Servicer, as attorney-in-fact or otherwise, all documents and other instruments, and to do and accomplish all other acts or things necessary or appropriate to effect the purposes of such transfer of servicing rights. The Servicer agrees to cooperate with the Borrower in effecting the termination of the responsibilities and rights of the Servicer to conduct servicing on the Loans and the Contracts.
(d)Within 60 days of receiving notice that the Backup Servicer is required to serve as the Servicer hereunder pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 6.12 the Backup Servicer will transition to its role as Servicer.
(e)For the avoidance of doubt, the Backup Servicer shall have no obligation to approve or consent to, or monitor the compliance of the Servicer with the satisfaction of the conditions related to, any modification, waiver, amendment or deferral related to the Collateral,
(f)In connection with an appointment of the Backup Servicer as Successor Servicer, the Deal Agent may make such arrangements for the compensation of such Successor Servicer (including Transition Expenses) out of payments on Loans and related Contracts as it, the Required Lenders and such successor Servicer shall agree; provided, however, any such arrangement shall be subject to Section 6.8(a) hereof. The Backup Servicer, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and any such successor Servicer shall take such action, consistent with this Agreement, as shall be necessary to effectuate any such succession.
Section 6.13    [Reserved].
Section 6.14    Segregated Payment Account. Upon the occurrence of a Servicer Termination Event, a potential Servicer Termination Event or an Unsatisfactory Audit, the Deal Agent (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) shall have the right to require the Borrower and the Servicer (i) to establish a segregated account in the name of the Collateral Agent for Collections related to the Collateral and (ii) to direct all Obligors to make payments into such account.
Section 6.15    Dealer Collections Repurchase; Replacement of Dealer Loan with Related Purchased Loans. The parties hereto acknowledge the following:
(a)During its ordinary course of business in managing its serviced portfolio of Dealer Loans (and not based on poor credit quality of the Dealer Loan Contracts), Credit Acceptance may from time to time agree to enter into an agreement (a “Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement”) with a Dealer, pursuant to which the Dealer agrees to sell and assign to Credit Acceptance all of its rights, interests and entitlement in and to one or more Pools of Dealer Loan Contracts securing the related Dealer Loans, including such Dealer’s ownership interest in such Dealer Loan Contracts and rights to receive the related Dealer Collections (a “Dealer Collections Purchase”).
(b)Credit Acceptance has assigned all of its rights under any Dealer Collections Purchase Agreements to the Borrower pursuant to the Contribution Agreement. Upon the payment
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by Credit Acceptance to the applicable Dealer under a Dealer Collections Purchase Agreement of the purchase price thereunder (the “Dealer Collections Purchase Price”), the related Dealer Loans (including the rights to the related Dealer Collections thereunder) shall be deemed to be extinguished and pursuant to the Contribution Agreement the Dealer Loan Contracts securing such Dealer Loans shall be assigned by Credit Acceptance to the Borrower as Purchased Loan Contracts and the loans thereunder shall be deemed Purchased Loans. For the avoidance of doubt, all Collections on such Purchased Loan Contracts shall be included in Available Funds.
(c)On the date of each Dealer Collections Purchase, Credit Acceptance shall deliver to the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent a list identifying (A) all Dealer Loans extinguished as a result of such Dealer Collections Purchase, (B) each Dealer Loan Contract previously securing such Dealer Loans and (C) the Purchased Loans and Purchased Loan Contracts evidencing such Purchased Loans resulting from such Dealer Collections Purchase, in each case, identified by account number, dealer number and pool number, as applicable. Such list shall be deemed to supplement Exhibit A to the Contribution Agreement and Schedule IV hereto as of the date of such Dealer Collections Purchase.
Article VII

BACKUP SERVICER
Section 7.1    Designation of the Backup Servicer. The backup servicing role with respect to the Collateral shall be conducted by the Person designated as Backup Servicer under the Backup Servicing Agreement, which shall initially be Computershare.
Section 7.2    Duties of the Backup Servicer. On or before the Closing Date, and until its removal pursuant to the Backup Servicing Agreement, the Backup Servicer shall perform, on behalf of the Servicer, the Borrower, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties, the duties and obligations set forth in the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Section 7.3    Backup Servicing Compensation. As compensation for its backup servicing activities hereunder and under the Backup Servicing Agreement, the Backup Servicer shall be entitled to receive the Backup Servicing Fee pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable. The Backup Servicer’s entitlement to receive the Backup Servicing Fee shall cease on the earliest to occur of: (i) it becoming the Successor Servicer; (ii) its resignation or removal as Backup Servicer pursuant to the terms of the Backup Servicing Agreement; or (iii) the termination of this Agreement or the Backup Servicing Agreement.
Section 7.4    Rights and Protections of the Backup Servicer. The Backup Servicer, in the performance of its duties hereunder, and in the exercise or lack of exercise of any and all of its rights and privileges hereunder, shall be entitled to all rights and protections afforded to it in its capacity as Backup Servicer under the Backup Servicing Agreement, including, but not limited to, all rights and protections (including all rights to indemnification), and all limitations of liability.
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Article VIII

[RESERVED]
Article IX

SECURITY INTEREST
Section 9.1    Security Agreement. (a) The parties hereto intend that this Agreement constitute a security agreement and the transactions effected hereby constitute secured loans by the Lenders to the Borrower under Applicable Law.
(b) The Borrower hereby authorizes the Collateral Agent to file one or more financing or continuation statements, and amendments thereto, relating to all or any part of the Collateral and Proceeds thereof without the signature of the Borrower in such form and in such offices as the Deal Agent determines, in its sole discretion, are necessary or advisable to perfect the security interests of the Collateral Agent under this Agreement. The Borrower also authorizes the Collateral Agent to use the collateral description “all personal property of the debtor” or “all assets of the debtor,” in each case “whether now owned or hereafter acquired or arising” or words of similar meaning in any such financing statements. A photographic or other reproduction of this Agreement or any financing statement covering the Collateral or any part thereof shall be sufficient as a financing statement where permitted by law. The Collateral Agent shall not be obligated to make any filing, or execute or authorize any instrument, under this Section 9.1(b) except upon written direction from the Deal Agent nor shall the Collateral Agent have any duty to see to, or be responsible for the correctness or accuracy of, any recording, filing or depositing of this Agreement or any other agreement referred to herein, or any financing statement or continuation statement evidencing a security interest, or to see to the maintenance of any such recording or filing or depositing or to any rerecording, refilling or re-depositing of any thereof.
Section 9.2    Release of Lien. At the same time as any Loan by its terms and all amounts in respect thereof has been paid by the related Obligor and deposited in the Collection Account, the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties will, to the extent requested by the Servicer, release its interest in such Loan and Related Security. The Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties will after the deposit by the Servicer of such payment into the Collection Account, at the sole expense of the Servicer, execute and deliver to the Servicer any assignments, termination statements and any other releases and instruments as the Servicer may reasonably request in order to effect such release and transfer; provided, that the Collateral Agent as agent for the Secured Parties will make no representation or warranty, express or implied, with respect to any such Loan and Related Security in connection with such sale or transfer and assignment.
Section 9.3    Further Assurances. The provisions of Section 14.12 shall apply to the security interest granted under Section 2.2(a).
Section 9.4    Remedies. Upon the occurrence of a Termination Event, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and Secured Parties shall have, with respect to the Collateral granted pursuant to Section 2.2(a), and in addition to all other rights and remedies available to the Deal
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Agent, the Collateral Agent and Secured Parties under this Agreement or other Applicable Law, all rights and remedies of a secured party upon default under the UCC.
Section 9.5    Waiver of Certain Laws. Each of the Borrower and the Servicer agrees, to the full extent that it may lawfully so agree, that neither it nor anyone claiming through or under it will set up, claim or seek to take advantage of any appraisement, valuation, stay, extension or redemption law now or hereafter in force in any locality where all or any portion of the Collateral may be situated in order to prevent, hinder or delay the enforcement or foreclosure of this Agreement, or the absolute sale of all or any portion of the Collateral, or the final and absolute putting into possession thereof, immediately after such sale, of the purchasers thereof, and each of the Borrower and the Servicer, for itself and all who may at any time claim through or under it, hereby waives, to the full extent that it may be lawful so to do, the benefit of all such laws, and any and all right to have any of the properties or assets constituting the Collateral marshaled upon any such sale, and agrees that the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or any court having jurisdiction to foreclosure the security interests granted in this Agreement may sell the Collateral as an entirety or in such parcels as the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or such court may determine.
Section 9.6    Power of Attorney. The Borrower hereby irrevocably appoints the Deal Agent and the Servicer and any Successor Servicer as its true and lawful attorney (with full power of substitution) in its name, place and stead and at its expense, in connection with the enforcement of the rights and remedies provided for in this Agreement, including without limitation the following powers: (a) to give any necessary receipts or acquittance for amounts collected or received hereunder, (b) to make all necessary transfers of the Collateral in connection with any such sale or other disposition made pursuant hereto, (c) to execute and deliver for value all necessary or appropriate bills of sale, assignments and other instruments in connection with any such sale or other disposition, the Borrower hereby ratifying and confirming all that such attorney (or any substitute) shall lawfully do hereunder and pursuant hereto, and (d) to sign any agreements, orders or other documents in connection with or pursuant to any Transaction Document. Nevertheless, if so requested by the Deal Agent, the Servicer or any Successor Servicer, the Collateral Agent or a purchaser of the Collateral, the Borrower shall ratify and confirm any such sale or other disposition by executing and delivering to the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or such purchaser all proper bills of sale, assignments, releases and other instruments as may be designated in any such request.
Article X

TERMINATION EVENTS
Section 10.1    Termination Events. The following events shall be termination events (“Termination Events”) hereunder:
(a)default by the Borrower in the payment of any amount due and payable pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(ii), and such default shall continue for a period of five (5) days or more; or
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(b)default by the Borrower in the payment of the principal of or any installment of the principal when it becomes due and payable on the Class A Stated Final Maturity Date, the Class B Stated Final Maturity Date or the Class C Stated Final Maturity Date, as applicable; or
(c)the Aggregate Term Loan Balance exceeds, for a period of two (2) Business Days or more, the product of the Net Advance Rate and the Collateral Amount; or
(d)a Servicer Termination Event occurs and is continuing; or
(e)failure on the part of the Borrower or the Originator to make any payment or deposit required by the terms of any Transaction Documents; or
(f)failure on the part of the Borrower or the Originator in any material respect to observe or perform any of its covenants or agreements set forth in this Agreement or any other Transaction Document and such failure continues unremedied for more than 30 Business Days after written notice to the Borrower or the Originator (or 60 days if necessary to remedy such default); or
(g)any representation or warranty made or deemed to be made by the Borrower or the Originator under or in connection with any of the Transaction Documents or any information required to be given by the Borrower or the Originator to identify Loans or Contracts pursuant to any Transaction Document, shall prove to have been false or incorrect in any material respect when made, deemed made or delivered, and such failure continues unremedied for more than 30 days after the earlier of (x) the date on which the Borrower or Credit Acceptance discovers such breach or (y) the date on which the Borrower or Credit Acceptance receives written notice of such breach; or
(h)the occurrence of an Insolvency Event relating to the Originator, the Borrower or the Servicer; or
(i)the Borrower shall become an “investment company” or require registration as an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act; or
(j)a regulatory, tax or accounting body has ordered that the activities of the Borrower or any Affiliate of the Borrower contemplated hereby be terminated or may reasonably be expected to cause the Borrower or any Affiliate to suffer materially adverse regulatory, accounting or tax consequences; or
(k)there shall exist any event or occurrence that has a reasonable possibility of causing a Material Adverse Effect; or
(l)the Borrower, the Servicer or Credit Acceptance shall enter into any merger, consolidation or conveyance transaction, unless in the case of Credit Acceptance or the Servicer, the Servicer or Credit Acceptance, as applicable, is the surviving entity; or
(m)the Collateral Agent ceases to have a valid and perfected first priority security interest in a material portion of the Collateral and such failure has not been remedied within ten (10) Business Days; provided that, the portion of the Collateral in which the Collateral
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Agent does not have a valid and perfected first priority security interest will be material if the outstanding balance of the related Contracts exceeds 3% of the Aggregate Outstanding Eligible Loan Balance of all Eligible Contracts; or
(n)any Change-in-Control shall occur;
(o)cumulative Collections are less than 75% of Forecasted Collections for any three consecutive Collection Periods; or
(p)any Transaction Document shall cease to be in full force and effect.
Section 10.2    Remedies.
(a)Upon the occurrence of a Termination Event (other than a Termination Event described in Section 10.1(h)), the Deal Agent shall (at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) by notice to the Borrower declare the Termination Date to have occurred.
(b)Upon the occurrence of a Termination Event described in Section 10.1(h), the Termination Date shall automatically occur.
(c)Upon any Termination Date that occurs following a Termination Event pursuant to this Section 10.2: (i) the Deal Agent shall (at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) by delivery of a Servicer Termination Notice terminate the Servicer; and (ii) the Deal Agent, may, and at the direction of the Required Lenders, shall declare the entire amount of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance be immediately due and payable. The Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and the Secured Parties shall have, in addition to all other rights and remedies under this Agreement or otherwise, all other rights and remedies provided of a secured party under the UCC of each applicable jurisdiction and other applicable laws, which rights shall be cumulative.
(d)If the Aggregate Term Loan Balance has been declared due and payable pursuant to Section 10.2(c), the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent (acting at the written direction of the Deal Agent) may (acting at the direction, or with the consent, of the Required Lenders) institute proceedings to collect amounts due, exercise remedies as a secured party (including foreclosure or sale of the Collateral) or elect to maintain the Collateral and continue to apply the proceeds from the Collateral as if there had been no declaration of acceleration.
Article XI

INDEMNIFICATION
Section 11.1    Indemnities by the Borrower.
(a)Without limiting any other rights that any such Person may have hereunder or under Applicable Law, the Borrower hereby agrees to indemnify the Deal Agent, the Backup Servicer, the Collateral Agent, the Successor Servicer, the Secured Parties, and each of their respective Affiliates and officers, directors, employees and agents thereof (collectively, the “Indemnified Parties”), forthwith on demand, from and against any and all damages, losses,
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claims, liabilities and related costs and expenses (including reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and disbursements and court costs) including those incurred in connection with any enforcement (including any action, claim or suit brought) by an Indemnified Party of any indemnification or other obligation of the Borrower or any other Person (all of the foregoing being collectively referred to as the “Indemnified Amounts”) awarded against or incurred by such Indemnified Party or other non-monetary damages of any such Indemnified Party, any of them arising out of or as a result of this Agreement or the financing or maintenance of the Term Loans or in respect of any Loan or any Contract, excluding, however, (a) Indemnified Amounts to the extent resulting from gross negligence or willful misconduct on the part of such Indemnified Party, as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, or (b) Indemnified Amounts that have the effect of recourse for non-payment of the Loans due to credit problems of the Obligors (except as otherwise specifically provided in this Agreement). The indemnification provided for in this Section shall be paid to the Indemnified Parties until such time as such court enters a judgment as to the extent and effect of the alleged gross negligence or willful misconduct, at which time the Indemnified Parties, as applicable, shall, to the extent required pursuant to such court’s determination, promptly return to the Borrower any such indemnification amounts so received but not owed as determined by such court. If the Borrower has made any indemnity payment pursuant to this Section 11.1 and such payment fully indemnified the recipient thereof and the recipient thereafter collects any payments from others in respect of such Indemnified Amounts then, the recipient shall repay to the Borrower an amount equal to the amount it has collected from others in respect of such Indemnified Amounts. Without limiting the foregoing, the Borrower shall indemnify each Indemnified Party for Indemnified Amounts relating to or resulting from:
(i)any Contract or Loan treated as or represented by Credit Acceptance to be an Eligible Dealer Loan Contract or Eligible Loan that is not at the applicable time an Eligible Dealer Loan Contract or Eligible Loan;
(ii)reliance on any representation or warranty made or deemed made by the Borrower or any of its officers under or in connection with this Agreement, which shall have been false or incorrect in any material respect when made or deemed made or delivered;
(iii)the failure by the Borrower to comply with any term, provision or covenant contained in this Agreement or any agreement executed in connection with this Agreement, or with any Applicable Law, with respect to any Loan, Dealer Agreement, Purchase Agreement, any Contract, or the nonconformity of any Loan, Dealer Agreement, Purchase Agreement or Contract with any such Applicable Law;
(iv)the failure to vest and maintain vested in the Collateral Agent for the Secured Parties a first priority perfected security interest in the Collateral, together with all Collections, free and clear of any Lien whether existing at the time of any pledge of Loans or at any time thereafter;
(v)the failure to file, or any delay in filing, financing statements or other similar instruments or documents under the UCC of any applicable jurisdiction or other Applicable Laws with respect to the Collateral, whether at the time of any pledge of Loans or at any subsequent time;
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(vi)any dispute, claim, offset or defense (other than the discharge in bankruptcy of the Obligor) of the Obligor to the payment of any Loan or Contract (including, without limitation, a defense based on such Loan or Contract not being a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Obligor enforceable against it in accordance with its terms);
(vii)any failure of the Borrower to perform its duties or obligations in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement or any failure by the Borrower to perform its respective duties under the Loans;
(viii)the failure by Borrower to pay when due any Taxes for which the Borrower is liable, including without limitation, sales, excise or personal property taxes payable in connection with the Collateral;
(ix)any repayment by the Deal Agent, any Lender or a Secured Party of any amount previously distributed in reduction of the Aggregate Term Loan Balance or payment of any Class A Interest Distributable Amount, Class B Interest Distributable Amount or Class C Interest Distributable Amount or any other amount due hereunder, in each case which amount the Deal Agent or a Secured Party believes in good faith is required to be repaid;
(x)the commingling of Collections of the Collateral at any time with other funds;
(xi)any investigation, litigation or proceeding related to this Agreement (including any that may result from the Borrower’s ownership of Purchased Loans originated in the states of Pennsylvania or Maryland prior to having obtained all applicable state consumer lending licenses) or the use of proceeds of the loan to the Borrower or the funding of or maintenance of the Term Loans or in respect of any Loan or Contract;
(xii)any failure by the Borrower to give reasonably equivalent value to the Originator in consideration for the transfer by the Originator to the Borrower of the Loans, Related Security or any portion thereof or any attempt by any Person to void or otherwise avoid any such transfer under any statutory provision or common law or equitable action, including, without limitation, any provision of the Bankruptcy Code;
(xiii)the use of the Proceeds of the loan to the Borrower in a manner other than as provided in this Agreement and the Contribution Agreement; or
(xiv)the failure of the Borrower or any of its agents or representatives to remit to the Servicer, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent or any other Secured Party, any Collections of the Collateral remitted to the Borrower or any such agent or representative.
(b)Any amounts subject to the indemnification provisions of this Section 11.1 shall be paid by the Borrower to the relevant Indemnified Party on the next Payment Date pursuant to Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
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(c)The obligations of the Borrower under this Section 11.1 shall survive the resignation or removal of the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Successor Servicer, any Lender or the Backup Servicer or the termination or assignment of this Agreement.
Section 11.2    Indemnities by the Servicer.
(a)Without limiting any other rights that any such Person may have hereunder or under Applicable Law, the Servicer hereby agrees to indemnify each Indemnified Party, forthwith on demand, from and against any and all Indemnified Amounts awarded against or incurred by any such Indemnified Party by reason of any acts, omissions or alleged acts or omissions of the Servicer, including, but not limited to: (i) any representation or warranty made by the Servicer under or in connection with any Transaction Document, any Monthly Report or any other information or report delivered by or on behalf of the Servicer pursuant hereto, which shall have been false, incorrect or misleading in any material respect when made or deemed made; (ii) the failure by the Servicer to comply with any Applicable Law; (iii) the failure of the Servicer to comply with its duties or obligations in accordance with this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to which it is a party; (iv) any litigation, proceedings or investigation against the Servicer; (v) the commingling of Collections at any time with other funds; or (vi) the failure of the Servicer or any of its agents or representatives to remit to the Collection Account, Deal Agent or Collateral Agent any Collections or Proceeds of the Collateral. The provisions of this indemnity shall run directly to and be enforceable by an Indemnified Party subject to the limitations hereof.
(b)Any amounts subject to the indemnification provisions of this Section 11.2 shall not be payable from the Collateral.
(c)The Servicer shall have no liability for making indemnification hereunder to the extent any such indemnification constitutes recourse for uncollectible Contracts.
(d)The obligations of the Servicer under this Section 11.2 shall survive the resignation or removal of the Servicer, the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent, the Successor Servicer, any Lender or the Backup Servicer and the termination or assignment of this Agreement.
(e)Any indemnification pursuant to this Section 11.2, to the extent not paid by the Servicer, shall be paid to the relevant Indemnified Party on the next Payment Date pursuant to Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable.
Section 11.3    After-Tax Basis. Indemnification under Sections 11.1 and 11.2 shall be in an amount necessary to make the Indemnified Party whole after taking into account any tax consequences to the Indemnified Party of the receipt of the indemnity provided hereunder, including the effect of such tax or refund on the amount of tax measured by net income or profits that is or was payable by the Indemnified Party.
Article XII

THE DEAL AGENT AND THE COLLATERAL AGENT
Section 12.1.    Authorization and Action.
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(a)Each Secured Party hereby designates and appoints Wells Fargo Bank, National Association as Deal Agent hereunder, and authorizes the Deal Agent to take such actions as agent on its behalf and to exercise such powers as are delegated to the Deal Agent by the terms of this Agreement together with such powers as are reasonably incidental thereto; provided, however, that the Collateral Agent shall have no liability with respect to such appointment. The Deal Agent shall not have any duties or responsibilities, except those expressly set forth herein, or any fiduciary relationship with any Secured Party, and no implied covenants, functions, responsibilities, duties, obligations or liabilities on the part of the Deal Agent shall be read into this Agreement or otherwise exist for the Deal Agent. In performing its functions and duties hereunder, the Deal Agent shall act solely as agent for the Secured Parties and does not assume nor shall be deemed to have assumed any obligation or relationship of trust or agency with or for the Borrower or any of its successors or assigns. The Deal Agent shall not be required to take any action that exposes the Deal Agent to personal liability or that is contrary to this Agreement or Applicable Law. The appointment and authority of the Deal Agent hereunder shall terminate upon the indefeasible payment in full of the Aggregate Unpaids.
(b)Each Secured Party (other than the Collateral Agent) hereby designates and appoints Computershare as Collateral Agent hereunder, and authorizes the Collateral Agent to take such actions as agent on its behalf and to exercise such powers as are delegated to the Collateral Agent by the terms of this Agreement together with such powers as are reasonably incidental thereto. The Collateral Agent shall not have any duties or responsibilities, except those expressly set forth herein, or any fiduciary relationship with any Secured Party, and no implied covenants, functions, responsibilities, duties, obligations or liabilities on the part of the Collateral Agent shall be read into this Agreement or otherwise exist for the Collateral Agent (including any implied duty to enforce another party’s obligations if the Transaction Documents have not assigned such responsibility to a particular party). In performing its functions and duties hereunder, the Collateral Agent shall act solely as agent for the Secured Parties and does not assume nor shall be deemed to have assumed any obligation or relationship of trust or agency with or for the Borrower or any of its successors or assigns. The Collateral Agent shall not be required to take any action that exposes the Collateral Agent to personal liability or that is contrary to this Agreement or Applicable Law. The Collateral Agent shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes or omits to take in accordance with a direction received by it in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents. The appointment and authority of the Collateral Agent hereunder shall terminate upon the indefeasible payment in full of the Aggregate Unpaids.
Section 12.2.    Delegation of Duties.
(a)The Deal Agent may execute any of its duties under this Agreement by or through agents or attorneys-in-fact and shall be entitled to advice of counsel concerning all matters pertaining to such duties. The Deal Agent shall not be responsible for the negligence or misconduct of any agents or attorneys-in-fact selected by it with reasonable care.
(b)The Collateral Agent may execute any of its duties under this Agreement by or through agents or attorneys-in-fact (which, in either case, may include affiliates) and shall be entitled to advice of counsel concerning all matters pertaining to such duties. The Collateral Agent shall not be responsible for the action, inaction, supervision, negligence or misconduct of any agents or attorneys-in-fact (other than affiliates) appointed by it with reasonable care.
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Section 12.3.    Exculpatory Provisions.
(a)Neither the Deal Agent nor any of its directors, officers, agents or employees shall be (i) liable for any action lawfully taken or omitted to be taken by it or them under or in connection with this Agreement (except for its, their or such Person’s own gross negligence or willful misconduct or, in the case of the Deal Agent, the breach of its obligations expressly set forth in this Agreement), or (ii) responsible in any manner to any of the Secured Parties for any recitals, statements, representations or warranties made by the Borrower contained in this Agreement or in any certificate, report, statement or other document referred to or provided for in, or received under or in connection with, this Agreement for the value, validity, effectiveness, genuineness, enforceability or sufficiency of this Agreement or any other document furnished in connection herewith, or for any failure of the Borrower to perform its obligations hereunder, or for the satisfaction of any condition specified in Article III. The Deal Agent shall not be under any obligation to any Secured Party to ascertain or to inquire as to the observance or performance of any of the agreements or covenants contained in, or conditions of, this Agreement, or to inspect the properties, books or records of the Borrower. The Deal Agent shall not be deemed to have knowledge of any Amortization Event, Unmatured Termination Event, Termination Event or Servicer Termination Event unless the Deal Agent has received notice from the Borrower or a Secured Party.
(b)Neither the Collateral Agent nor any of its directors, officers, agents or employees shall be (i) liable for any action lawfully taken or omitted to be taken by it or them under or in connection with this Agreement (except for its, their or such Person’s own gross negligence or willful misconduct or, in the case of the Collateral Agent, the breach of its obligations expressly set forth in this Agreement resulting from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Collateral Agent), or (ii) responsible in any manner to any of the Secured Parties for any recitals, statements, representations or warranties made by the Borrower, the Servicer, the Originator, the Custodian, the Deal Agent, any Lender or any other Person contained in this Agreement or in any certificate, report, statement or other document referred to or provided for in, or received under or in connection with, this Agreement for the value, validity, effectiveness, genuineness, enforceability or sufficiency of this Agreement or any other document furnished in connection herewith, or for the acts or omissions of any other party hereto or for any failure of the Borrower, the Servicer, the Originator, the Custodian, the Deal Agent, any Lender or any other Person to perform its obligations hereunder, or for the satisfaction of any condition specified in Article III. The Collateral Agent shall not be under any obligation to any Secured Party to ascertain or to inquire as to the observance or performance of any of the agreements or covenants contained in, or conditions of, this Agreement, or to inspect the properties, books or records of the Servicer, the Originator, the Custodian, the Deal Agent, any Lender or any other Person, and may assume performance absent written notice or actual knowledge of a Responsible Officer to the contrary. The Collateral Agent shall not be deemed to have knowledge of any event, including any Amortization Event, Unmatured Termination Event, Termination Event or Servicer Termination Event, or information (including breaches of representations and warranties), unless a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent has received written notice or has actual knowledge thereof from the Borrower or a Secured Party, and shall have no duty to take any action to determine whether such event or information has occurred. For purposes of determining the Collateral Agent’s responsibility and liability hereunder (including the sending of any notice), whenever reference is
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made in this Agreement or any other Transaction Document to any event (including, but not limited to, any Amortization Event, Unmatured Termination Event, Termination Event or Servicer Termination Event) or information, such reference shall be construed to refer only to such event or information of which a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent has received written notice or has actual knowledge as described in this Section. Information contained in monthly distribution reports (other than those reports that the Collateral Agent is contractually obligated to review) and other publicly-available information shall not constitute written notice, constructive knowledge or actual knowledge. The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any action or inaction of the Borrower, the Deal Agent, any Lender or any other party (or agent thereof) to this Agreement or any related document and may assume compliance by such parties with their obligations under this Agreement or any related agreements, unless a Responsible Officer of the Collateral Agent shall have received written notice to the contrary at its Corporate Trust Office.
(c)Except as to actions expressly required to be taken by the Collateral Agent pursuant to this Agreement or any Transaction Document to which it is a party, before the Collateral Agent acts or refrains from acting, it may require an Officer’s Certificate or an Opinion of Counsel (at the expense of the party requesting the Collateral Agent act or refrain from acting). The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in reliance on an Officer’s Certificate or Opinion of Counsel unless it is proved that the Collateral Agent was negligent in such reliance.
(d)The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for any error of judgment or action it takes or omits to take in good faith which it believes to be authorized or within its rights or powers; provided, however, that such action or omission by the Collateral Agent does not constitute willful misconduct, gross negligence or bad faith.
(e)The Collateral Agent shall not be bound to make any investigation into the facts or matters stated in any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, bond, debenture or other paper or document, and the Collateral Agent shall be deemed not to have any actual or constructive knowledge of the facts or matters that such investigation could potentially reveal, unless such an investigation is requested in writing by Deal Agent. The Collateral Agent shall be entitled to recover the reasonable and documented costs, expenses and losses or liabilities incurred by it in the making of such investigation in accordance with Section 2.7(a) or Section 2.7(b), as applicable, hereof; provided, however, that if the Collateral Agent reasonably determines that payment within a reasonable time of such costs, expenses and losses or liabilities is not assured to it from such provisions, the Collateral Agent may require indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it from the Deal Agent, against such costs, expenses and losses or liabilities as a condition to proceeding with such investigation.
(f)The Collateral Agent shall not be imputed with any knowledge of, or information possessed or obtained by, the Backup Servicer, any custodian, or any affiliate, line of business or other division of Computershare and vice versa (in each case other than instances where such roles are performed by the same group or division within Computershare or otherwise include common Responsible Officers).
(g)The Collateral Agent shall not be liable for failure to perform any act or fulfill any duty, obligation or responsibility as a result of any occurrence beyond the control of the
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Collateral Agent including, but not limited to, any (i) provision of any present or future law or regulation or act of any governmental authority, (ii) any act of God, (iii) natural disaster, (iv) war, (v) terrorism, (vi) civil unrest, (vii) labor dispute, (viii) disease, (ix) epidemic or pandemic, (x) quarantine, (xi) national emergency, (xii) utility failure, (xiii) computer hardware or software failure, (xiv) malware or ransomware attack, (xv) communications system failure, (xvi) unavailability of the Federal Reserve Bank wire or telex system or other applicable wire or funds transfer system, or (xvii) unavailability of any securities clearing system. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or otherwise, under no circumstance will the Collateral Agent be liable for special, punitive, indirect, or consequential loss or damage of any kind whatsoever (including lost profits), whether or not foreseeable, even if the Collateral Agent is actually aware of or has been advised of the likelihood of such loss or damage.
(h)The right of the Collateral Agent to perform any permissive or discretionary act enumerated in this Agreement or any related document shall not be construed as a duty.
(i)Neither the Collateral Agent nor any of its officers, directors, employees, attorneys or agents will be responsible or liable for the existence, genuineness, value or protection of any collateral in which a security interest is purported to have been granted hereunder, for the legality, enforceability, effectiveness or sufficiency of the Transaction Documents, for the creation, perfection, continuation, priority, sufficiency or protection of any of the liens, or for any defect or deficiency as to any such matters, or for monitoring the status of any lien or performance of the Collateral. The Collateral Agent shall not be responsible or personally liable for recording this Agreement or any other Transaction Document, for preparing or filing any financing or continuation statement or similar filings in any public office at any time or otherwise for perfecting or maintaining the perfection of any ownership or security interest or lien or for preparing or filing any tax (except as required by law), qualification to business or securities law filing or report.
(j)No provision of this Agreement shall require the Collateral Agent to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur financial liability in the performance of any of its duties hereunder or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers hereunder.
(k)The parties expressly acknowledge and consent to Computershare acting in the possible dual capacity of Backup Servicer or Successor Servicer, and in the capacity as Collateral Agent. Computershare may, in such dual capacity, discharge its separate functions fully, without hindrance or regard to conflict of interest principles or other breach of duties to the extent that any such conflict or breach arises from the performance by Computershare of express duties set forth in this Agreement in any of such capacities, all of which defenses, claims or assertions are hereby expressly waived by the other parties hereto except in the case of gross negligence (other than errors in judgment) or willful misconduct by Computershare.
(l)The Collateral Agent shall be under no obligation to exercise any of the rights or powers vested in it by the Transaction Documents at the request or direction of the Deal Agent pursuant to the Transaction Documents, unless the Deal Agent shall have offered to the Collateral Agent security or indemnity reasonably satisfactory to it against the costs, expenses and liabilities which might be incurred by it in compliance with such request or direction.
Section 12.4.    Reliance.
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(a)The Deal Agent shall in all cases be entitled to rely, and shall be fully protected in relying, upon any document or conversation believed by it to be genuine and correct and to have been signed, sent or made by the proper Person or Persons and upon advice and statements of legal counsel (including, without limitation, counsel to the Borrower), independent accountants and other experts selected by the Deal Agent. The Deal Agent shall in all cases be fully justified in failing or refusing to take any action under this Agreement or any other document furnished in connection herewith unless it shall first receive such advice or concurrence of the Required Lenders or all of the Secured Parties, as applicable, as it deems appropriate or it shall first be indemnified to its satisfaction by the Secured Parties, provided that unless and until the Deal Agent shall have received such advice, the Deal Agent may take or refrain from taking any action, as the Deal Agent shall deem advisable and in the best interests of the Secured Parties. The Deal Agent shall in all cases be fully protected in acting, or in refraining from acting, in accordance with a request of the Required Lenders or all of the Secured Parties, as applicable, and such request and any action taken or failure to act pursuant thereto shall be binding upon all the Secured Parties.
(b)The Collateral Agent shall in all cases be entitled to conclusively rely, and shall be fully protected in relying, upon any document, certificate, opinion of counsel, officer’s certificate, report or conversation believed by it to be genuine and correct and to have been signed, sent or made by the proper Person or Persons and upon advice and statements and opinions of legal counsel of its choice (including, without limitation, counsel to the Borrower), independent accountants and other experts selected by the Collateral Agent. The Collateral Agent need not investigate or re-calculate, evaluate, verify or independently determine the accuracy of any report, certificate, information, statement, representation or warranty or any fact or matter stated in any such document. The Collateral Agent shall in all cases be fully justified in failing or refusing to take any action under this Agreement or any other document furnished in connection herewith unless it shall first receive such advice or concurrence of the Deal Agent, the Required Lenders or all of the Secured Parties, as applicable, as it deems appropriate or it shall first be indemnified to its satisfaction by the Deal Agent, Required Lenders or Secured Parties, as applicable, provided that unless and until the Collateral Agent shall have received such advice, the Collateral Agent may take or refrain from taking any action, and shall not be liable for taking of refraining from taking any such action. The Collateral Agent shall in all cases be fully protected in acting, or in refraining from acting, in accordance with a request of the Deal Agent, the Required Lenders or all of the Secured Parties, as applicable, and such request and any action taken or failure to act pursuant thereto shall be binding upon all the Secured Parties. The Collateral Agent may consult with counsel of its choice, and the advice or opinion of such counsel shall be full and complete authorization in respect of any action taken, omitted or suffered by hereunder in good faith and in accordance with the advice or opinion of such counsel.
Section 12.5.    Non-Reliance on Deal Agent, Collateral Agent and Other Lenders. Each Secured Party expressly acknowledges that neither the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent nor any of their respective officers, directors, employees, agents, attorneys-in-fact or affiliates has made any representations or warranties to it and that no act by the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent hereafter taken, including, without limitation, any review of the affairs of the Borrower, shall be deemed to constitute any representation or warranty by the Deal Agent, any Lender or the Collateral Agent. Each Secured Party represents and warrants to the Deal Agent and the Collateral Agent that it has and will, independently and without reliance upon the Deal Agent, the Collateral
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Agent or any other Secured Party and based on such documents and information as it has deemed appropriate, made its own appraisal of and investigation into the business, operations, property, prospects, financial and other conditions and creditworthiness of the Borrower and made its own decision to enter into this Agreement.
Section 12.6.    Reimbursement and Indemnification. The Lenders agree to reimburse and indemnify the Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and each of their respective officers, directors, employees, representatives and agents ratably according to their pro rata shares, to the extent not paid or reimbursed by the Borrower (i) for any amounts for which the Deal Agent, acting in its capacity as Deal Agent, or the Collateral Agent, acting in its capacity as Collateral Agent is entitled to reimbursement by the Borrower hereunder and (ii) for any other expenses incurred by the Deal Agent, in its capacity as Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent, acting in its capacity as Collateral Agent and acting on behalf of the Secured Parties, in connection with the administration and enforcement of this Agreement.
Section 12.7.    Deal Agent and Collateral Agent in their Individual Capacities. The Deal Agent, the Collateral Agent and each of their respective Affiliates may make loans to, accept deposits from and generally engage in any kind of business with the Borrower or any Affiliate of the Borrower as though the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent, as the case may be, were not the Deal Agent or the Collateral Agent, as the case may be, hereunder.
Section 12.8.    Successor Deal Agent or Collateral Agent.
(a)The Deal Agent may, upon 5 days’ notice to the Borrower and the Secured Parties, with the consent of the Required Lenders, and the Deal Agent will, upon the direction of the Required Lenders upon at least 30 days’ prior notice, resign as Deal Agent. If the Deal Agent shall resign, then the Required Lenders during such 5-day or 30-day period, as applicable, shall appoint a successor agent. If for any reason no successor Deal Agent is appointed by the Required Lenders during such 5-day or 30-day period, as applicable, then upon the expiration of such 5-day or 30-day period, as applicable, the Deal Agent shall continue to serve as Deal Agent until a successor agent can be appointed. After any retiring Deal Agent’s resignation hereunder as Deal Agent, the provisions of Article XI and Article XII shall inure to its benefit as to any actions taken or omitted to be taken by it while it was Deal Agent under this Agreement.
The Collateral Agent may, upon 5 days’ written notice to the Borrower and the Secured Parties, and the Collateral Agent will, upon the written direction of all of the Secured Parties upon at least 30 days’ prior notice, resign as Collateral Agent. If the Collateral Agent shall resign, then the Secured Parties, during such 5-day or 30-day period, as applicable, shall appoint a successor agent. If for any reason no successor Collateral Agent is appointed by the Secured Parties during such period, then effective upon the expiration of such period, the Collateral Agent’s resignation shall be effective, and the Secured Parties shall perform all of the duties of the Collateral Agent hereunder and the Borrower shall make all payments in respect of the Aggregate Unpaids incurred after such date or under any fee letter delivered in connection herewith directly to the applicable Secured Party and for all purposes shall deal directly with each Secured Party. After any retiring Collateral Agent’s resignation hereunder as Collateral Agent, the provisions of Article XI and Article XII shall inure to its benefit as to any actions taken or omitted to be taken by it while it was Collateral Agent under this Agreement. If the Collateral Agent consolidates with, merges or
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converts into, or transfers all or substantially all its corporate trust business or assets to, another corporation or banking association, the resulting, surviving or transferee corporation or banking association without any further act shall be the successor Collateral Agent.
Section 12.9.    Certain ERISA Matters.
(a)Each Lender (x) represents and warrants, as of the date such Person became a Lender party hereto, to, and (y) covenants, from the date such Person became a Lender party hereto to the date such Person ceases being a Lender party hereto, for the benefit of, the Deal Agent and not, for the avoidance of doubt, to or for the benefit of the Borrower, that at least one of the following is and will be true:
(i)such Lender is not using “plan assets” (within the meaning of Section 3(42) of ERISA or otherwise for purposes of Title I of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) of one or more Benefit Plans with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments or this Agreement,